Angiotensin-II Receptor Antibodies Blockade With Losartan in Patients With Lupus Nephritis

I

Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Lupus Nephritis
Atherosclerosis

Treatments

Drug: Enalapril
Drug: Losartan

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03526042
NMM-1816,16/16-1

Details and patient eligibility

About

Antibodies directed against angiotensin-II receptor (AT1-Ab) are agonist antibodies previously studied in human diseases such as preeclampsia, transplantation and scleroderma. They act by binding to the AT1 receptor and their effects can be blocked with the use of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB). In this randomized open clinical trial the investigators will study the effect of the blockade of AT1-Ab with losartan in carotid intima-media thickness progression in patients with lupus nephritis compared to patients treated with enalapril.

Full description

Angiotensin-II type 1 receptor antibodies (AT1R-Ab) are agonist antibodies directed against the second loop of the AT1 receptor. These antibodies have been studied in human diseases such as preeclampsia, transplantation and scleroderma. A previous study from the investigators' group found an elevated prevalence of AT1R-Ab in patients with lupus nephritis. As these antibodies have been linked to atherosclerosis development this open randomized clinical trial was designed to evaluate the effect of AT1R-Ab blockade with losartan compared to the use of enalapril in the progression of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in patients with active lupus nephritis. Biopsy-proven lupus nephritis patients who tested positive for AT1R-Ab will be performed a CIMT measurement by Doppler ultrasound at the time of the biopsy and then at 12-months follow up. The primary outcome will be the change in the CIMT in the course of 12 months in both groups.

Enrollment

40 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

16 to 50 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Signed consent form for the study
  • Biopsy-proven lupus nephritis with proteinuria > 1.5g/g by 24 hour urine protein to creatinine ratio
  • Need for immunosuppressive induction to remission therapy according to the treatment physician
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus diagnosis based on at least 4 American College of Rheumatology criteria
  • Age between 16 and 50 years

Exclusion criteria

  • Patient does not want to participate in the study
  • Comorbid disease such as diabetes mellitus with macro/microangiopathy, previous diagnosis of hypertension >5 years, scleroderma
  • Comorbid findings in the histopathological analysis of the renal biopsy

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

40 participants in 2 patient groups

Losartan
Experimental group
Description:
AT1R-ab effect can be blocked with the use of angiotensin-II receptor blockers. The participants will receive losartan.
Treatment:
Drug: Losartan
Enalapril
Active Comparator group
Description:
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors are indicated in the management of active lupus nephritis but do not block the effect of AT1R-Ab.
Treatment:
Drug: Enalapril

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Luis E Morales-Buenrostro, PhD; Juan M Mejia-Vilet, MD,MSc

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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