Adapting LFI for Melioidosis

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Duke University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Melioidosis

Treatments

Device: Lateral flow immunoassay

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03528265
Pro00091842

Details and patient eligibility

About

Towards the goal of reducing melioidosis, this study will help clinicians in Sarawak to diagnose and understand the causes and risk factors for melioidosis. The data will help the clinicians to provide faster test results and better clinical care. The investigator's laboratory efforts will supplement available diagnostics by adding a new, easier-to-use test involving lateral flow immunoassay to rapidly detect Burkholderia pseudomallei, a bacterium causing melioidosis. The study aims to study up to 400 patients with melioidosis-like symptoms who are admitted to Kapit Hospital, Sarawak, Malaysia. No participants will be enrolled from other sites. The study will also examine the demographic, behavioral and occupational risk factors associated with hospital admissions to understand any existing associations between these variables and melioidosis prevalence.

Enrollment

100 patients

Sex

All

Ages

6+ months old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Admitted to Kapit Hospital

  • Fever more than 3 days and one or more of the following:

    • Enlarged cervical, inguinal or axillary lymph nodes (greater than 3 cm in diameter), painless adenopathy or lymphadenitis or lymph node abscesses
    • One or both sides glands involvement such as tender swelling over medial aspect of the lower eyelid of the lacrimal glands; submandibular glands, parotic glands
    • Bedside scan with splenic or liver hypoechoic lesion (less than 2cm in diameter)
    • Pneumonia not responding to 48 hours of first line antibiotics
    • One or more joint pain with swelling
    • Purplish vesicle or bullae mainly over the lower limbs, may resulting in ulcer after rupture
    • Deep seated abscess or brain abscess or genitourinary abscess or osteomyelitis
    • Severe sepsis patient with or without shock and/or with multiorgan involvement

Exclusion criteria

  • Have a clear alternative diagnosis other than melioidosis by a trained health care professional at the Kapit Hospital
  • Have already been treated for melioidosis (e.g. received antibiotics before the start of the study)
  • Are younger than 6 months of age

Trial design

100 participants in 1 patient group

Patients with melioidosis-like symptoms admitted to Kapit Hosp
Treatment:
Device: Lateral flow immunoassay

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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