AXP107-11 in Combination With Standard Gemcitabine (Gemzar® ) Therapy for Treatment in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

A

Axcentua Pharmaceuticals

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 2
Phase 1

Conditions

Adenocarcinoma

Treatments

Drug: AXP107-11

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT01182246
AXP-CT-001

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to assess the effect and safety of AXP107-11 alone, and in combination with gemcitabine standard therapy, in patients with advanced or metastatic cancer of the pancreas. The safety, pharmacokinetics and efficacy of AXP107-11 in these patients will also be studied.

Full description

The annual incidence rate of pancreatic cancer is almost identical to the mortality rate. Despite a low incidence rate, pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer mortality in both men and women. Today is the only potentially curative option of these patients complete surgical resection. However, a majority of the patients (up to 80%) are not eligible for surgery for different reasons. Today is gemcitabine the accepted first-line treatment for these patients. Recent advances in the management of pancreatic cancer suggest that gemcitabine may be improved by combining it with other anticancer drugs. One attractive therapeutic option is genistein. Genistein appears to sensitize tumors to chemotherapy both by targeting the tumor cells and also by targeting components of the tumor microenvironment. However, the limited bioavailability of genistein in its known crystalline form has led to difficulties in attaining adequate plasma concentration, resulting in limited application and dissemination in the clinical setting. To overcome this limitation, a novel crystalline form of genistein with improved pharmaceutical properties is being used. AXP107-11, a crystalline salt of genistein has improved physiochemical properties (solubility, dissolution rate, bioavailability) as compared to the known crystalline form of genistein. In this study, AXP107-11, will be investigated alone and in combination with gemcitabine in patients with pancreatic cancer.

Enrollment

44 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Age ≥ 18 years at the time of signing the informed consent
  2. Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
  3. Metastatic or locally advanced, unresectable disease stage III-IV.
  4. Measurable disease according to the international criteria proposed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid tumors (RECIST) for target lesions
  5. Karnofsky Performance Status ≥ 70 at study entry (Appendix 18.4).
  6. Life expectancy of more than three months
  7. Negative pregnancy test for female patients
  8. For fertile women, willingness to perform double-barrier contraception during study and for four weeks after last treatment
  9. Able and willing to sign the informed consent form

Exclusion criteria

  1. Previous or ongoing severe supraventricular or ventricular arrhythmia

  2. Previous or ongoing coagulation or bleeding disorder (PTT > 1.5 x ULN)

  3. HIV infection

  4. Known hypersensitivity to any component of the AXP107-11 formulation or gemcitabine

  5. Previous or ongoing significant liver pathology (other than metastases) and/or liver function disorders

  6. Previous or ongoing significant chronic renal dysfunction

  7. Previous or ongoing malignancy other than pancreatic cancer < five years prior to enrolment, except basal cell carcinoma treated locally

  8. Cardiovascular disease, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification III or IV16

  9. Severe pulmonary obstructive or restrictive disease

  10. Acute or chronic inflammation (autoimmune or infectious)

  11. Significant active/unstable non-malignant disease likely to interfere with study assessments

  12. Laboratory tests (hematology, chemistry) outside specified limits:

    • WBC ≤ 3 x 10³/mm³
    • ANC ≤ 1.5 x 10³/mm³
    • Platelets ≤ 100.000/mm³
    • Hb ≤ 9.0 g/dl (≤ 5.6 mmol/l)
    • PT/PTT > 1.5 x ULN
    • Serum creatinine > 130 μmol/l) or clearance < 60 ml/min
    • AST and/or ALT > 3 x ULN with the exception of patients with liver metastasis (> 5 x ULN)
    • Alkaline phosphatase > 3 x ULN
    • Total bilirubin > 3 x ULN
  13. Immunotherapy within six weeks prior to enrolment.

  14. Any chemotherapeutical treatment for pancreatic adenocarcinoma before enrolment

  15. Any radiotherapy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma before enrolment except for treatment of bone metastases if target lesions are not included in the irradiated field

  16. Major surgery within four weeks prior to enrolment

  17. Pregnant or nursing woman

  18. Participations in other interventional clinical study within four weeks of enrolment

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

44 participants in 1 patient group

AXP107-11
Experimental group
Treatment:
Drug: AXP107-11

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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