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Assessment of the Prevalence of Small Fiber Peripheral Neuropathy Among Non-diabetic Obese Patients (NEUROBISITE)

F

Fondation Hôpital Saint-Joseph

Status

Completed

Conditions

Neuropathology

Treatments

Device: Exams

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02767583
Neuropathies and obesity

Details and patient eligibility

About

Background / rational:

Obesity is associated with significant comorbidities including type 2 diabetes (insulin resistance), heart disease, stroke, hypertension, sleep apnea syndrome, dyslipidemia, cancer, hepatobiliary diseases, orthopedic complications and psychosocial impact 1 .

Peripheral neuropathy is a known complication in the type I and II diabetes and glucose intolerance and metabolic syndrome in 2. Outside of diabetes (type I and II) that are associated with cardiovascular risk high vascular, presence of metabolic syndrome constitutes in itself a well demonstrated vascular risk factor. Its definition requires the presence of three elements from the following 5: abdominal obesity (high waist circumference), high blood pressure, high fasting blood sugar, high triglycerides and / low HDL-cholesterol 3.

This peripheral neuropathy predominantly affects sensory fibers of small poorly myelinated diameter (Aδ fibers and C) and autonomous sensory fibers and is called small fiber neuropathy 4. The cardinal sign of NAION is the presence of neuropathic pain but abnormalities in physical examination are often absent and conventional electromyography is faulted to make the diagnosis. These small fibers are also constituent of the autonomic nervous system and causes damage autonomic dysfunction that can manifest the cardiovascular system (hypotension, cardiac conduction disorders), digestive, sweat, sphincter. neuropathy of the diagnosis of small fibers is suggested clinically by the presence of neuropathic pain often contrasting with a normal clinical examination. The confirmation is based on electrophysiology with various techniques and quantification of intra-epidermal nerve fibers.

Main objective / secondary:

Primary objective :

To determine the prevalence of a small fiber peripheral neuropathy in nondiabetic obese patients, by measuring skin conductance ion Chlorine (Sudoscan®) evaluating small fibers C autonomic

Secondary objectives:

  • Evaluation of the prevalence of occurrence of peripheral neuropathy by Sudoscan® during follow-up after treatment of obese patients with bariatric surgery (months) M1, 3, 6, 9, 12.
  • Correlation of results obtained Sudoscan® quantitative sensory testing (QST) Thermotest® evaluating small sensory fibers Aδ, among non-operated non-diabetic obese patients and in the postoperative follow-up (months) M1, 3, 6, 9, 12.
  • Characterization of electromyographic parameters (motor and sensory conduction) in patients with a skin conductance measured by lowered Sudoscan® and / or a threshold of sensitivity to pain increased Thermotest®.
  • Correlation between the presence of a small fiber neuropathy in non-diabetic obese subjects with clinical and biological parameters collected.

Methodology Design: prospective, single-center Study duration: 24 months (estimate: 3-5 patients included / week of 15 patients collected in central obesity / week) including 12 months of inclusion.

Number of topics to include: 100 over a period of one year to adjust to the rhythm of the inclusions.

As mentioned, patients will be a measure of impedance of the skin to products chlorine ions by the sweat glands via the Sudoscan®, marketed and used among diabetic patients or not for the detection of violations neuropathic (cf. references and CE certificate attached to the dossier).

The Thermotest® is also marketed and used in diabetic and non-diabetic patients (see references and CE certificate attached to the dossier).

Our center has gained experience of these techniques for the detection of peripheral neuropathy in several patient populations (diabetes and cancer in particular); manipulators (doctors and technicians) are trained in these techniques.

