Behavioral Depression Treatment for African American HIV-infected Substance Users

University of North Carolina (UNC) logo

University of North Carolina (UNC)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Substance Use
Depression

Treatments

Behavioral: Nondirective Therapy (NDT)
Behavioral: ACT HEALTHY

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT01351454
R01DA026424 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
06-0341
R01DA022974 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The objective of the current study is to test a novel, behavioral approach to treat depressive symptoms and improve HIV medication adherence and subsequent physical health outcomes among African American HIV-infected substance users residing in inner-city Washington, DC. This treatment will serve as a compliment to standard residential and follow-up outpatient substance use treatment, with the goal of reducing depressive symptoms and improving HIV medication adherence, physical health, and substance use outcomes.

Full description

Approximately 37-50% of HIV positive individuals suffer from depression, which is associated with substance use, poor adherence to HIV medication, an increase in HIV risk behaviors, and subsequent poor health outcomes (e.g., Asch et al., 2003; Bing et al., 2001; Dew et al., 1997; Johnson, Rabkin, Lipsitz, Williams, & Remien, 1999). Additionally, depressed HIV positive substance users are at an even greater risk for poor medication adherence than non-substance users (Cook, Grey, & Burke-Miller, 2004). Notably, evidence indicates that HIV positive patients who receive treatment for depression exhibit significant improvements in HIV medication adherence and a reduction in risk behaviors that are directly relevant to their health and well being such as risky sexual behavior (e.g., Cook et al., 2006). Despite this link, few interventions targeting depression have been developed to meet the specific needs of HIV-infected substance users. This is especially evident for low income African American HIV positive substance users who often do not receive adequate treatment for any of these conditions due to poverty, lack of access to specialized treatment, low motivation, cognitive impairments, and a lack of coordination between medical, mental health, and substance abuse treatment providers (Calsyn et al., 2004). Thus, the objective of the present proposal is to test a novel, behavioral approach to treat depressive symptoms and improve HIV medication adherence and subsequent physical health outcomes among African American HIV infected substance users residing in inner-city Washington, DC. This treatment combines (1) LET'S ACT, a behavioral activation based treatment for depressed substance users (Daughters, Braun, Sargeant, Hopko, Blanco, & Lejuez, 2008), with (2) Life Steps, an HIV medication adherence intervention (Safren, Otto, & Worth, 1999). The purpose of this combined treatment will be to compliment standard residential and follow-up outpatient substance use treatment to specifically treat depressive symptoms with the additional goal of improving HIV medication adherence, substance use, and physical health outcomes. Participants will be randomly assigned to either treatment as usual (TAU) plus ACT HEALTHY or TAU plus Nondirective Therapy to test the efficacy of ACT HEALTHY. Treatment as usual for both groups consists of standard residential and outpatient substance abuse treatment. Based on the outcome of this preliminary trial, the ACT HEALTHY protocol will be further refined and readied for larger-scale clinical trials.

Enrollment

61 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • between 18 and 65 years of age
  • HIV positive

Exclusion criteria

  • psychosis
  • the inability to give informed, voluntary, written consent to participate
  • reading ability [below 3rd grade level on the WRAT]

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

61 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

ACT HEALTHY
Active Comparator group
Description:
ACT HEALTHY is based on the empirically validated Behavioral Activation Treatment for Depression (BAT-D; Lejuez, Hopko, & Hopko, 2001) and Life Steps, an HIV medication adherence intervention (Safren, Otto, & Worth, 1999). ACT HEALTHY is based on the belief that the best way to improve mood, remain sober, increase medication adherence, and make long-term life changes is by changing and increasing one's activity level. Treatment includes 16 individual sessions over a 12-week period.
Treatment:
Behavioral: ACT HEALTHY
Nondirective Therapy (NDT)
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
In NDT, the therapist will create an accepting, nonjudgmental, empathic environment to continuously direct client attention to primary feelings, and to facilitate accepting of affective experience using supportive statements, reflective listening, and empathic communications. In addition, medication adherence is addressed with the Life Steps HIV medication adherence intervention (Safren, Otto, & Worth, 1999). Treatment includes 16 individual sessions over a 12-week period.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Nondirective Therapy (NDT)

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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