Analgesic Efficacy of Trans-muscular Quadratus Lumborum Block After Unilateral Inguinal Hernia Repair

Cairo University (CU) logo

Cairo University (CU)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Postoperative Pain
Ultrasound Guided Nerve Block

Treatments

Other: ultrasound guided quadratus lumborum block

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03526731
N-13-2016

Details and patient eligibility

About

A significant component of pain experienced after abdominal surgery is related to incision of the abdominal wall and adequate analgesia can be a challenge. The ultrasound-guided (USG) quadratus lumborum block QLB was first described by Rafael Blanco in a presentation at ESRA 2007 at the XXVI Annual ESRA Congress in Valencia, Spain. Blanco described a potential space posterior to the abdominal wall muscles and lateral to the quadratus lumborum muscle where Local anesthetics can be injected. This technique provide analgesia after abdominal surgery due to spread of LA from its lumbar deposition cranially into the thoracic paravertebral space where lateral and anterior cutaneous branches from Th7 to L1 can be blocked . This was proved by Carney et al. who found traces of contrast agent in the TPVS following application of this block A novel USG QL block is the transmuscular approach which relies on clearly identifiable sonographic bony landmarks, Where the needle is advanced through the QL muscle, penetrating the ventral proper fascia of the QL muscle and LA is finally injected between the QL and Psoas major (PM) muscle. The transmuscular QL block does not result in redundant antero-lateral spread of the injectate. This may indicate that lower volumes of LA potentially can be used and yet provide extensive thoracolumbar anesthesia. This study was designed to compare the duration of analgesia provided by the original QLB and transmuscular QLB in patients undergoing surgical repair of unilateral inguinal hernia.

Enrollment

40 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 50 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • ASA physical status I or II, scheduled for unilateral inguinal hernia repair

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients with systemic hypertension, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular insufficiency, coagulation abnormities, renal or hepatic insufficiency, infection at the injection site, strangulated hernia and hypersensitivity to the local anesthetics

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

40 participants in 2 patient groups

Group A (original QLB-2):
Experimental group
Description:
Local anesthetic will be injected between the quadratus lumborum muscle and the latissimus dorsi muscle guided by ultrasound.
Treatment:
Other: ultrasound guided quadratus lumborum block
Group B (trans-muscular OLB-3)
Experimental group
Description:
Local anesthetic will be injected between quadratus lumborum and psoas major after passing through the quadratus lumborum muscle guided by ultrasound.
Treatment:
Other: ultrasound guided quadratus lumborum block

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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