Adult Sexual Risk Behavior Among Women With a History of Childhood Sexual Abuse

S

Syracuse University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Child Abuse, Sexual
HIV Infections

Treatments

Behavioral: Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model
Behavioral: Traumagenic Dynamics model

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00653575
R21MH083502 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
DAHBR 9A-ASPQ

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study will evaluate whether childhood experiences are related to current sexual behavior of adult women.

Full description

Adverse childhood events, including physical and sexual abuse, can cause significant distress for those affected, during both childhood and adulthood. Childhood abuse appears to increase the risk of a number of negative outcomes later in life, including psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, and HIV and sexually transmitted infections. Previous research has consistently found an association between childhood sexual abuse and greater rates of adult sexual risk behavior. However, improved understanding of how childhood sexual abuse relates to adult sexual risk behavior is needed. The Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills and Traumagenic Dynamics models are theories used to investigate determinants of sexual behavior and effects of childhood abuse. Using these models to examine the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and adult sexual risk behavior may help in creating effective sexual risk reduction interventions for women abused during childhood. This study will evaluate whether childhood experiences are related to current sexual behavior of adult women. The study will also evaluate which theory, the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model or the Traumagenic Dynamics model, better mediates the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and adult sexual risk behavior. Participation in this study will include one study visit. Participants will first complete a 45-minute computerized survey that includes questions about childhood experiences; family environment; current health and behavior; attitudes, knowledge, and thoughts about sex and relationships; control over life circumstances; and substance use. Participants will then engage in two brief role plays in which they will either make a request of their partner or must stand up for themselves. For the last part of the visit, participants will be asked questions about condoms and condom use and will be asked to place a condom on a model used in the clinic.

Enrollment

481 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Understands English

Exclusion criteria

Impaired mentally

Trial design

481 participants in 2 patient groups

1
Description:
Women who report a history of childhood sexual abuse
Treatment:
Behavioral: Traumagenic Dynamics model
Behavioral: Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model
2
Description:
Women who do not report a history of childhood sexual abuse
Treatment:
Behavioral: Traumagenic Dynamics model
Behavioral: Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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