Aminocamptothecin in Treating Patients With Stomach Cancer or Cancer of the Esophagus

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The University of Chicago

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Gastric Cancer
Esophageal Cancer

Treatments

Drug: aminocamptothecin

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00003192
NCI-T97-0013
9025
UCCRC-9025

Details and patient eligibility

About

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of aminocamptothecin in treating patients with locally advanced, metastatic, or recurrent cancer of the stomach or esophagus.

Full description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the objective response rate of a 120 hour continuous infusion of aminocamptothecin (9-AC) in chemotherapy naive patients with adenocarcinoma of the stomach or gastroesophageal junction. II. Characterize the nature of the toxicity of 9-AC on this schedule in this patient population. III. Determine the duration of response, time to progression, and survival of this patient population. IV. Study the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of 9-AC on this schedule in these patients. OUTLINE: This is an open label, multicenter study. Patients receive intravenous aminocamptothecin by continuous infusion over 120 hours on days 1-5 and 8-12 followed by 1 week of rest for a 3 week cycle. Therapy continues for a minimum of 6 weeks (2 full cycles) unless there are unacceptable toxic effects or rapid disease progression. Dose escalation may occur in patients who complete 3 cycles of therapy without unacceptable toxicity. All patients will be followed for survival. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: This study will accrue 14-40 patients within 18 months.

Enrollment

15 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed, locally advanced, metastatic or recurrent adenocarcinoma of the stomach or gastroesophageal junction Measurable disease CNS metastases allowed provided that patient has other sites of measurable disease, is neurologically stable, and is receiving no concurrent anticonvulsant therapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: CALGB 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3500/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count at least 1500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 (no platelet transfusion within 7 days) Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL Hepatic: Total bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Transaminases no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (no greater than 5 times ULN if liver metastases) Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception No concurrent uncontrolled medical or psychiatric condition No active uncontrolled infection No prior malignant disease within the past 5 years except curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer and carcinoma in situ of the cervix

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No concurrent prophylactic growth factors Chemotherapy: One prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant 5-FU-based chemotherapy regimen allowed At least 4 weeks since prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy (6 weeks if nitrosoureas or mitomycin) and recovered No prior therapy with a topoisomerase I inhibitor No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: One prior radiotherapy regimen allowed No prior radiation therapy to only site of measurable disease At least 4 weeks since prior radiation therapy and recovered No concurrent palliative radiation therapy Surgery: Not specified Other: See Disease Characteristics No other concurrent investigational antineoplastic therapy

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

15 participants in 1 patient group

Arm A
Experimental group
Description:
9-aminocamptothecin (25 mcg/m2/hr x 120hrs, days 1-5 and 8-12 of each 3 week cycle)
Treatment:
Drug: aminocamptothecin

Trial contacts and locations

7

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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