Adaptive SCS for Treatment of Gait Disturbance in PD

Shanghai Jiao Tong University logo

Shanghai Jiao Tong University




Gait Disorders, Neurologic
Parkinson Disease


Device: sensor-driven position-adaptive SCS
Device: conventional SCS

Study type


Funder types



2020 Adaptive SCS PD Gait

Details and patient eligibility


Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been suggested by several research for treating PD gait disturbance. However, the side effects induced by body position change cannot fully addressed by conventional SCS. Medtronic sensor-driven position-adaptive SCS are capable to monitor the position change and change the parameters accordingly, so as to reduce the position change related side effects. Nevertheless, neither the efficacy nor safety of this technique in the treatment of gait disturbance in PD is ever investigated. Therefore, the investigators will conduct a randomized clinical trial to investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of sensor-driven position-adaptive SCS in the treatment of gait disturbance in PD. This study will contribute to find out the safety and efficacy of sensor-driven position-adaptive SCS in the treatment of PD gait disorder, improve patients' quality of life, and reduce the burden on family and society.

Full description

The study is a randomized double-blind crossover design aiming to test the short-term efficacy and safety of sensor-driven position-adaptive SCS in the treatment of gait disturbance in patients with PD. More than 1 month after operation, subjects will be randomly assigned into two groups, with one group treated with conventional spinal cord stimulation intervention and the other treated with sensor-driven position-adaptive spinal cord stimulation intervention. Both groups will be followed-up for more than 1 week and receive comprehensive evaluation. A cross-over design will then be applied to eliminate the individual variability until both groups complete another 1 week follow-up. Stimulation parameters and levodopa equivalent daily dose (LEDD) remained during follow-up in both group. Clinical evaluation is assessed by 6-min walk test (6MWT) and timed up-and-go task (TUG) with gait analysis. Quality of life is evaluated by The 5-level EQ-5D. The severity of PIGD is assessed by gait and fall questionnaire (GFQ) , modified fall efficacy scale(MFES), activities-specific balance confidence (ABC) scale and the survey of activities and fear of falling in the elderly (SAFFE ). Within group t test will be made for comparison between two groups.


8 estimated patients




55 to 70 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • 1,Parkinsonism(including idiopathic Parkinson's disease,Vascular Parkinson's disease, Atypical parkinsonism).
  • 2, Aged 45-75 years old, Hoehn & Yahr stage (medication off condition) at 2~4;
  • 3, Patients willingly seek surgical treatment for PD gait disturbance;
  • 4, Walking disorder with freezing episodes, insufficiently alleviated by oral dopaminergic therapy and/or physiotherapy;
  • 5, SCS eligibility has been confirmed by neurologist and neurosurgeon;
  • 6, Ability to perform a gait/walking task (under close supervision);
  • 7, Informed consent and have good compliance.

Exclusion criteria

  • 1, Lesion in spinal cord or other surgical contraindications;
  • 2, Other neuropsychiatric disorders or relevant medical history; haven't achieved the optimal therapeutic effects of DBS surgery or drug therapy;
  • 3, Medical history of stroke, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or myasthenia gravis; taking prohibited medications (such as lithium, valproate, steroids, adrenergic agonists, etc.);
  • 4, Cardiac, renal or other important organs hypofunction or dysfunction, or unstable vital signs;
  • 5, Women reporting that they are pregnant;
  • 6, Any situation (medical, psychological, social, geographical, etc.) that may endanger patient's life or result in patients withdrawing from the study at present or in the future.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Crossover Assignment


Double Blind

8 participants in 2 patient groups

conventional SCS
Active Comparator group
Device: conventional SCS
sensor-driven position-adaptive SCS
Experimental group
Device: sensor-driven position-adaptive SCS

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

rui zhu; Dianyou Li, doctor

Data sourced from

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