An Open Lable Randomised Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Short Course Paromomycin in Visceral Leishmaniasis


Banaras Hindu University

Status and phase

Phase 3


Visceral Leishmaniasis


Drug: Paromomycin

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


It is a randomized, double-blind, multi-center, two-arm study intended to assess the safety and efficacy of three different doses/dose regimens of paromomycin administered intramuscularly as follows: 11 mg/kg/day for 14 days and 11 mg/kg/day for 21 days for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in India.

Full description

Paromomycin administered at a dose of 11 mg/kg/day IM for 21 days was previously demonstrated by iOWH and WHO to be as effective as amphotericin B administered IV at a dose of 1 mg/kg/every other day for a total for a total of 15 doses over 30 days in the treatment of VL in Bihar, India (protocol VLPM01) in a recently completed study (94.6% vs. 98.8% of subjects were disease free at 6 months, respectively). This new study is being conducted to determine whether similar or better efficacy and safety of IM paromomycin can be achieved with a shorter duration of treatment (14 days rather than 21 days) administered for a shorter duration (14 days rather than 21 days) than the regimen studied in the previous trial. This shorter duration study will compare the initial and final cure (response to treatment) rates in subjects with VL receiving paromomycin at the following doses and dose regimens: Group A: paromomycin 11 mg/kg/day IM for 14 days Group B: paromomycin 11 mg/kg/day IM for 21 days Because compliance generally improves with shorter duration of therapy, and better treatment compliance decreases the probability of the emergence of drug-resistant disease, administration of higher daily doses of paromomycin for a shorter time may improve efficacy without producing unacceptable toxicity. In addition, a treatment regimen of shorter duration would cost less and be easier to administer. The current study is designed to explore different doses and dose regimens of IM paromomycin to determine the dose and dose regimen that should be recommended for first-line therapy for treatment of VL, while maintaining the efficacy and safety.


329 patients




5 to 55 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Children and adults, male or female, aged 5 to 55 years, inclusive, who have provided written informed consent.
  • New or relapsed VL or prior VL treatment failure on a regimen not containing Paromomycin or AmBisome®. The diagnosis of VL must be confirmed by a parasite-positive splenic aspirate.

Exclusion criteria

  • LFT greater than 3 times ULN ( AST, ALT, S.Bilirubin, Alkaline Phosphatase, Hb < 4 gm/dl.
  • Platelet <40,000/ mm3
  • Prothrombin Time > 3 Sec. longer than Control.

Creatinine > 3 times

  • Normal Value For Male ( 0.6 to 1.1)
  • Normal Value For Female ( 0.5 to 0.9)
  • Absolute Leucocyte count- < 1,000
  • HIV infection
  • Abnormal audiometric and/or vestibular dysfunction
  • History of renal dysfunction
  • Other severe medical conditions
  • History of allergy or hypersensitivity to aminoglycosides
  • Treatment with a parenteral aminoglycoside within 28 days prior to randomisation
  • Previous VL treatment within the past 14 days
  • Previous treatment for VL with paromomycin at any time
  • Pregnancy, lactation, or lack of use of contraception in women of childbearing potential

Trial design

329 participants in 2 patient groups

Active Comparator group
Paromomycin for 21 days @ 11mg/kg
Drug: Paromomycin
Experimental group
Paromomycin for 14 days @ 11mg/kg
Drug: Paromomycin

Trial contacts and locations



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