Aldosterone Antagonism and Microvascular Function

Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC) logo

Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC)

Status and phase

Terminated
Phase 4

Conditions

Hypertension
Abdominal Obesity Metabolic Syndrome
Insulin Resistance

Treatments

Drug: Eplerenone
Other: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01887119
133031

Details and patient eligibility

About

The prevalence of obesity and obesity-related complications is currently taking epidemic proportions. These complications increase the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, which are important causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is important to gain insight in the mechanisms underlying obesity-related complications, because this may lead to the development of directed therapeutic strategies. Currently, there is significant evidence that the cause of both insulin resistance and hypertension must be sought at the level of the microcirculation. Over activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is a potential cause of microvascular dysfunction. Angiotensin II was indeed found to be implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity-associated hypertension and insulin resistance, possibly through interference with the vascular effects of insulin. Increased aldosterone levels have also been associated with resistant hypertension and insulin resistance, which is illustrated in patients with primary aldosteronism. Furthermore, aldosterone is known to exert several detrimental effects on the vasculature, some of which are offset by mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists. In obese individuals, plasma aldosterone concentrations are increased as well. We hypothesize that increased aldosterone levels in adipose persons induce microvascular dysfunction, which contributes to the development of insulin resistance and hypertension, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonism results in improved insulin sensitivity and decreased blood pressure by counteracting the adverse effects of aldosterone on the microvasculature.

Enrollment

25 patients

Sex

All

Ages

40 to 65 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age 40-65 years
  • Caucasian
  • Waist circumference > 102 cm (men)/> 88 cm (women)
  • Triglycerides > 1.7 mmol/L
  • High-normal blood pressure (office blood pressure: 130/85 - 139/89 mm Hg) or stage I hypertension (office blood pressure: 140/90 mm Hg - 159/99 mm Hg; 24h ABPM: 125/80 - 149/89 mm Hg)

Exclusion criteria

  • Cardiovascular disease (stroke, coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, congestive heart failure, cardiac shunts, cardiac surgery, pulmonary hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, family history of cardiac arrhythmias or sudden cardiac death)
  • Diabetes mellitus/impaired glucose metabolism (fasting glucose values > 5.6 mmol/L)
  • Grade 2 or 3 hypertension (office blood pressure: > 160/100 mm Hg; ABPM > 150/90 mm Hg)
  • Unstable or severe pulmonary disease
  • Unstable or severe thyroid disorders
  • Inflammatory diseases
  • Alcohol use > 2 U/day (women)/> 3 U/day (men)
  • Use of antihypertensive, lipid-lowering or glucose-lowering medications,
  • Use of corticosteroids, medication known to inhibit or induce CYP3A4, lithium, and tricyclic antidepressants or antipsychotic medication, and regular use (weekly or several times a week) of NSAIDs
  • Plasma potassium levels < 3.2 mmol/L or > 5 mmol/L
  • eGFR < 60 mL/min
  • Impairment of hepatic function
  • Pregnancy or lactation

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

25 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Eplerenone
Active Comparator group
Description:
Eplerenone 50 mg 1dd during four weeks
Treatment:
Drug: Eplerenone
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Eplerenone-matched placebo
Treatment:
Other: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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