Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty vs. Combined Approach With Pulmonary Artery Denervation in CTEPH: Effectiveness Comparison (BPA-PADN)


Boris Dzudovic

Status and phase

Phase 3
Phase 2


Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension


Procedure: Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty combined with Pulmonary Artery Denervation
Procedure: Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty with Sham Pulmonary Artery Denervation

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


This clinical trial investigates new treatment approaches for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), a condition affecting the lungs' blood vessels. CTEPH often develops after repeated blood clots in the lungs, leading to increased pressure and strain on the heart. The study aims to assess the effectiveness of combining two treatments, balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) and pulmonary artery denervation (PADN), in reducing blood pressure in the lungs compared to the standard treatment. Additionally, the trial will explore the impact of these treatments on patients' quality of life. The hope is to improve outcomes and provide valuable insights into managing this challenging condition.

Full description

This clinical trial focuses on advancing our understanding and treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). CTEPH arises when blood clots in the lungs fail to fully dissolve, leading to the formation of fibrous masses that obstruct blood vessels, increase pulmonary blood pressure, and strain the heart's right ventricle. The study's primary objective is to evaluate the combined use of two innovative treatments, Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty (BPA) and Pulmonary Artery Denervation (PADN), in comparison to the standard treatment for CTEPH. BPA involves using a balloon to open narrowed or blocked pulmonary arteries, while PADN is a novel therapy targeting nerve clusters near the main pulmonary artery to reduce blood pressure. The trial also aims to assess the impact of these treatments on patients' quality of life and clinical improvement measured through the 6-Minute Walk Test Distance (6-MWTD) and the Cambridge Pulmonary Hypertension Outcome Review (CAMPHOR) questionnaires.In addition to evaluating the combined efficacy of BPA and PADN compared to standard treatment, this clinical trial has a specific objective to customize the PADN intervention based on individual patient characteristics. The study aims to determine the optimal number of radiofrequency (RF) ablation points required for effective PADN, considering the pulmonary artery size or diameter. This innovative approach seeks to tailor the intervention to the unique anatomical features of each patient, enhancing the precision and effectiveness of the treatment strategy. The study design is a randomized parallel cohort study involving patients with CTEPH in phases 2/3. Patients are divided into two groups-intervention and control-and receive distinct treatment protocols. The intervention group undergoes a combination of BPA, PADN, and standard drug therapy, while the control group receives BPA, sham PADN intervention and standard drug therapy. The BPA procedure involves accessing the pulmonary artery through the right femoral vein, measuring pressures, and selectively dilating stenosed or occluded branches. After the BPA procedure, PADN is performed by applying radiofrequency energy near the bifurcation of the main pulmonary artery.The sham PADN involves catheter placement mimicking the actual procedure without the application of radiofrequency energy. The study includes detailed criteria for patient inclusion and exclusion, and patients are closely monitored through scheduled face-to-face visits. The trial plans to enroll approximately 20 patients. Data management ensures the confidentiality of patient information, and analysis includes a descriptive approach and comparison of mPAP reduction after three months. The study follows ethical guidelines, Good Clinical Practice, and recommendations from the European Association of Cardiology. Informed consent is a crucial aspect, and patient safety is paramount throughout the trial. The trial's ultimate goal is to contribute valuable insights into the efficacy of combining BPA and PADN as a potential treatment strategy for CTEPH, aiming to improve patient outcomes and enhance our approach to managing this complex condition.


20 estimated patients




18 to 80 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Written informed consent.
  • Age 18 - 80 years.
  • Diagnosis of chronic thromboembolic heart disease.
  • Mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) >20 mmHg.
  • Pulmonary vascular resistance >3 Wood units.
  • Presence of organized thrombus masses.
  • World Health Organization (WHO) functional class II to IV.

Exclusion criteria

  • Proximal organized thrombotic masses not suitable for Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty (BPA) and Pulmonary Artery Denervation (PADN).
  • WHO functional class I

Additionally, participants can be excluded from the trial under the following circumstances:

  • Withdrawal of consent at any time.
  • Failure to complete the treatment as per protocols.
  • Protocol violations.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Double Blind

20 participants in 2 patient groups

Intervention Arm: BPA + PADN + Standard Drug Therapy
Experimental group
Participants in this arm will undergo the combination of Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty (BPA) and Pulmonary Artery Denervation (PADN) procedures.
Procedure: Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty combined with Pulmonary Artery Denervation
Control Arm: BPA + Sham PADN + Standard Drug Therapy
Sham Comparator group
Participants in this arm will receive the combination of Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty (BPA) and standard drug therapy as the control group. Similar to the intervention arm, a denervation catheter will be placed in the same anatomical position, but no further denervation intervention will be performed.
Procedure: Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty with Sham Pulmonary Artery Denervation

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Boris Dzudovic, MD, PhD

Data sourced from

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