Adjuvant Therapy for High-risk Hepatocellular Carcinoma Post Liver Transplantation

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College logo

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College

Status and phase

Not yet enrolling
Phase 2

Conditions

Liver Transplant; Complications
Recurrent Osteosarcoma
Hepatocarcinoma
High-Risk Cancer

Treatments

Drug: multi-kinase inhibitors in combination with bevacizumab

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06041490
K4001

Details and patient eligibility

About

Explore the impact of postoperative administration of multi-kinase inhibitors (including sorafenib, lenvatinib, and regorafenib) in conjunction with bevacizumab on post-transplant recurrence, overall survival, and drug safety in liver transplant recipients at high risk of recurrence in hepatocellular carcinoma. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of multi-kinase inhibitors in combination with bevacizumab as adjuvant therapy in liver transplant recipients with hepatocellular carcinoma who present high-risk factors for recurrence, based on the one-year recurrence-free survival rate (1-year RFS rate). The secondary objectives of this study are to assess the effectiveness and safety of multi-kinase inhibitors in combination with bevacizumab as adjuvant therapy in liver transplant recipients with hepatocellular carcinoma who present high-risk factors for recurrence, based on the following parameters: Recurrence-free survival (RFS) duration, Overall survival (OS), Two-year and three-year RFS rates, Graft survival, Quality of life evaluation (QoL), Incidence of adverse events and serious adverse events.

Full description

To investigate the effect of multikinase inhibitors (including sorafenib, lenvatinib and donafinib) combined with bevacizumab on recurrence, survival and safety in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at high risk of recurrence after liver transplantation.

Enrollment

88 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Voluntary enrollment, accompanied by the signing of a written informed consent form, is a prerequisite for participation in this study. This ensures that participants enter the study based on their own decision and understanding of the research objectives, procedures, and potential risks.
  • The study includes individuals aged between 18 and 75 years, inclusive, without any gender restrictions. This broad age range and gender inclusivity allow for a diverse representation of participants, facilitating a comprehensive understanding of the study outcomes across different demographic profiles.
  • Prior to enrollment, participants must have undergone liver transplantation within the preceding 4 to 8 weeks. This specific time frame serves as an inclusion criterion to ensure that participants have recently undergone the surgical procedure, enabling researchers to investigate the effects of the transplantation within a relevant timeframe.

Participants must have a confirmed pathological diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and meet at least one of the following criteria:

a) Pre-operative imaging or post-operative pathological confirmation of exceeding the Milan criteria.

b) Presence of major vascular invasion. c) Post-operative pathological confirmation of the presence of microvascular invasion (MVI).

d) Pre-operative imaging or post-operative pathological confirmation of the presence of satellite nodules.

e) Recurrence of HCC after liver resection and subsequent liver transplantation.

  • Participants should have an anticipated life expectancy of more than 3 months.
  • Participants should not have received systemic anti-tumor treatment prior to liver transplantation, with the exception of pre-operative transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), traditional Chinese medicine, and interferon treatment.
  • Participants should have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0 to 1, indicating good functional status.
  • Participants' liver function, as assessed by the Child-Pugh score, should be classified as Grade A, indicating well-preserved liver function.
  • HBsAg-positive patients should receive continuous antiviral therapy post-transplantation, using first-line antiviral drugs such as entecavir, tenofovir, or tenofovir alafenamide.

Participants should have adequate hematological and organ function, based on the laboratory test results obtained within 14 days before the initiation of the study treatment, as follows:

Laboratory tests (unless otherwise specified, no blood transfusion or use of G-CSF within 14 days prior to screening):

  • Hemoglobin ≥ 90 g/L.
  • White blood cell count ≥ 3.0 x 10^9/L.
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L.

Platelet count ≥ 75 x 10^9/L.

Biochemical tests (no use of albumin within 14 days prior to screening):

  • Serum albumin ≥ 28 g/L.
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 5 times ULN.
  • Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 5 times ULN.

Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl) > 50 mL/min (calculated using the standard Cockcroft-Gault formula):

- For females: CrCl = ((140 - age) x body weight (kg) x 0.85) / (72 x serum creatinine [mg/dL]).

For males: CrCl = ((140 - age) x body weight (kg) x 1.00) / (72 x serum creatinine [mg/dL]).

Coagulation Function:

  • International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT) ≤ 1.5 times the Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) or PT prolongation ≤ 6 seconds.
  • Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT) ≤ 1.5 times ULN.

Women of Childbearing Potential: Women who agree to abstain from heterosexual intercourse during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose of the study drug, or use a contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. For women who have experienced menstrual bleeding and have not reached a postmenopausal state (continuous absence of menstruation for ≥12 months without any other known cause) and have not undergone sterilization procedures (removal of ovaries and/or uterus), they are considered to be of childbearing potential.

  • Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of less than 1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormone-based contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices, and copper intrauterine devices.
  • The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial, patients' preferred lifestyle, and daily activities. Periodic abstinence methods (such as calendar-based methods, ovulation period methods, symptothermal methods, or post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable contraceptive methods.

