An Innovative Supportive Care Model for Dementia and Traumatic Brain Injury

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University of Virginia

Status

Active, not recruiting

Conditions

Alzheimer Disease
Traumatic Brain Injury
Dementia Mild
Dementia Moderate
Dementia, Mixed

Treatments

Behavioral: Telehealth-delivered Care Coordination Program

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Other U.S. Federal agency

Identifiers

NCT04495686
IRB-HSR #15372

Details and patient eligibility

About

There are an increasing number of people in the U.S. with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are also common among both civilians and military personnel, and TBIs increase a person's risk for dementia. Providing care for a person with dementia is stressful. Dementia caregivers can experience difficulties including stress, depression, and reduced quality of life. Coordinated dementia care is known to benefit people with dementia and their caregivers. However, many caregivers do not have access to these supportive programs. Our project studies the benefits of telehealth as a new way for caregivers to receive coordinated dementia care services. We will offer 75 caregivers a 12-month caregiver support program delivered using telehealth (for example phones, tablets, computers). Caregivers of both Alzheimer's disease and TBI-related dementia will be included, and the program will be evaluated for effectiveness in both groups as well as in a control group. The information from our study will help improve quality of life for caregivers and individuals with dementia, including military members and Veterans. Our results will also help both civilian and military health professionals develop effective programs to support families living with dementia. Policy makers and organizational leaders can use the information to fund programs that best help families and communities facing dementia and TBI dementia.

Full description

More than 150,000 Virginians live with dementia. Most persons with dementia (PWD) are cared for by an unpaid family caregiver. These caregivers' provision of daily assistance to PWD is a critical part of the state's dementia care capabilities. Caregivers of PWD experience an array of negative biopsychosocial impacts related to their caregiving responsibilities that undermine their own well-being and their care capacity. They are often unprepared to manage the behavioral symptoms of dementia (BSD); unmanaged symptoms are associated with increased use of emergency care and institutional placement, which are burdensome outcomes for PWD, families, and public health systems. An emergent body of research associates traumatic brain injury (TBI) with increased dementia risk. Veterans with a history of TBI are therefore at increased risk of developing dementia, putting their family members at risk for the established negative impacts of caregiving. Coordinated care programs have proven beneficial for both members of the dementia caregiving dyad, yet access barriers remain. Many caregivers have competing role responsibilities that conflict with consistent dementia care access, others are located in rural areas without access to specialized dementia care. To surmount access barriers and countervail the negative impacts of caregiving, we propose an innovative, non-pharmacological intervention: a telehealth-delivered dementia care coordination program that provides family and caregiver support and will improve the quality of life (QoL) for both caregivers and PWD. A goal of our project is to fill an existing service gap by providing coordinated dementia care to an underserved population: caregivers of persons with TBI dementia. Our study will test three primary hypotheses: 1) Caregivers of persons with dementia who participate in the telehealth care coordination program will experience greater improvements in study caregiver outcomes (depression, burden, reactions to BSD and QoL) than caregivers of PWD receiving best medical treatment (BMT); 2) Caregivers who participate in the program will experience greater satisfaction with care than caregivers in the BMT group; 3) The program will comparable benefits for caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease and related dementia (PWD-ADRD) and persons with TBI dementia (PWD-TBI). In addition, our study includes three exploratory hypotheses: 1) Certain caregiver characteristics (external locus of control; lower self-efficacy, sense of hope, and self-perceived caregiver aptitude) will be negatively associated with improvements in caregiver study outcomes; 2) Caregivers in the intervention group will experience greater reductions in emergency/unnecessary health care utilization then caregivers in the BMT group; 3) The intervention will impart sustained caregiver benefits in primary study outcomes. Project specific aims include: 1) Evaluate the benefits of a telehealth-delivered care coordination program intervention for caregivers of PWD relative to best medical treatment; 2) Evaluate the impact of the intervention on caregiver satisfaction; 3) Determine the comparative effectiveness of the care coordination program between caregivers of persons with ADRD those with TBI dementia; 4) Explore caregiver characteristics that influence intervention outcomes (burden, depression, QoL, responses to BSD); and 5) Investigate whether the intervention reduces emergency and unplanned health care utilization. Our research strategy is a prospective, randomized, unblinded study investigating the benefits of a 12-month telehealth-delivered dementia care coordination intervention, with follow up assessments to examine the longevity of the intervention impacts. We will enroll 3 study groups: 50 caregivers of PWD-ADRD receiving the telehealth coordinated care intervention; 50 caregivers of PWD-ADRD receiving best medical treatment, and 25 caregivers of PWD-TBI receiving the intervention. We will collect baseline,12-, and 18-month data to examine intervention effectiveness on caregiver study outcomes and test the prolonged intervention effects. Our study uses an innovative telehealth approach to provide care for families living with dementia. Family support has important implications at the individual, family, community, and national level. Strategies to reduce caregiver burden and improve QoL for civilian and military families can lead to greater satisfaction with care and prolong caregivers' capacity to keep their loved ones at home, reducing burdens on public payment systems, including the VA. Dissemination of study results will inform state and local policy and finance decisions that can help improve the lives of the growing population of persons with dementia or TBI dementia.

Enrollment

171 patients

Sex

All

Ages

21+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Caregiver Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be at least 18 years of age
  • Self-identified primary caregiver for a community-dwelling patient with dementia (PWD)
  • Must be an unpaid caregiver
  • Basic spoken and written English language skills

Caregiver Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unwilling or unable to fulfill the requirements of the study
  • Any condition which would make the caregiver, in the opinion of the investigator, unsuitable for the study
  • No access to high-speed/broadband internet service capable of operating study teleconferencing software available

Patient with Dementia Inclusion Criteria:

  • aged 55 years or older
  • Diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD)
  • Mild to moderate dementia, including mixed dementia
  • 0-1 appointments in the multi-disciplinary long-term University of Virginia (UVA) Memory Disorder follow-up clinic (MDC)

Patient with Dementia and TBI Inclusion Criteria:

  • aged 21 years or older
  • Diagnosis of major neurocognitive disorder (MND), mild neurocognitive disorder, or Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD)
  • Diagnosis of mild to moderate dementia, including mixed dementia
  • Diagnosed with mild complicated, moderate or sever traumatic brain injury (TBI)
  • TBI event at or after the age of brain maturity, ≥25 years of age

No exclusion criteria for patients with dementia and/or traumatic brain injury.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

171 participants in 4 patient groups

Caregiver PWD-ADRD TCCI
Experimental group
Description:
Participants in the Caregiver PWD-ADRD telehealth care coordination intervention (TCCI) group will complete a 12-month telehealth-delivered care coordination program with an assigned dementia care coordinator.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Telehealth-delivered Care Coordination Program
Caregiver for PWD-ADRD (BMT)
No Intervention group
Description:
Participants in the Caregiver PWD-ADRD best medical treatment (BMT) group will not receive care coordination.
Caregiver for PWD-TBI TCCI
Experimental group
Description:
Participants in the Caregiver PWD-TBI telehealth care coordination intervention (TCCI) group will complete a 12-month telehealth-delivered care coordination program with an assigned dementia care coordinator.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Telehealth-delivered Care Coordination Program
Caregiver for PWD-TBI (BMT)
No Intervention group
Description:
Participants in the Caregiver PWD-TBI best medical treatment (BMT) group will not receive care coordination.

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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