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Analgesic Potentials of Preoperative Pregabalin,Magnesium Sulphate and Their Combination in Acute Post-thoracotomy Pain

N

National Cancer Institute, Egypt

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Postoperative Pain

Treatments

Drug: Pregabalin & Placebo
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Magnesium sulphate & Placebo
Drug: Pregabalin & Magnesium sulphate

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02678117
NCI,IRB 2010014053.3

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study evaluates the effect of giving preoperative adjuvant drug as pregabalin or magnesium sulphate or a combination of both drugs to decrease postoperative morphine consumption and pain intensity in the first 24 hours in postoperative period . quarter of patients receive single dose oral pregabalin 300mg 1 hour preoperatively ,other quarter receive single intravenous Magnesium sulphate 50mg per Kg over 200ml saline over 20 minutes preoperatively , other quarter receive combination of both drugs , the last quarter receive placebo drugs . All patients receive 0.1mg per Kg intravenous morphine sulphate intraoperatively

Full description

Magnesium (Mg) acts on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor as a non-competitive antagonist with antinociceptive effects.

Gabapentin is an alkylated analogue of gammaaminobutyric acid (GABA) developed primarily as an anticonvulsant drug. It was described as an analgesic drug for the treatment of neuropathic pain in the 1990s. Although it is named Gabapentin,it does not bind at the GABA A or GABA B receptor. It binds with high affinity for the α2δ subunit of the presynaptic voltage-gated calcium channels, which reduce calcium-dependent release of pro-nociceptive neurotransmitters in the pain pathways. Pregabalin is a structural analogue of GABA was introduced after Gabapentin. If we used these drugs in combination to opioids preoperatively as preventive analgesia may decrease postoperative opioid consumption and pain intensity.

Enrollment

120 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. ASA status of1 or 2
  2. Patients undergoing thoracotomy
  3. Body mass index (BMI): Less than forty and more than twenty.

Exclusion criteria

    1. Known sensitivity or contraindication to drugs used in the study. 2. History of psychological disorders and/or chronic pain. 3. Patients receiving medical therapies that are considered to result in tolerance to opioids.
  1. Significant liver or kidney diseases that will affects the pharmacokinetics of study drugs.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

120 participants in 4 patient groups, including a placebo group

Pregabalin & placebo
Active Comparator group
Description:
: will receive single dose oral Pregabalin 300 mg one hour preoperative and 200 ml of normal saline over 20 min.
Treatment:
Drug: Pregabalin & Placebo
Magnesium sulphate & Placebo
Active Comparator group
Description:
will receive preoperative single dose IV Magnesium Sulphate 50mg /kg infused over 20 minutes diluted in 200 ml normal saline and a placebo capsule similar to pregabalin 300 mg.
Treatment:
Drug: Magnesium sulphate & Placebo
Pregabalin & Magnesium sulphate
Active Comparator group
Description:
: will receive single dose oral pregabalin 300mg one hour preoperative and single dose IV Magnesium Sulphate 50mg /kg infused over 20 minutes diluted in 200 ml normal saline.
Treatment:
Drug: Pregabalin & Magnesium sulphate
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
will receive placebo medications at the same time and route of administration of other groups.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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