Binocular Treatment of Amblyopia Before and After Strabismus Surgery

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Procedure: Binocular Treatment
Procedure: Sham Binocular Treatment

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The primary objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of an investigational binocular treatment in improving vision in strabismic amblyopes (i.e., patients with lazy eye, or poor vision in one eye due to a present or former eye misalignment). Patients will be randomized to receive the study treatment either before or after strabismus surgery (i.e., corrective eye alignment surgery) or sham treatment before surgery. The study hypothesis is that there will be no significant change in vision in neither the pre nor post-surgery groups and no significant change in vision in neither the sham nor actual treatment groups.

Full description

This is a placebo-controlled, partially-randomized clinical trial. The patients will be assigned to one of two groups, Treatment Group A or Treatment B group. To help minimize bias, a blinded staff member will perform the visual acuity assessments throughout the study. The PI and Sub-I's will remain blinded to the treatment groups so that they may perform the visual exams throughout the study, if necessary. Patients who have had strabismus surgery prior to being recruited will be allowed to participate in the study and, if eligible, will be automatically assigned to Treatment Group A. Patients who are scheduled to have strabismus surgery at least six weeks from their screening clinic visit will be allowed to participate, once eligibility is determined. These patients will be included in Treatment Group B and randomized to either actual treatment or sham treatment. Each eligible participant will be included in the study and blinded as to which treatment group s/he has been assigned. The duration of each subject's participation in the study will be about 7.5 months. All subjects will have a baseline visit to assess eligibility. Subjects in Treatment Group A will undergo strabismus surgery, if it was not previously performed, followed by 6 weeks of binocular treatment and a 3-6 month follow-up period. NOTE: There will be 4-6 weeks between surgery and the start of treatment to allow for full post-surgery recovery before starting treatment. Subjects in Treatment Group B will undergo 6 weeks of treatment/sham followed by strabismus surgery and a 3-6 month follow-up period. If a treatment effect on vision is found, participants enrolled in the sham treatment arm will be offered the binocular treatment at the conclusion of the study and following surgery. Sham participants will be allowed to receive the study treatment so long as they have completed the study and there is no presence of any new medical condition following surgery that would be considered reasons for exclusion by the treating physician.


22 patients




18 to 60 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Presence of amblyopia in one eye due to congenital strabismus.
  • Amblyopic eye has a fully-corrected visual acuity of 20/30 or less with no other cause for the visual loss except amblyopia.
  • Patient is 18 to 60 years old.
  • Corrected vision in other eye is normal.
  • Eligible for strabismus surgery or has completed it previously with a successful outcome, as determined by the treating physician.
  • Available and willing to comply with examination procedures and schedule.
  • Signed and dated informed consent.

Exclusion criteria

  • Fully-corrected visual acuity of less than 20/30 in both eyes.
  • Visual decrement due to anything other than amblyopia.
  • At high risk for developing intractable diplopia (double vision) if vision in weak eye is improved. (To be determined by treating physician.)
  • Unable or unavailable to complete at least 18 hours of binocular treatment over the course of six weeks.
  • Currently enrolled in another research study.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Double Blind

22 participants in 3 patient groups

Treatment Group A (Post-Surgery)
Experimental group
Subjects enrolled in this arm will first have eye alignment corrective surgery and then complete six weeks of the investigational binocular treatment training.
Procedure: Binocular Treatment
Treatment Group B (Pre-Surgery)
Experimental group
Subjects enrolled in this arm will first complete six weeks of the investigational binocular treatment training and then have eye alignment corrective surgery.
Procedure: Binocular Treatment
Sham Treatment
Sham Comparator group
Subjects enrolled in this arm will first complete six weeks of the sham binocular treatment and then undergo eye alignment corrective surgery.
Procedure: Sham Binocular Treatment

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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