The trial is taking place at:

Adventist HealthCare | White Oak Medical Center

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Bentracimab in Ticagrelor-treated Patients With Uncontrolled Bleeding or Requiring Urgent Surgery or Invasive Procedure (REVERSE-IT)


SFJ Pharmaceuticals

Status and phase

Phase 3


Invasive Procedure
Urgent Surgery


Drug: Bentracimab (PB2452) Infusion

Study type


Funder types



2019-004457-92 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility


This is a multi-center, open-label, prospective single-arm study of reversal of the antiplatelet effects of ticagrelor with bentracimab (PB2452) in patients who present with uncontrolled major or life-threatening bleeding or who require urgent surgery or invasive procedure.

At least 200 patients will be enrolled from approximately 200 centers in North America, Europe, and Asia-Pacific regions, including mainland China. Patients with reported use of ticagrelor within the prior 3 days who require urgent ticagrelor reversal will be eligible for enrollment. These populations will be enrolled based on separate inclusion criteria.

Full description

The study will consist of a Screening/Pre-treatment period, an on-site assignment to study treatment and administration, a Follow-up visit on (Day 3+1 and Day 7±1), a Final Follow-up visit (Day 35±3) and a Follow-up visit for intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) only patients (Day 90±10). Infusion of PB2452 will be initiated on Day 1 and will continue for approximately 16 hours for a total of 18 g.

On Day 1, subjects who meet all the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria will receive an intravenous (IV) infusion comprised of an initial IV bolus of 6 grams (g) infused over 10 minutes for rapid reversal, followed immediately by a 6g IV loading infusion over 4 hours and then a 6 g IV maintenance infusion over 12 hours. This bentracimab (PB2452) regimen is expected to provide immediate reversal of the antiplatelet effects of ticagrelor within 5 minutes of the initiation of infusion that is sustained for 20-24 hours.

In subjects with potential drug interaction from recent concomitant use of moderate or strong CYP3A inhibitors with ticagrelor, an alternative regimen may be used comprising administration of 36 g over an active treatment period of 24 hours and 10 min. (This alternative regimen will be an initial 12 g bolus infusion over 10 minutes, followed immediately by a loading infusion of 12 g over 6 hours which will then be followed by a maintenance regimen of 12 g infused over 18 hours for a total infusion of 36 grams over 24 hours and 10 minutes).

In patients presenting with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), brain imaging within 2 hours of initiation of study drug and at least one follow-up brain imaging performed 12-24 hours post completion of PB2452 will be required to support adjudication of hemostasis.

All subjects may be discharged from the clinical site between Days 3 and 7 inclusive and will return for a Follow-up visit on Day 7, if already discharged, and on Day 35 (± 3 days). All ICH patients must complete End of Study (EOS) Day 35±3 (Visit 5). ICH patients that agree to participate in the ICH-only-90-day-follow-up visit will have an additional visit on Day 90±10 (Visit 6).


200 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Patients will be eligible for inclusion into the study if they meet all of the following criteria:

  1. Male or female >18 years of age with documented or verbal informed consent. Emergency consent may be obtained where permitted by local regulations and institutional approval.
  2. History or documentation of ticagrelor intake within the prior 3 days
  3. Patients described below who require urgent reversal of the antiplatelet effects of ticagrelor:

Patients with uncontrolled major or life-threatening bleeding, requiring urgent reversal of the antiplatelet effects of ticagrelor. It is expected that enrolled patients would have characteristics similar to those described below:

  • Potentially life-threatening bleeding with signs or symptoms of hemodynamic compromise, e.g., systolic blood pressure < 90 mm Hg and signs or symptoms of low cardiac output not otherwise explained
  • Bleeding in a critical organ or closed space, such as intracranial, intraspinal, intraocular, retroperitoneal, intra-articular, pericardial, or intramuscular bleed with compartment syndrome
  • Visible, uncontrolled bleeding associated with a corrected hemoglobin level < 8.0 g/dL, a fall in hemoglobin level of ≥ 2.0 g/dL (1.24 mmol/L) from a known baseline, or requirement for transfusion of 2 or more units of packed red blood cells (PRBC)

Patients requiring urgent surgery or invasive procedure when it is not medically advisable either to proceed urgently with impaired hemostasis or to delay the urgent procedure for 3 or more days due to the high risk of bleeding. These patients may typically be in any of the following clinical situations:

  • Requires urgent surgery or invasive procedure known to be associated with a risk of significant bleeding (such as cardiac surgery, neurosurgery, or major orthopedic surgery)
  • Requires urgent surgery or invasive procedure that may have an adverse procedural outcome if hemostasis is impaired (such as neurological, spinal, ophthalmological, urological, or orthopedic surgery)
  • At risk of experiencing life-threatening events, such as, shock, myocardial infarction, or stroke, if significant intraoperative or postoperative bleeding occurs (such as in elderly patients or patients with underlying cardiac or pulmonary disease who have limited cardiopulmonary reserve)

Exclusion criteria

  1. Known sensitivity or contraindication to PB2452 or any of its excipients
  2. Patients in whom ticagrelor reversal is not considered urgent, e.g., patients with stable or non-acute conditions who have low hemoglobin due to chronic, low-grade gastrointestinal bleeding or who have stable, remote, or asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage
  3. Patients expected to be clinically unsalvageable, such as, patients with end-stage cancer or patients with overwhelming sepsis
  4. Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would make it unsafe or unsuitable for the patients to participate in this study. This includes assessment of likelihood to cooperate with study follow-up visits and procedures. Known pregnancy may be exclusionary in some regions or countries as directed by national health authorities and/or local Institutional Review Boards/Ethics Committees
  5. Known use of clopidogrel, prasugrel or ticlopidine within 5 days of study drug administration; known use of antiplatelet GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors, or cangrelor within 5 half-lives of expected study drug administration; or known use of warfarin, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, or edoxaban within 5 half-lives of expected study drug administration
  6. Known recent use (< 5 day) of vitamin K, prothrombin complex concentrate, recombinant factor VIIa, idarucizumab, or andexanet-alfa (coagulation factor Xa (recombinant), inactivated-zhzo)

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

200 participants in 1 patient group

Bentracimab (PB2452) Infusion - Open Label Active Drug
Experimental group
Bentracimab (PB2452) 18 g Intravenous Infusion over a 16 hour duration. For patients with uncontrolled major or life-threatening bleeding or in need of urgent surgery or invasive procedure.
Drug: Bentracimab (PB2452) Infusion

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

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