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BCG for Therapeutic Use Phase I Clinical Trial

A

Anhui Zhifei Longcom

Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 1

Conditions

Non-muscular Invasive Bladder Cancer

Treatments

Drug: BCG for therapeutic use

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT06100653
LKM-2023-BCG01

Details and patient eligibility

About

This clinical study adopted a single-arm, open, single-centertrial design. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability, PK characteristics, shedding and immune response characteristics of BCG for therapeutic use developed by Anhui Zhifei Longcom Biologic Pharmacy Co., Ltd. in patients aged 18 and over after transethral resection of non-muscular invasive bladder cancer.

Full description

This clinical study adopted a single-arm, open, single-centertrial design. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability, PK characteristics, shedding and immune response characteristics of BCG for therapeutic use developed by Anhui Zhifei Longcom Biologic Pharmacy Co., Ltd. in patients aged 18 and over after transethral resection of non-muscular invasive bladder cancer.

This study includes three stages: screening period, observation period of administration, and safety follow-up period.

Screening period:

within 28 days before the first administration, the subjects will be eligible for enrollment confirmation.

Observation period of administration:

10 patients with non-muscular invasive bladder cancer ≥ 14 days after operation were included.The 10 patients were infused with BCG 120mg once a week for 6 times, then once every 2 weeks for 3 times, and then once a month (30 days) for 10 times, with a total of 19 times.

The peripheral blood samples of the subjects were collected to evaluate the exposure and immune response characteristics of the drugs in the blood, and the urine samples were collected to examine the immune response characteristics and shedding of the drugs. The safety data of each subject were observed ,collected and recorded, including vital signs, laboratory examination, adverse event (AE) and serious adverse event (SAE) (within 7 days after the first 5 times of each infusion treatment, and within 14 days after the sixth infusion (before V8 visit)). After 14 days of follow-up after the sixth infusion of the last subject, the clinical trial Data and Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) will conduct an interim analysis to evaluate the safety and tolerability based on the obtained data. For the AE that did not recover within 14 days after the sixth infusion, the investigators should followe up until the AE was remission, or returned to the baseline, or the subject's condition was stable, or the subject lost follow-up / death.

When the subjects continued 13 times in the later period of bladder instillation therapy; blood routine examination was performed before the 10th, 13th, 16th and 19th instillation, and blood biochemical examination was performed before the 13th and 19th instillation. Cystoscopy and urine cytology were performed at the 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th months after the first infusion. The subjects then continued their follow-up visits..

Safety follow-up period:

Safety follow-up was performed for7 days after the last administration. For the AE that did not recover 7 days after the last administration, the investigators should follow up to AE remission, or return to the baseline, or the subject's condition was stable, or the subject lost follow-up / death.

Enrollment

10 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Patients aged 18 years and over after transurethral resection of non-muscular invasive bladder cancer, both male and female.

  2. Voluntarily participate in the trial, provide valid identification, fully informed and signed a written informed consent form.

  3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score: 0 ~ 2. 4. According to the Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Bladder Cancer (2022 edition), patients with histologically confirmed non-muscular invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) who are assessed to be medium or high risk and need BCG intravesical instillation therapy (Patients who need secondary electroresection can be included in the study after the second electroresection is completed and the pathological results are confirmed to be medium-or high-risk non-muscular invasive bladder cancer). Excluding carcinoma in situ.

  4. Clinical laboratory tests meet the following characteristics:

  5. Blood routine: no hematopoietic growth factor or transfusion support was used within 14 days before enrollment, including absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/mm3 or ≥1.5×109/L; Platelet ≥100000/mm3 or 100×109/L; Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL.

  6. Liver function: total serum bilirubin ≤1.5× upper limit of normal (ULN), total serum bilirubin <3×ULN, aspartate and alanine aminotransferase (AST and ALT) ≤2.5×ULN in subjects with Gilbert syndrome.

  7. Renal function: creatinine clearance ≥45 mL/min (estimated according to Cockcroft Gault formula) or serum creatinine ≤1.5×ULN.

  8. Coagulation function: activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) ≤1.5×ULN, International normalized ratio (INR) ≤1.5×ULN.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Any of the following:

  2. Those who have immunodeficiency or impairment (such as AIDS patients), who are using immunosuppressive drugs or radiotherapy that are likely to cause systemic BCG disease reaction.

  3. Allergic to BCG vaccine and its excipients.

  4. Patients with a history of severe adverse reactions to BCG vaccine such as BCG septicemia or systemic infection.

  5. Patients with acute or chronic active hepatitis B [Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) positive and peripheral blood hepatitis B virus deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) copy number ≥103/mL], hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody positive (HCV copy number ≥103/mL), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody positive, syphilis specific antibody positive, C-TST test strongly positive, active tuberculosis, patients who are receiving anti-tuberculosis treatment, and other patients with fever or acute infectious diseases.

  6. Patients with a history of serious diseases of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, lung, liver, kidney and other important organs, or those with severe hypertension or diabetes that can not be controlled clinically judged by the investigators; Patients with symptomatic urinary tract infections.

  7. New York Heart Association (NYHA) heart function grade ≥3. 2. Patients with tumors of other genitourinary system or other organs. 3. Patients with carcinoma in situ (Tis stage) or muscular invasive bladder urothelial carcinoma (T2 stage and above).

  8. Received any BCG treatment for NMIBC within 2 years before enrollment. Or recurrence of NMIBC after BCG treatment at any time.

  9. Patients who had received chemotherapy, radiotherapy or immunotherapy within 4 weeks before admission (except for immediate postoperative intravesical chemotherapy).

  10. Pregnant or lactating women (currently breastfeeding or less than one year after delivery although there is no artificial breastfeeding), women of childbearing age who cannot guarantee effective contraception during the trial period, and plan to have a pregnancy plan within 6 months after the last dosing (Including the partner of the male subject).

  11. It is known or suspected that bladder perforation or abnormal conditions such as prolonged operation time and massive bleeding occur during the operation.

  12. The investigator judged that there was severe gross hematuria before enrollment, and suspected that the surgical wound had not healed or the urinary tract mucosa was damaged.

  13. with cystitis or having received other intravesical drug therapy and severe bladder irritation,which was judged by the investigator to be expected to affect the evaluation of this study.

  14. Complete bladder incontinence, defined as the use of more than 6 pads within 24 hours.

  15. Participated in clinical trials of other drugs within 3 months before enrollment.

  16. Regular drinkers within six months before enrollment, such as those who drink more than 14 units of alcohol per week (1 unit =360 mL beer with 5% alcohol, or 45 mL spirits with 40% alcohol, or 150 mL wine with 12% alcohol); Or have a history of drug abuse or drug use.

  17. The investigator believes that there may be any conditions that increase the risk of the subjects or interfere with the execution of the clinical trial.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

10 participants in 1 patient group

BCG for therapeutic use clinical trial group
Experimental group
Description:
Ten patients with non-muscular invasive bladder cancer ≥14 days after surgery were included.
Treatment:
Drug: BCG for therapeutic use

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Jiang Sh Suan, Doctor; Ding Fan, Master

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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