Full description

Main objective / secondary:

Primary objective :

To determine the prevalence of a small fiber peripheral neuropathy in nondiabetic obese patients, by measuring skin conductance ion Chlorine (Sudoscan®) evaluating small fibers C autonomic

Secondary objectives:

Evaluation of the prevalence of occurrence of peripheral neuropathy by Sudoscan® during follow-up after treatment of obese patients with bariatric surgery (months) M1, 3, 6, 9, 12. Correlation of results obtained Sudoscan® quantitative sensory testing (QST) Thermotest® evaluating small sensory fibers Aδ, among non-operated non-diabetic obese patients and in the postoperative follow-up (months) M1, 3, 6, 9, 12. Characterization of electromyographic parameters (motor and sensory conduction) in patients with a skin conductance measured by lowered Sudoscan® and / or a threshold of sensitivity to pain increased Thermotest®. Correlation between the presence of a small fiber neuropathy in non-diabetic obese subjects with clinical and biological parameters collected.

Inclusion / non-inclusion:

Inclusion criteria:

morbidly obese patients:

BMI 35-55 kg / m², Male or female, Age> 18 and <60 years, Consultant for the first time at the Centre of obesity of Paris Saint Joseph Hospital Group.

Exclusion criteria:

Diabetes known treaty Co-morbidity related to obesity: heart disease, respiratory failure

Other causes of peripheral neuropathy:

Alcohol Poisoning Renal failure (clearance ≤ 60 mL / min) Infection HIV, hepatitis B, C Deficiencies vitamins B1, B6, B12, folate Treatment with vitamin B6 thyroid disease antecedent Previous history of autoimmune disease Previous history of cancer Previous history of neurotoxic treatment (chemotherapy, etc. see list provided in annex) ICU hospitalization antecedent> 48 hours. known history of peripheral neuropathy.

Development of the study:

If patients the eligibility criteria, it will be proposed at the first consultation in central obesity, participate in a clinical study to assess the prevalence of subclinical damage peripheral nerves by simple and painless rapid measurement of skin conductance on the palm of the feet with the Sudoscan® device during the consultation and a Thermotest®, as well as monitoring during the various follow-up consultation after any bariatric surgery or not. This monitoring will be done by the same neurophysiological tests.

During the preoperative assessment that will be conducted in the planned hospital in Diabetology Service, written information will be given to patient and no objection will be drawn, then the following tests will be done: The measurement of skin conductance by Sudoscan® and the extent of the painful sensitivity to temperature Thermotest® will be made for all patients included in the study. If the records Sudoscan® skin conductance less than 60μS, we propose a Electroneuromyography the patient as usual on GHPSJ. Measurement of weight, height, waist circumference and hip circumference patient The DN4 scale and Uens clinical neuropathy score. A measurement of blood pressure will be A biological sample will be taken on an empty stomach. For patients with plantar skin conductance will be lowered <60μSiemens and / or whose pain threshold will warm significantly elevated (Thermotest®), if necessary electromyogram will be realized in the second time (appointment given to the output consultation with the endocrinologist. During the postoperative follow-up usually expected for this type of surgery, 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months will be made the same clinical examinations than those made during the preoperative assessment and the type of surgery performed. Laboratory tests will be carried out in the usual care for surgical patients.

Methodology Design: prospective, single-center Study duration: 24 months (estimate: 3-5 patients included / week of 15 patients collected in central obesity / week) including 12 months of inclusion.

Number of topics to include: 100 over a period of one year to adjust to the rhythm of the inclusions.

As mentioned, patients will be a measure of impedance of the skin to products chlorine ions by the sweat glands via the Sudoscan®, marketed and used among diabetic patients or not for the detection of violations neuropathic (cf. references and CE certificate attached to the dossier).

The Thermotest® is also marketed and used in diabetic and non-diabetic patients (see references and CE certificate attached to the dossier).

Our center has gained experience of these techniques for the detection of peripheral neuropathy in several patient populations (diabetes and cancer in particular); manipulators (doctors and technicians) are trained in these techniques.

