Behavioral Therapy Plus Naltrexone for Alcoholism

Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) logo

Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Alcoholism
Alcohol Dependence

Treatments

Behavioral: cognitive behavior therapy
Drug: naltrexone (Revia)
Behavioral: motivational enhancement therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00000456
R01AA009568 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
NIAAAANT09568

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study will compare cognitive behavioral therapy with a time-limited motivational enhancement therapy to which naltrexone (Revia) or placebo medication is added. In this randomized clinical trial, 160 alcohol-dependent outpatients, after 5 days of abstinence, will receive one of the two psychosocial therapies and either naltrexone (Revia) or placebo for a 12-week treatment period. Abstinence rates, alcohol use, and time to alcohol relapse will be evaluated in all four groups along with measures of alcohol craving, biological measures of alcohol consumption, drinking consequences, changes in self-confidence for avoiding alcohol, and medication compliance. All study participants will be assessed for measures of outcome variables at 3 and 6 months after completing the treatment protocol.

Enrollment

160 patients

Sex

All

Ages

21 to 70 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Meets criteria for alcohol dependence, has not had more than one previous inpatient medical detoxification.
  • Consumes on average five standard drinks per day.
  • Able to maintain sobriety for five days (with or without the aid of detoxification medications) as determined by self-report, collateral report, and breathalyzer measurements.
  • Able to read and understand questionnaires and informed consent.
  • Lives within 50 miles of the study site.

Exclusion criteria

  • Currently meets criteria for any other psychoactive substance dependency disorder.
  • Ever abused opiates.
  • Used psychoactive substance abuse, except marijuana, within the last 30 days as evidenced by patient report, collateral report, and urine drug screen.
  • Meets criteria for disorders of major depression, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress syndrome, bipolar affective disorder, schizophrenia, or any other psychotic disorder or organic mental disorder.
  • Meets criteria for dissociate disorder or eating disorders.
  • Has current suicidal or homicidal ideation.
  • Need for maintenance or acute treatment with any psychoactive medication including antiseizure medications.
  • Current use of disulfiram (Antabuse).
  • Clinically significant medical problems that would impair participation or limit medication ingestion.
  • Hepatocellular disease.
  • Sexually active females of child bearing potential who are pregnant, nursing, or who are not using a reliable form of birth control.
  • Have current charges pending for a violent crime.
  • Does not have a stable living situation and a reliable source of collateral reporting.
  • Has taken an opiate antagonist drug in the last month.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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