Adolescent Depression Screening and Treatment in Mozambican Primary Care

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Columbia University

Status

Invitation-only

Conditions

Depression
Adolescent Behavior

Treatments

Behavioral: Treatment as Usual (TAU)
Behavioral: Group Interpersonal Therapy for Adolescents (IPT-AG)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT05476237
AAAT8351
K01MH120258 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a cluster-randomized pilot trial of depression screening and treatment implementation at four Youth-friendly Health Services (YFHS) in primary care clinics, two in Maputo City and two in Maputo Province. YFHS will be stratified by urbanicity, such that one YFHS in Maputo City and one YFHS in Maputo Province will be randomized to interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT)-A and the other YFHS in each location with be randomized to treatment as usual (TAU).

Full description

Mental disorders are the leading cause of disability among adolescents worldwide, but only a very small minority, mostly in high-resource settings, have access to mental health care. The investigators' work is focused on understanding how to increase access to mental health care for adolescents in low-resource settings. In Mozambique, where this work is based, there are just 15 psychiatrists and 180 psychologists to serve its population of 29 million. In collaboration with local stakeholders, including governmental policymakers and primary care providers, the investigators developed a plan to implement care for adolescent depression in primary care settings. The investigators now aim to examine changes in adolescent depression and acceptability of primary care-based mental health services compared to treatment as usual.

Enrollment

114 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

12 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Providers:

  • IPT-AG Arm: YFHS staff will be included in the study if they (a) conduct screening for depression and/or group IPT-AG and (b) provide consent to participate in the study.
  • TAU Arm: YFHS staff will be included in the study if they (a) provide referrals for adolescents suspected of having mental illness or seeking mental health services and (b) provide consent to participate in the study. Treatment providers (Psychiatric Technicians and psychologists) will be included in the study if they (a) treat adolescents referred from participating YFHS for depression and (b) provide consent to participate in the study.

Patients: In both study arms, adolescents attending one of the four study YFHS will be included in the study if they:

  • are between the ages of 12-19 years;
  • screen positive for depression;
  • provide informed consent (ages 16 -19) or if their guardian provides informed consent and they provide assent (if ages 12-15).
  • Study centers: must be clinics that have YFHS.

Exclusion criteria

In both study arms, adolescents will be excluded if they:

  • are unable to participate in treatment due to acute illness; and/or
  • are unable to communicate sufficiently in Portuguese to answer inclusion questions.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Health Services Research

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

114 participants in 2 patient groups

TAU
Active Comparator group
Description:
Psychologists or PsyTechs in mental health services of primary care clinics will provide individual psychotherapy to depressed adolescents in the TAU arm. Local mental health professionals providing depression treatment in the TAU arm will not have been trained on IPT for adults or adolescents. Also, the two Ministry of Health psychologists trained as trainers of IPT-AG will not provide treatment in the TAU Arm.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Treatment as Usual (TAU)
IPT-AG
Experimental group
Description:
Group IPT-AG will be facilitated by the trained providers at each YFHS using the IPT-AG manual adapted to the Mozambican context. Adolescents will participate in 12 weekly sessions. The first and last sessions will be one-on-one with the provider. The first session is used for the participant and provider to develop a treatment plan and the last session is to prepare for treatment termination. All other sessions will be conducted in groups of 6-8 adolescents.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Group Interpersonal Therapy for Adolescents (IPT-AG)

Trial contacts and locations

4

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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