Biological Effects of LEO 43204 in Actinic Keratosis

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LEO Pharma

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Actinic Keratosis

Treatments

Drug: LEO 43204 Gel, 0.037%

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT02600598
LP0084-1228

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a Phase I, single-centre, open label, within-subject comparison trial to explore the biological effects of LEO 43204 Gel, 0.037%, applied once daily for 3 consecutive days in patients with actinic keratosis on the upper extremity. The treatment area for each patient will be as defined as a contiguous area of 250 cm2 of skin on the upper extremity (including the dorsum manus) that contains a minimum of 5 AK lesions. Additionally there must be at least one AK lesion located in a non-treated area on the contralateral arm. All eligible subjects will receive LEO 43204 Gel, 0.037%, on the treatment area on Days 1, 2 and 3. Study medication application will be (sub)investigator applied. A total of 30 patients will be enrolled into this study (n=15 in each of the two groups). Patients will be divided into two groups with different biopsy schedules.

Enrollment

24 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • 1. Signed and dated informed consent has been obtained.
  • 2. Subjects with at least 5 non-keratotic, clinically typical, visible and discrete AK lesions within a contiguous 250 cm2 area (AK Treatment Area) on the upper extremity,
  • 3. Subjects with one additional AK lesion located on the contralateral arm.
  • 4. Subjects with an area of normal skin in close proximity to the AK Treatment Area or on the contralateral arm.
  • 5. Male and female subjects, 18 years or older.
  • 6. Agreement from the patient to allow photographs of the selected treatment area to be taken and used as part of the study data package
  • 7. Ability to follow study instructions and likely to complete all study requirements

8. Female Subjects must be of either

non-childbearing potential, i.e. post-menopausal or have a confirmed clinical history of sterility (e.g. the subject is without a uterus or has tubal litigation) or,

child-bearing potential* provided there is a confirmed negative pregnancy test prior to trial treatment to rule out pregnancy.

  • Female subjects are considered of child-bearing potential unless they have had a hysterectomy or have undergone tubal litigation or have been post-menopausal for at least one year prior to first visit.
  • 9. Female subjects of child-bearing potential must be willing to use effective contraception at trial entry and until completion.

Effective contraception is defined as follows:

  • Abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual life style of the subject).
  • Vasectomised partner (given that the subject is monogamous).
  • An intrauterine device.
  • Double barrier method defined as two distinct methods (two actual barrier methods).
  • Hormonal contraceptive (oral hormonal birth control, oestrogenic vaginal ring, percutaneous contraceptive patches, implants and injectables) for at least one menstrual cycle prior to enrolment.

Exclusion criteria

  • 1. Prior treatment with ingenol mebutate gel in the treatment area within the last 12 months.
  • 2. Previously assigned treatment in this clinical trial or previously participated in a clinical trial in the LEO 43204 programme (presently LP0084-68, LP0084-1013, LP0084-1014, LP0084-1015, LP0084-1148, LP0084-1077, LP0084-1193, LP0084-1194, LP0084-1195, LP0084-1196).
  • 3. Location of the selected treatment area within 5 cm of an incompletely healed wound or infected area of the skin (excl. study related biopsies) or within 5 cm of a suspected basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or SCC.
  • 4. History or evidence of skin conditions other than the study indication that would interfere with the histologically- or biomarker evaluation of the study medication (e.g. eczema, unstable psoriasis, xeroderma pigmentosum).
  • 5. Treatment area lesions that have an atypical clinical appearance (e.g. hypertrophic, hyperkeratotic, recalcitrant disease [had cryosurgery on two previous occasions] and/or cutaneous horns).
  • 6. Known sensitivity or allergy to any of the ingredients of LEO 43204 Gel (e.g. citric acid)
  • 7. Clinical diagnosis/history or evidence of any medical condition that would expose a subject to an undue risk of a significant AE or interfere with assessments of safety during the course of the study, as determined by Investigator clinical judgment.
  • 8. Anticipated need for in-patient hospitalisation or in-patient surgery during the study period. Note that cosmetic/therapeutic procedures are not excluded if they fall outside of the criteria detailed in the Prohibited Therapies or Medications (listed below).
  • 9. Anticipated excessive or prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light (e.g. sunlight) or use of tanning beds for the duration of the study
  • 10. Current participation in any other interventional clinical trial
  • 11. Subjects who have received treatment with any non-marketed drug product (i.e. an agent which has not yet been made available for clinical use following registration) within the last two months.
  • 12. Subjects known to be infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
  • 13. Subject known or, in the opinion of the investigator, is unlikely to comply with the Clinical Study Protocol (e.g. alcoholism, drug dependency or psychotic state).
  • 14. Females who are pregnant, of child-bearing potential and wishing to become pregnant during the trial, or are breast feeding.
  • 15. Females of child-bearing potential with positive pregnancy test at [screening or visit 1].
  • 16. Previous enrolment in this clinical trial. Prohibited Therapies and/or Medications: within 2 weeks prior to the Screening visit
  • 17. Cosmetic or therapeutic procedures (e.g. use of liquid nitrogen, surgical excision, curettage, dermabrasion, medium or greater depth chemical peel, laser resurfacing): within 2 cm of the selected treatment areas and within 2 cm of the selected AK lesion outside the treatment area
  • 18. Use of acid-containing therapeutic products (e.g. salicylic acid or fruit acids, such as alpha and beta hydroxy acids and glycolic acids), topical retinoids or light chemical peels: within 2 cm of the selected treatment areas and within 2 cm of the selected AK lesion outside the treatment area
  • 19. Use of topical salves (non-medicated/non-irritant lotion/cream are acceptable) or topical steroids: within 2 cm of the selected treatment areas and within 2 cm of the selected AK lesion outside the treatment area; artificial tanners: within 5 cm of the selected treatment areas and within 5 cm of the selected AK lesion outside the treatment area Prohibited Therapies and/or Medications: within 4 weeks prior to the Screening visit
  • 20. Treatment with immunomodulators (e.g. azathioprine), cytotoxic drugs (e.g. cyclophosphamide, vinblastine, chlorambucil, methotrexate, podophyllin, camptothecin) or interferon/interferon inducers.
  • 21. Treatment with systemic medications that suppress the immune system (e.g. cyclosporine, prednisone, methotrexate, infliximab).
  • 22. Treatment/therapy with UVB

Prohibited Therapies and/or Medications: within 8 weeks prior to the Screening visit

  • 23. Treatment with 5-FU, imiquimod, diclofenac, or photodynamic therapy: within 2 cm of the selected treatment areas and within 2 cm of the selected AK lesion outside the treatment area Prohibited Therapies and/or Medications: within 6 months prior to the Screening visit
  • 24. Use of systemic retinoids (e.g. isotretinoin, acitretin, bexarotene)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

24 participants in 2 patient groups

LEO 43204 Group A
Experimental group
Description:
Group A - Experimental LEO 43204, applied once daily for 3 consecutive days in patients with actinic keratosis
Treatment:
Drug: LEO 43204 Gel, 0.037%
LEO 43204 Group B
Experimental group
Description:
Group B - Experimental LEO 43204, applied once daily for 3 consecutive days in patients with actinic keratosis
Treatment:
Drug: LEO 43204 Gel, 0.037%

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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