Assessment of Efficacy and Safety of Durvalumab Plus BCG Compared to the Standard Therapy With BCG in Non-muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (POTOMAC)

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AstraZeneca

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3

Conditions

Non-muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer

Treatments

Biological: Durvalumab (MEDI4736)
Biological: Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT03528694
D419JC00001
2017-002979-26 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a randomized, open-label, multi-center, global, phase III study to determine the efficacy and safety of Durvalumab + BCG combination therapy in the treatment of patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer

Full description

Patients will be randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to receive treatment with Durvalumab + BCG combination therapies, or Standard of Care (SoC) therapy.

Enrollment

1,018 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 130 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria: For inclusion in the study, patients should fulfill the following criteria:

  • Aged at least 18 years

  • BCG-naïve (patients who have not received prior intravesical BCG or who previously received but stopped BCG more than 3 years before study entry are eligible)

  • Local histological confirmation (based on pathology report) of high-risk transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium of the urinary bladder confined to the mucosa or submucosa. A high risk tumor is defined as one of the following

    • T1 tumor
    • High grade/ G3 tumor
    • CIS
    • Multiple and recurrent and large (with diameter of largest tumor ≥3 cm) tumors (all conditions must be met in this point)
  • Complete resection of all Ta/T1 papillary disease prior to randomization, with the TURBT removing high-risk NMIBC performed not more than 4 months before randomization in the study. Patients with residual CIS after TURBT are eligible

  • No prior radiotherapy for bladder cancer

  • No prior exposure to immune-mediated therapy of cancer including, but not limited to, other anti CTLA-4, anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, and anti-programmed cell death ligand 2 antibodies. Patients who have been treated with anticancer vaccines will be excluded

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients should not enter the study if any of the following exclusion criteria are fulfilled:

  • Evidence of muscle-invasive, locally advanced, metastatic, and/or extra vesical bladder cancer (ie, T2, T3, T4, and / or stage IV)

  • Concurrent extravesical (ie, urethra, ureter, or renal pelvis), non-muscle-invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium

  • Previous investigational product (IP) assignment in the present study

  • Any concurrent chemotherapy, IP, biologic, or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy for noncancer related conditions (eg, hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable. Chemotherapy for previous instances of NMIBC is acceptable.

  • Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease [eg, colitis or Crohn's disease], diverticulitis [with the exception of diverticulosis], systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, or Wegener syndrome [granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc]). The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    • Patients with vitiligo or alopecia
    • Patients with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement
    • Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy
    • Patients without active disease in the last 5 years may be included but only after consultation with the Study Physician
    • Patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone
  • History of another primary malignancy except for

    • Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease ≥ 2 years before the first dose of IP and of low potential risk for recurrence during the study period
    • Adequately treated nonmelanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna withoutevidence of disease
    • Adequately treated CIS without evidence of disease
    • Prostate cancer (tumor/node/metastasis stage) of stage ≤ T2cN0M0 without biochemical recurrence or progression that in the opinion of the Investigator does not require active intervention
  • Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab. The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    • Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (eg, intra articular injection)
    • Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent
    • Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (eg, computed tomography [CT] scan premedication)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

1,018 participants in 3 patient groups

Durvalumab plus BCG (induction + maintenance)
Experimental group
Description:
Durvalumab (MEDI4736) plus Bacillus Calmette-Guerrin (BCG) combination therapy
Treatment:
Biological: Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)
Biological: Durvalumab (MEDI4736)
Durvalumab plus BCG (induction only)
Experimental group
Description:
Durvalumab (MEDI4736) plus Bacillus Calmette-Guerrin (BCG) combination therapy
Treatment:
Biological: Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)
Biological: Durvalumab (MEDI4736)
BCG treatment (Standard of care therapy)
Active Comparator group
Description:
Bacillus Calmette-Guerrin (BCG) standard of care treatment
Treatment:
Biological: Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)

Trial contacts and locations

120

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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