Men: Men who agree to abstain from heterosexual intercourse or use contraception and also agree not to donate sperm, as defined below:

  • If the female partner is of childbearing potential, male patients must abstain from heterosexual intercourse during the treatment period and for 6 months after the last dose of the study drug or use a condom plus another contraceptive method to achieve a contraceptive failure rate of <1% per year. During the same period, male patients must also agree not to donate sperm. If the female partner is already pregnant, male patients must abstain from heterosexual intercourse or use a condom for contraception during the treatment period and for 6 months after the last dose of the study drug to avoid potential effects on the fetus.
  • The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial, patients' preferred lifestyle, and daily activities. Periodic abstinence methods (such as calendar-based methods, ovulation period methods, symptothermal methods, or post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable contraceptive methods.

Exclusion criteria

According to the information provided, the following patients are not eligible for participation in this study.

Patients with a previous histological/cytological diagnosis of fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma, sarcomatoid hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, or other similar components.

Patients with a history of malignancies other than hepatocellular carcinoma, unless they meet the following criteria:

  • Patients who have undergone potentially curative treatment and have no evidence of the disease within the past 5 years.
  • Patients who have successfully undergone resection of basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, superficial bladder cancer, cervical carcinoma in situ, or other in situ carcinomas; or patients who have been treated for superficial bladder cancer, have undergone surgical treatment, and have prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tumor markers within the normal range.

Patients who are concurrently taking medications that may prolong the QTc interval and/or induce torsades de pointes (Tdp) or medications that affect drug metabolism.

Patients with a known or suspected history of allergies to sorafenib, lenvatinib, donafenib, or similar drugs.

  • Patients with active bleeding or coagulation abnormalities, bleeding tendencies, or those undergoing thrombolysis, anticoagulant therapy, or antiplatelet therapy.
  • Patients who have experienced thrombosis or thromboembolic events within the past 6 months, such as stroke and/or transient ischemic attack, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, etc.

7.Patients who have experienced esophageal or gastric variceal bleeding due to portal hypertension within the past 6 months or any life-threatening bleeding event within the past 3 months. Patients with a history of gastrointestinal bleeding within the past 6 months or clear evidence of gastrointestinal bleeding tendencies, such as high-risk esophageal varices, locally active gastrointestinal ulcers, fecal occult blood ≥(++), are not eligible for inclusion. If fecal occult blood is (+), a gastroscopy examination is required. Evidence or history of bleeding mechanism disorders with ≥3 grade (CTC-AE 5.0) bleeding events, etc.

8.Patients with clinically significant cardiovascular diseases, including but not limited to acute myocardial infarction within the past 6 months, severe/unstable angina or coronary artery bypass grafting, congestive heart failure (NYHA class >2), poorly controlled or requiring pacemaker therapy for arrhythmias, poorly controlled hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg) despite medication.

9.Other significant clinical and laboratory abnormalities that the investigator deems to impact safety assessment, such as uncontrolled diabetes, chronic kidney disease, peripheral neuropathy of grade II or higher (CTCAE V5.0), thyroid dysfunction, etc.

10.Active or poorly controlled severe infections, including:

  • HIV-positive (HIV1/2 antibody).
  • Active hepatitis B (positive for HBsAg or HBV DNA>2000 IU/ml and abnormal liver function).
  • Active hepatitis C (positive for HCV antibody or HCV RNA≥103 copies/ml and abnormal liver function).
  • Active tuberculosis.

Other uncontrolled active infections (CTCAE V5.0 >2 grade). 11.Patients who have not yet recovered from surgery, with unhealed wounds or severe postoperative complications.

12.Patients with substance abuse or any medical, psychological, or social conditions that may affect the study, patient compliance, or potentially endanger patient safety.

13.Patients who have received treatment with potent CYP3A4 inhibitors (such as clarithromycin, indinavir, ketoconazole, lopinavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, telaprevir, voriconazole, etc.) within 7 days prior to study participation or potent CYP3A4 inducers (such as phenytoin, phenobarbital, primidone, carbamazepine, rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine, St. John's wort, etc.) within 12 days prior to study participation.

14.Recipients of multiorgan transplantation. 15.Development of distant metastasis within 1 month after transplantation. 16.Participation in another clinical trial within the past 30 days. 17.Incomplete treatment duration of less than 3 months. 18.The investigator's comprehensive judgment deems the patient unsuitable for participation in this study.

Trial design

88 participants in 2 patient groups

multi-kinase inhibitors in combination with bevacizumab
Experimental group
Description:
TKI (Sorafenib 400mg, bid, po or Lenvatinib 8mg, qd, po if bodyweight less than 60 kg,12mg, qd, po if bodyweight more than 60kg or Donafenib:200mg, bid, po) + bevacizumab:7.5mg/kg, infusion, Q3w
Treatment:
Drug: multi-kinase inhibitors in combination with bevacizumab
Without adjuvant therapy
No Intervention group
Description:
No intervention.

Trial contacts and locations

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Central trial contact

haitao zhao

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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