Augmenting Response to Entecavir With Peginterferon a-2a for the Treatment of HBeAg-positive Chronic Hepatitis B (ARES)

F

Foundation for Liver Research

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Chronic Hepatitis B

Treatments

Drug: Entecavir
Drug: pegylated interferon a-2a

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00877760
HBV 09-01

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to investigate whether it is possible to augment the response of patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B to entecavir by using a temporary peginterferon alpha-2a add-on strategy

Enrollment

184 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Chronic hepatitis B (HBsAg positive > 6 months)
  • HBeAg positive, anti-HBe negative at screening
  • ALT > 1.3 x ULN within 60 days prior to screening and during screening
  • Liver biopsy performed within 2 years prior to screening or during screening
  • Age > 18 years
  • Written informed consent
  • Adequate contraception for males and females during treatment and follow up; negative pregnancy test (for women of childbearing potential)

Exclusion criteria

  • Antiviral therapy against HBV within the previous 6 months
  • Treatment with any investigational drug within 30 days of screening
  • Previous treatment with lamivudine or telbivudine for more than six months
  • Severe hepatitis activity as documented by ALT>10 x ULN
  • History of decompensated cirrhosis (defined as jaundice in the presence of cirrhosis, ascites, bleeding gastric or esophageal varices or encephalopathy)
  • Pre-existent neutropenia (neutrophils < 1,500/mm3) or thrombocytopenia (platelets < 90,000/mm3)
  • Co-infection with hepatitis C virus or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Other acquired or inherited causes of liver disease (i.e. alcoholic liver disease, obesity induced liver disease, drug related liver disease, auto-immune hepatitis, hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease or alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency)
  • Alpha fetoprotein > 50 ng/ml
  • Hyper- or hypothyroidism (subjects requiring medication to maintain TSH levels in the normal range are eligible if all other inclusion/exclusion criteria are met)
  • Immune suppressive treatment within the previous 6 months
  • Contra-indications for alpha-interferon therapy like suspected hypersensitivity to interferon or PEG-interferon or any known pre-existing medical condition that could interfere with the patient's participation in and completion of the study.
  • Pregnancy, lactation
  • Other significant medical illness that might interfere with this study: significant pulmonary dysfunction in the previous 6 months, malignancy other than skin basocellular carcinoma in previous 5 years, immunodeficiency syndromes (e.g. HIV positivity, auto-immune diseases, organ transplants other than cornea and hair transplant)
  • Any medical condition requiring, or likely to require chronic systemic administration of steroids, during the course of the study
  • Substance abuse, such as alcohol (> 80 g/day), I.V. drugs and inhaled drugs in the past 2 years.
  • Any other condition which in the opinion of the principal investigator would make the patient unsuitable for enrollment, or could interfere with the patient participating in and completing the study

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

184 participants in 2 patient groups

ETV + pegIFN
Experimental group
Description:
Patients receive Entecavir in a dosage of 0.5 mg once daily per os from day 0, up to week 48. From week 24 to week 48, they also receive pegylated-interferon a-2a in a dose of 180 μg per week s.c. At week 48, response will be assessed. Responders will continue to take Entecavir until week 72, and quit subsequently. Non-responders at week 48 will continue on Entecavir up to week 96.
Treatment:
Drug: pegylated interferon a-2a
Drug: Entecavir
ETV
Active Comparator group
Description:
Patients receive Entecavir in a dosage of 0.5 mg once daily per os from day 0, up to week 48. At week 48, response will be assessed. Responders will continue to take Entecavir until week 72, and quit subsequently. Non-responders at week 48 will continue on Entecavir up to week 96.
Treatment:
Drug: Entecavir

Trial contacts and locations

13

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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