Antiepileptic Drugs and Osteoporotic Prevention Trial (ADOPT)


Boston VA Research Institute, Inc.

Status and phase

Phase 4


Bone Loss


Drug: Risedronate
Drug: Placebo + Calcium and Vitamin D

Study type


Funder types

Other U.S. Federal agency



Details and patient eligibility


Study Design: (e.g., Controlled, Double-Blind, Randomized, Parallel): Randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled of a bisphosphonate in the prevention of bone loss associated with the use of antiepileptic drugs.

Full description

The study is planned to last two years. You will be required to make a total of 6 visits to the clinic during this two year study period. At the first visit, 12 months and, approximately 24 months, you will have a bone mineral density test (BMD) of your hip and spine. A BMD is similar to having an x-ray and is a test that measures the amount of bone. This test takes approximately 15 minutes. Radiation exposure during this test is very low. It has been estimated that the total radiation exposure from a bone mineral density measurement is lower than that of a dental x-ray. At each follow up visit an assessment will be made for side effects and whether or not you followed the prescribed treatment. Initially, information collected will include height, weight, seizure history and seizure medication history, other medical conditions, bone and muscle symptoms you currently have, dietary calcium intake, and exercise. Blood will be drawn at the initial and 5 follow-up visits. The purpose of this is to test your blood for organ function, calcium levels, vitamin D levels and levels of markers that show high bone turnover. Also at each visit your height and weight will be checked and you will be asked questions regarding side effects, adherence to treatment and quality of life. When you agree to participate, you will be randomized to either risedronate 35mg tablet (Actonel ®) or placebo (a fake pill) to take once a week. Randomization is a process in which you will have an equal chance (like the flip of a coin) to be assigned to either risedronate (Actonel ®) or placebo. A computer program will determine your treatment assignment. Also during the study you will be provided with calcium and vitamin D tablets to take either two or three times each day depending on your dietary calcium intake. At the first visit you will be assessed for changeable risk factors for osteoporosis. These include smoking, alcohol consumption, and lack of physical activity, poor nutrition and lack of vitamin intake. Also, blood will be drawn to see if you have a low male hormone. If you are found to have low male hormone, you will be referred to your primary care provider. If you have low male hormone levels, you will be eligible to participate in the study if testosterone replacement has been offered to you and you have declined treatment. If you decide to be treated with testosterone you are not eligible to participate in this study. Education will be provided on exercises for bones. If you smoke, you will be counseled on quitting although quitting is not a requirement to participate in the study. If you drink a lot of alcohol you will be counseled on reducing your intake and offered help. Reducing or quitting alcohol is not a requirement for your participation in this study. You can also meet with a registered dietician for nutritional counseling.


80 patients




18 to 85 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Male gender
  • Epilepsy
  • Anti-epileptic drug treatment with phenytoin, or phenobarbital or valproate sodium
  • Normal renal function and normal Vitamin D and calcium levels

Exclusion criteria

  • Female gender
  • Organ transplant
  • Use of oral glucocorticoids
  • Renal insufficiency (eGFR < 30ml/min)
  • Severe swallowing disorder
  • Severe esophagitis
  • Patients taking sodium valproate for reasons other than epilepsy
  • Previous treatment with osteoporosis drugs such as bisphosphonates, calcitonin or PTH analog

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Quadruple Blind

80 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Active Comparator group
Active drug
Drug: Risedronate
Placebo + Calcium and Vitamin D
Placebo Comparator group
All patients both on placebo and active bisphosphonate to receive calcium and vitamin D
Drug: Placebo + Calcium and Vitamin D

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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