Anesthetic Neurotoxicity: the Association Between General Anesthesia and the Level of Plasma Neurofilament Light (ANESTOX-2019)

C

Cardiocentro Ticino

Status

Unknown

Conditions

General Anesthetics Toxicity

Treatments

Drug: General anesthetic

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04164329
2019-01739

Details and patient eligibility

About

A prospective controlled single centre study designed to determine the association between the exposure to anesthetic agents and the pre and postoperative changes in plasma Neurofilament Light levels, biomarkers of neurological injury, in patients with similar surgical intervention but different anesthetic techniques. Secondary endpoints: Association between the changes in plasma Neurofilament Light levels and the development of post-operative neurocognitive disorders as acute delirium.

Full description

Our intent is to evaluate the impact of the general anesthesia on the Central Nervous System, trying to minimize the surgical bias as much as possible. For this purpose, it is necessary to consider two groups of patients who undergo to similar surgical intervention, but with exposed to different anesthetic techniques. In particular, one group with local anesthesia and one group with general anesthesia. The population sample will be composed of all patients who satisfy the inclusion and exclusion criteria and scheduled for the implantation of pacemaker (PM) - a procedure that require a local anesthesia - and the implantation of a cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), a cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemaker (CRT-P) and a cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) at the Cardiocentro Ticino Lugano, procedures usually realize under general anesthesia. The population sample will be divided in two groups: the non-exposed group, or control group, will be composed by the patients undergo PM implantation (without anesthesia) and the exposed group will be composed by the patients that undergo CRT/ICD implantation (general anesthesia). Inclusion criteria: Same type of surgery: ICD,CRT-P, CRT-D and PM implantation; Age > 18 years old Patients who have expressed their consent to the participation of the study Exclusion criteria: - Patients with history of neurodegenerative diseases and neurocognitive disorders: the presence of these disorders could influence the level of the neuro-markers. No change will be applied to normal clinical practice: we'll collect two blood samples, taken from routine samples already performed in our clinical practice, for the dosage of Neurofilament Light plasma levels before (t0) and after the procedure (t+24h). Our intent is to compare the NF-L plasma levels delta (pre or t0 - postoperative or t24) between the exposed group (general anesthesia) and the not exposed group (local anesthesia). Blood samples will be collected and stored in EDTA at the times specified above and anonymized. The samples, post anonymization, will be send to the University Hospital of Basel (Basel, Switzerland) where the plasma concentration of neurodegeneration markers will be blindly measured using the SiMoA neurology 4-plex assay. The neurological status of the patients will be monitored daily during the first 2 days of the post-operative course in intensive care or in the ward. The screening of the phenomenon will be carried out by the nursing staff through the CAM-ICU and CAM (screening), in accordance with the internal protocols. The screening will be performed and documented at least three times a day or when the need is detected by the nursing staff. Any diagnosis of delirium will be certified by the neurologist. Exams or procedures that differ from normal clinical practice will not be performed, except for the dosage of Neurofilament Light.

Enrollment

120 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Same type of surgery: ICD,CRT-P, CRT-D and PM implantation;
  • Age > 18 years old
  • Patients who have expressed their consent to the participation of the study

Exclusion criteria

- Patients with history of neurodegenerative diseases and neurocognitive disorders: the presence of these disorders could influence the level of the neuro-markers.

Trial design

120 participants in 2 patient groups

Exposed group
Description:
The exposed group will be composed by the patients that undergo CRT/ICD implantation (general anesthesia).
Treatment:
Drug: General anesthetic
Not exposed group
Description:
The non-exposed group, or control group, will be composed by the patients undergo PM implantation (without anesthesia)

Trial contacts and locations

0

Loading...

Central trial contact

Stefania SB Buson, Dr.; Tiziano TC Cassina, Professor

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location

Resources

© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems