Beta-Glucan in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

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City of Hope

Status and phase

Phase 1


Lung Cancer


Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: questionnaire administration
Biological: beta-glucan MM-10-001
Other: flow cytometry

Study type


Funder types



P30CA033572 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
CDR0000634737 (Registry Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility


RATIONALE: Biological therapies, such as beta-glucan, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop tumor cells from growing. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of beta-glucan in treating patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer.

Full description

OBJECTIVES: Primary To assess the feasibility and toxicity of therapy with beta-glucan MM-10-001 in patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective. Secondary To explore analysis of the effect of beta-glucan MM-10-001 on the innate immune compartment, in particular natural killer cell activation and effector status. To perform correlatives (cytokine profiling) that will explore the effects of beta-glucan MM-10-001 on the cytokine profile of these patients. To document all clinical responses of these patients after treatment with beta-glucan MM-10-001. To explore potential beta-glucan MM-10-001 dose effects on the patient-reported functional status. OUTLINE: Patients receive oral beta-glucan MM-10-001 once or twice daily. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Blood samples are collected periodically for correlative studies. Samples are analyzed for natural killer cell activation and effector status and cytokine profiling by flow cytometry. Patient-reported functional status is assessed at baseline and periodically during treatment by QOL-FACT-L questionnaire. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.


20 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria


  • Pathologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer

    • Locally advanced or metastatic disease for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective
    • Unresectable disease
  • No active or symptomatic brain metastases unless they were previously treated by radiotherapy or surgery, stabilized, AND off steroid therapy for ≥ 4 weeks


  • Karnofsky performance status (PS) 50-100% OR ECOG PS 0-2

  • Life expectancy > 3 months

  • WBC > 2,000/mm³

  • Absolute neutrophil count > 1,000/mm³

  • Platelet count > 50,000/mm³

  • Total bilirubin < 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

  • AST and ALT < 2.5 times ULN

  • Serum creatinine < 2.5 mg/dL

  • Not pregnant or nursing

  • Negative pregnancy test

  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

  • Must be able to swallow enteral medications (patients with feeding tubes are eligible)

  • No condition or disease that affects gastrointestinal (GI) function or impairs the ability to take oral medications including any of the following:

    • GI tract disease
    • No intractable nausea or vomiting
    • Malabsorption syndrome
    • Requirement for IV alimentation
    • Prior surgical procedures effecting absorption
    • Uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease (e.g., Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis)
  • No concurrent condition requiring the use of systemic or topical steroids or the use of immunosuppressive agents

  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to beta-glucan MM-10-001

  • No uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to, any of the following:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Psychiatric illness or social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements


  • See Disease Characteristics

  • More than 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) or radiotherapy and recovered

    • Concurrent palliative radiotherapy for symptoms control allowed
  • At least 2 weeks since prior corticosteroids and no concurrent systemic or topical steroids

  • At least 7 days since prior antioxidant supplements (vitamin C and E)

  • No other concurrent investigational agents

    • Bisphosphonate therapy (e.g., pamidronate or zoledronate) allowed
  • No concurrent over-the-counter or dietary supplement containing beta-glucan (e.g., mushroom extracts, "lentinan" products, dried mushrooms) or other mushroom-derived powders, liquids, capsules, gels, or any other dosage form

  • No concurrent use of immunosuppressive agents (e.g., cyclosporine and its analog)

  • No concurrent darbepoetin alfa or epoetin alfa

  • No concurrent colony-stimulating factors

  • No concurrent antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

20 participants in 1 patient group

Treatment (beta-glucan MM-10-001)
Experimental group
Patients receive oral beta-glucan MM-10-001 once or twice daily. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: flow cytometry
Biological: beta-glucan MM-10-001
Other: questionnaire administration
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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