Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Multi-target Therapy in Lupus Nephritis

Z

Zhi-Hong Liu, M.D.

Status

Completed

Conditions

Lupus Nephritis

Treatments

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Tacrolimus+Mycophenolate mofetil

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00876616
NJCT-0901

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of multi-target therapy in the treatment of class Ⅲ,Ⅳ,Ⅴ,Ⅲ+Ⅴand Ⅳ+Ⅴ lupus nephritis.

Full description

To assess the efficacy of FK506 combined with MMF vs intravenous cyclophosphamide (CTX) pulses in treatment of class Ⅲ,Ⅳ,Ⅴ,Ⅲ+Ⅴand Ⅳ+Ⅴ Lupus Nephritis (LN). To investigate the safety and tolerability of FK506 combined with MMF vs intravenous CTX pulses in the treatment of class Ⅲ,Ⅳ,Ⅴ,Ⅲ+Ⅴand Ⅳ+Ⅴ LN.

Enrollment

362 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Written informed consent by subject or guardian
  2. 18 to 65 years of age (inclusive 18 and 65), male or female
  3. Diagnosis of SLE according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria (1997)
  4. Diagnosis of Class Ⅲ,Ⅳ,Ⅴ,Ⅲ+Ⅴand Ⅳ+ⅤLN according to the ISN/RPS 2003 classification by light, immunofluorescence, and electron microscopy within 6 months before enrollment
  5. Pathologic chronic index (CI) ≤3' without thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA)
  6. SLE Disease Activity Index (DAI) >10'
  7. Proteinuria ≥1.5g/d,with or without active urinary sediment
  8. Serum creatinine (Scr)≤3.0mg/dl (265.2 mol/L)

Exclusion criteria

  1. Previous treatment with MMF, CTX, tacrolimus, Cyclosporin A (CsA), large doses of immunoglobulin and methylprednisolone (MP), plasmapheresis or renal replacement therapy within the past 12 weeks. Oral glucocorticoids, azathioprine, intravenous MP (≤80mg/d), short-time CsA (<2 weeks) or leflunomide (<4 weeks) are allowed

  2. ALT or AST increase twice above the upper limit of the normal range

  3. Hyperglycemia is defined as fasting blood glucose level ≥7.0 mmol/L and/or postprandial blood sugar level>11.1 mmol/L

  4. Known hypersensitivity or contraindication to any components of MMF, tacrolimus, CTX or glucocorticoids

  5. History of present illness:

    1. active HBV infection (HBsAg, HBeAg and anti-HBc positive or HBsAg, anti- HBe and anti-HBc positive), HCV infection, pulmonary tuberculosis, cytomegalovirus(CMV) infection (defined as CMV-IgM positive or CMV-DNA positive), fungal infection or HIV infection, within 3 months before the enrollment
    2. non-healed active peptic ulcer within 3 months before the enrollment
    3. drug or drinking abuse
    4. malnutrition (BMI <18.5kg/m2) or body weight <50Kg
  6. Other active diseases, such as:

    1. severe cardiovascular diseases
    2. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)or asthma requiring oral glucocorticoids
    3. marrow depression not due to SLE activation: white blood cell count <3000/mm3 or neutrophil count <1300/mm3 or platelet count <50000/mm3
  7. Severe infection or need of antibiotic therapy

  8. Female patients who are pregnant/breastfeeding or those patients (both gender) who refused contraception

  9. Life-threatening complications such as large hydropericardium, pneumohemorrhagia, lupus encephalopathy and severe pulmonary hypertension or patients in need of MP pulse (>0.5g/d ) treatment because of aggravation of SLE

  10. Known to be non-compliance or violation of the protocol base on investigator's judgement

  11. Patient who participate of any other investigational drug study.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

362 participants in 2 patient groups

Tacrolimus+Mycophenolate mofetil
Experimental group
Description:
FK506 4mg/d+MMF 1.0g/d
Treatment:
Drug: Tacrolimus+Mycophenolate mofetil
Cyclophosphamide
Active Comparator group
Description:
CTX iv 0.75 g/m2 body surface area (BSA)
Treatment:
Drug: Cyclophosphamide

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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