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An Asian Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Oral Enzalutamide in Progressive Metastatic Prostate Cancer Participants

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Astellas

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3

Conditions

Progressive Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Treatments

Drug: Enzalutamide
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT02294461
9785-CL-0232
CTR20140131 (Registry Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

Purpose of the study was to assess the effect of enzalutamide on time to Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) progression as compared to placebo in chemotherapy naïve participants with progressive metastatic prostate cancer who have failed androgen deprivation therapy.

Full description

The study was a multinational Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled efficacy and safety study of oral enzalutamide (formerly MDV3100) in asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic participants with progressive metastatic prostate cancer who have disease progression despite androgen deprivation therapy. In order to join the study, participants could not have been previously treated with cytotoxic chemotherapy. Approximately 30 Chinese participants were allocated to the pharmacokinetic (PK) cohort. Participants in the PK cohort were required to be hospitalized from Day 1 before the randomization date to at least the completion of all the assessments planned on Day 3. All participants in the PK cohort underwent blood sampling for the PK analysis. Data reported in the results section was based on data cutoff dates of 20 Sept 2015 for efficacy and safety data and 20 Jan 2016 for PK outcome measures. The study completed double-blind period and is now in the open-label period.

Enrollment

395 patients

Sex

Male

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without neuroendocrine differentiation or small cell features
  • Ongoing androgen deprivation therapy with a GnRH analogue or bilateral orchiectomy
  • Progressive disease despite androgen deprivation therapy as defined by rising PSA levels or progressive soft tissue or bone disease
  • No prior treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy
  • Asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic from prostate cancer

Exclusion criteria

  • Severe concurrent disease, infection, or co-morbidity that, in the judgment of the Investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment
  • Known or suspected brain metastasis or active leptomeningeal disease
  • History of another malignancy within the previous 5 years other than curatively treated non-melanomatous skin cancer
  • History of seizure including febrile seizure or any condition that may predispose to seizure (e.g., prior stroke, brain arteriovenous malformation, head trauma with loss of consciousness requiring hospitalization).

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

395 participants in 3 patient groups

Enzalutamide
Experimental group
Description:
Participants received 160 mg of enzalutamide orally once a day during double blind period until Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) progression and radiographic disease progression were centrally confirmed and 1 of the following 2 events became applicable to the participants: (1) initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy or (2) initiation of an investigational agent for treatment of prostate cancer. Eligible participants who received enzalutamide during double blind and who provided consent to take part in open-label period continued to receive 160 mg of enzalutamide in open-label period orally once a day until PSA progression and radiographic disease progression were centrally confirmed and 1 of the following 2 events became applicable to the participants: (1) initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy or (2) initiation of an investigational agent for treatment of prostate cancer.
Treatment:
Drug: Enzalutamide
Placebo
Experimental group
Description:
Participants received enzalutamide matching placebo orally once a day during double-blind period until PSA progression and radiographic disease progression were centrally confirmed and 1 of the following 2 events became applicable to the participants: (1) initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy or (2) initiation of an investigational agent for treatment of prostate cancer.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Placebo followed by Enzalutamide
Experimental group
Description:
Eligible participants who received enzalutamide matching placebo during double-blind period and who provided consent to take part in open-label period, received 160 mg of enzalutamide orally once a day during open-label period until PSA progression and radiographic disease progression were centrally confirmed and 1 of the following 2 events became applicable to the participants: (1) initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy or (2) initiation of an investigational agent for treatment of prostate cancer.
Treatment:
Drug: Enzalutamide

Trial contacts and locations

47

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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