Data collection for each patient:

Clinical data:

Age Gender BMI Size Weight Waist Hips Report on waist hips Blood pressure: systolic, diastolic, mean Score Questionnaire DN4 (presence or absence of neuropathic pain) Score Uens

electrophysiological data

o skin conductance (μSiemens) measured by the Sudoscan®

Plants Average feet (right, left)

Thermotest®: average score of sensitivity threshold to pain in plantar warm level (average of the soles of both feet). Electromyography:

Sensitive Conduction:

• sural nerve left and right (lateral malleolus collection, antidromic calf stimulation), radial nerve left and right (wrist collection, antidromic stimulation forearm)

Amplitude (mV) VCS (sensory conduction velocity m / s)

Motor Conduction:

Sciatic nerve popliteal internal right and left (short collection flexor hallucis longus, ankle stimulation)

distal motor latency (ms) amplitude of CMAP (mV) Latency wave F shortest (ms).

tibial nerve left and right anterior (short collection extensor hallucis longus, ankle stimulation under neck of the fibula, above-neck of the fibula)

distal motor latency (ms) Amplitude of PGAM 3 to stimulation points (mV) PNT leg and neck of the fibula (m / s). Latency wave F shortest (ms).

EMG needle:

Muscles studied: tibialis anterior right, wide left inner, right brachioradialis. Rest Activities: yes / no

Activation Pattern:

normal Interferential Intermediate with poor temporal summation Poor with temporal summation Single with temporal summation

Biological data:

Fasting glucose HbA1c Triglycerides Total cholesterol HDL cholesterol LDL Cholesterol uricaemia SGOT, SGPT, gammaGT urea, creatinine creatinine clearance Microalbuminuria on sample serum folate, vitamins D, B1 and B12, calcemia albumin NFS, CRP Electrophoresis + plasma protein immunofixation.

Data processing :

For each subject will be awarded an identifier (original name and surname - year of birth) and the data will be entered on a computer file which will be sent to the statistician in charge of analyzing the GHPSJ site. There will be no exchange of personal data.

Statistical analysis :

The patient will be considered to have a small fiber neuropathy, symptomatic or not, when the skin conductance of chloride ions will be below the threshold for 60μSiemens soles. The prevalence shall be calculated from that definition.

Stratified by age will be made during the statistical analysis.

A test will be performed to analyze the statistical relationship between:

Skin conductance AND

BMI, size, Girth Waist circumference ratio / hip circumference Sex, DN4 score, The score Uens, The biological parameters studied: fasting blood glucose, HbA1c, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, CRP, serum uric acid. Threshold of pain sensitivity warm on the feet by Thermotest. Type of surgery for surgical patients.

Ethics / Regulatory:

The patient will be informed orally of the objective of the study, a leaflet it will also be provided (attached); its information and not be drawn opposition in his file.

All tests are part of the normal patient care. The ethics of the CPP Ile de France approved this study on march 15th 2015. The manager research center will be the hospital group Paris Saint-Joseph (GHPSJ).

partnerships

Impeto the company, the manufacturer will provide Sudoscan® (loan agreement) the machine for the duration of the study.

GHPSJ ensure the neurologist time, diabetologist, biologist and ARC necessary and will provide the Thermotest® machine for the duration of the study.

Conflicts of interest :

No conflict of interest.

Enrollment

16 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • morbidly obese patients:
  • BMI 35-55 kg / m²
  • Male or female
  • Age> 18 and <60 years
  • Consultant for the first time at the Centre of obesity of Paris Saint Joseph Hospital Group.

Exclusion criteria

  • Diabetes known treaty
  • Co-morbidity related to obesity: heart disease, respiratory failure
  • Other causes of peripheral neuropathy:
  • Alcohol Poisoning
  • Renal failure (clearance ≤ 60 mL / min)
  • Infection HIV, hepatitis B, C
  • Deficiencies vitamins B1, B6, B12, folate
  • Treatment with vitamin B6
  • thyroid disease antecedent
  • Previous history of autoimmune disease
  • Previous history of cancer
  • Previous history of neurotoxic treatment (chemotherapy, etc. see list provided in annex)
  • ICU hospitalization antecedent> 48 hours.
  • known history of peripheral neuropathy.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Screening

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

16 participants in 1 patient group

Non diabetic obese
Experimental group
Description:
Non diabetic obese with BMI 35-55 kg / m2 consulting for the first time at the Centre of obesity of Paris Saint Joseph Hospital Group will got a themotest and Sudoscan exams de determine their neuropathology.
Treatment:
Device: Exams

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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