An Effectiveness Trial to Evaluate Protection of Children and Pregnant Women by Influenza Vaccine in Rural Bangladesh (FluEffect)

U

University of Bergen

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 4

Conditions

Influenza Viral Infections

Treatments

Biological: Inactivated influenza vaccine
Biological: Inactivated polio vaccine

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04998344
PR-19103

Details and patient eligibility

About

Annually influenza is a leading cause of severe disease and mortality particularly in young children <5 years old and pregnant women in the low and middle-income countries (LMICs) and both groups are prioritised for vaccination by the World Health Organisation (WHO). In Bangladesh, influenza is responsible for 10% of all childhood pneumonias and 9% of all death. Maternal influenza is associated with an increased risk of hospitalisation and foetal malformation. Influenza is a vaccine preventable disease, however, in most LMICs influenza vaccination is not part of the vaccination programme. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine against influenza illness among pregnant women and children in Bangladesh. Influenza vaccine has not yet been studied as combined immunization strategy in a cluster randomized trial. This study is a community-based randomised trial in both pregnant women and young children to assess the impact of inactivated influenza vaccine in preventing influenza in the community as well as population level impact by both direct and indirect effect of vaccination.

Full description

This clinical trial will be conducted in rural Matlab, Bangladesh, covered by a Maternal, Child Health and Family Planning intervention program (named MCH-FP area). Twenty villages in the Maternal, Child Health and Family Planning intervention program area will be randomized at a 1:1 ratio to receive either inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) or the control inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). Recruitment, randomization and vaccination of healthy pregnant women at 28 to 34 weeks of gestation period and children 6 to 59 months old at the time of enrolment will be carried out from fixed site clinics working in the MCH-FP area. Vaccines will be administered as a single dose regimen for the pregnant women and two doses for children at 28-days interval as recommended by the vaccine manufacturers. All pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy (n~300), and children 6 to 59 months old in 20 villages in the MCH-FP area of Matlab will be eligible for vaccination (n~3500) for the study. In addition, all residents of study villages will be included in the influenza surveillance. All vaccinated pregnant women and parents of vaccinated children 6 to 59 months old will be asked to inform the study team by phone of any respiratory illnesses or to visit the Matlab hospital. Also, all residents of the study villages will be asked to visit the Matlab hospital/fixed site clinic for any respiratory illness. Participants will receive regular SMS messages to remind them to report cases of influenza like illness (ILI). At the hospital, the medical officer will examine the sick patient and decide if the criteria of the ILI case definition are met. ILI is defined as an acute respiratory infection with: measured fever of ≥ 38 C° and cough; with onset within the last 10 days for adults; and in case of children as measured axillary temperature ≥ 38.0°C with onset within the last 10 days and at least one of the following symptoms: cough, sore throat, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, earache or ear discharge. In medically confirmed ILI cases, the trial will collect nasopharyngeal and throat swabs for confirmation of the aetiology of the infection, as well as collect serum samples from vaccinated participants Passive surveillance will continue for 18 months following completion of vaccination. Outcome measures/variables: Incidence, prevalence, seasonality and clinical descriptions of : Influenza infection including clinical pneumonia in child (fever, cough and respiratory difficulties) Influenza infection including clinical pneumonia in mother (fever, cough and respiratory difficulties) HAI antibody titres to calculate the rate of reduction of risk of influenza infection or disease in influenza vaccination pregnant women and children as well as reduction of flu infection in population of intervention and control villages Evaluation of simple sample collection methods in children to assess Influenza specific antibody responses in DBS and saliva sample Clinical and demographic risk factors associated with illness Comparisons of pregnancy outcomes and post-delivery illness/complication Clinical and laboratory confirmation of influenza and other respiratory virus in sick individuals Economic evaluation of influenza vaccination in pregnant women and children

Enrollment

3,800 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

6 months to 49 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria for Pregnant women:

  • Permanent Resident in selected villages in Matlab HDSS MCH-FP area
  • Age 18 - 49 years old
  • 28 to 34 weeks of gestation at the time of enrollment
  • Willing to stay in the study village for the next 20 months

Exclusion Criteria for Pregnant Women:

  • Refusal to provide consent for participation
  • Unable to participate in the full length of the study period
  • Known allergy to egg or any product of vaccine
  • Sick (has documented fever and respiratory illness) at the time of enrollment
  • Pregnancy with complications such as chronic pulmonary (including asthma), cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, hematologic (including sickle cell disease), or metabolic disorders (including diabetes mellitus and obesity) or neurologic and neurodevelopment conditions, cancer, immunosuppression, and, multiple pregnancy)
  • Received any vaccine /immune component in last 2 weeks
  • Participated in any research study in the last 3 months

Inclusion Criteria for Children:

  • Permanent Resident in selected villages in Matlab HDSS MCH-FP area
  • Age 6 to 59 months old
  • Parents/guardians confirm their willingness to stay in the study village for the next 20 months

Exclusion Criteria for Children:

  • Parents refuse to provide consent for participation
  • Unable to participate in the full length of the study period
  • Known allergy to egg or any product of vaccine
  • Sick children (has documented fever and respiratory illness) at the time of enrolment
  • Chronic illness such as chronic pulmonary (including asthma), cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, hematologic (including sickle cell disease), or metabolic disorders (including diabetes mellitus and obesity) or neurologic and neurodevelopment conditions, cancer, and immunosuppression
  • Received any vaccine /immune component in last 4 weeks
  • Participated in any research study in the last 3 months

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

3,800 participants in 2 patient groups

Inactivated influenza vaccine group
Experimental group
Description:
Vaccines will be administered as a single dose regimen for the pregnant women and two doses for children at 28-day interval as recommended by the vaccine manufacturers.
Treatment:
Biological: Inactivated influenza vaccine
Inactivated polio vaccine group
Active Comparator group
Description:
Vaccines will be administered as a single dose regimen for the pregnant women and two doses for children at 28-day interval as recommended by the vaccine manufacturers.
Treatment:
Biological: Inactivated polio vaccine

Trial contacts and locations

0

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location

Resources

© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems