Adolescent Family-Based Alcohol Prevention

P

Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Drug Abuse
Alcohol Abuse

Treatments

Behavioral: Strengthening Families Program (SFP)
Behavioral: Family Matters

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00858065
R01AA015323 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
NIAAA-BMiller-AA015323

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study explores whether giving families a choice of family-based prevention programs to prevent adolescent alcohol use will make a difference in program recruitment, retention, completion, as well as adolescent outcomes. Half of the families are assigned to a traditional random control trial condition and half are assigned to a choice condition. Further, this effectiveness study is being implemented by Kaiser Permanente Health Care system, and explores the issues of implementing such programs within such settings.

Full description

This study examines the efficacy and effectiveness of two theory based, universal family prevention programs that have shown efficacy for reducing adolescent alcohol and other drug use: Family Matters (FM) (Bauman, 1996) and (Iowa) Strengthening Families Program (Spoth, 1999) when implemented with families randomly assigned to one of two different conditions: a family "choice" condition (two-groups--FM or SFP) and a traditional random control trial condition (three groups--FM, SFP, and control) called the "assigned" condition. The two conditions (choice vs. assigned) are being compared for differences in: (a) adolescent outcomes related to alcohol use and related behaviors; (b) family characteristics for those who participate; (c) family recruitment, retention and completion rates; d) costs for program implementation. The sample is drawn from families (N=614) with a child age 11 or 12 currently enrolled in Kaiser Permanente Health Care Plan (KP), in one of four medical centers in Northern California. An initial face-to-face interview was conducted (separately) with parent and adolescent prior to program delivery, and two follow-up interviews (12 and 24 months later) are being conducted over the telephone with parent and adolescent (separately). The health care system represents an important new mode for delivering adolescent alcohol use prevention programs to families. The specific aims of this project will provide a real world test of implementation issues and feasibility. Finally, the choice condition represents an innovative, realistic condition under which families make participation decisions outside of the traditional experimental study design protocols. Choosing a treatment based on personal preference may increase patient's sense of autonomy and self-efficacy for behavior change thereby improving outcomes (Williams, 1998; Clarke, 1999). Social cognitive theory and principles of self-regulation provide a connection between these psychological constructs and behavioral choices/health outcomes (Bandura, 1986; Clark & Zimmerman, 1990).

Enrollment

1,228 patients

Sex

All

Ages

11 to 12 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Families who were members of one of four Kaiser Permanente medical centers in Northern California (Oakland, Vallejo, San Francisco, and Walnut Creek) at the time the sample was drawn who had an 11-12 year old child.

Exclusion criteria

  • Child in alcohol or drug treatment,
  • Did not speak English fluently,
  • parents or adolescents with mental disorders which would hamper their ability to participate effectively or would cause them to be disruptive to the group process or for whom the comprehension of the reading material in Family Matters would be a problem.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

1,228 participants in 5 patient groups

RCT FM
Active Comparator group
Description:
Random control trial- Family Matters. Half the families were assigned to the RCT condition, in which they were assigned to one of two prevention programs or to a control group. This arm was assigned to Family Matters program.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Family Matters
Choice SFP
Active Comparator group
Description:
Half the families were assigned to the choice condition in which they can choose between two prevention programs. This arm chose the Strengthening Families Program (SFP).
Treatment:
Behavioral: Strengthening Families Program (SFP)
RCT SFP
Active Comparator group
Description:
Random control trial- Strengthening Families Program. Half the families were assigned to the RCT condition, in which they were assigned to one of two prevention programs or to a control group. This arm was assigned to Strengthening Families Program.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Strengthening Families Program (SFP)
RCT Control
No Intervention group
Description:
Random control trial- Control Group. Half the families were assigned to the RCT condition, in which they were assigned to one of two prevention programs or to a control group. This arm was assigned to the control group and received no prevention program. However, this group and all groups received an informational pamphlet about youth alcohol and other drug use.
Choice FM
Active Comparator group
Description:
Half the families were assigned to the choice condition in which they can choose between two prevention programs. This arm chose the Family Matters (FM) program.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Family Matters

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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