Bone Response to Enzyme Replacement in Gaucher's Disease

National Institutes of Health (NIH) logo

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Gaucher's Disease

Treatments

Drug: CEREDASE™

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT00001416
940050
94-N-0050

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to examine how the skeleton responds to repeated doses of enzyme replacement therapy in patients with type I Gaucher's disease who have had their spleens removed. Gaucher disease is a lysosomal storage disease resulting from glycocerebroside accumulation in macrophages due to a genetic deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase. It may occur in adults but occurs most severely in infants, in whom cerebroside also accumulates in neurons. Patients with Gaucher's disease experience enlargement of the liver and spleen and bone destruction. The condition is passed from generation to generation through autosomal recessive inheritance. Type I is the most common form. It is a chronic non-neuronopathic form, meaning the disease does not affect nerve cells. The symptoms of type I can appear at any age. In this study patients will be divided into three groups. Each group will receive different doses of enzyme replacement (Ceredase). In addition, two of the three groups will also receive doses of a form of vitamin D (calcitriol). Researchers believe the groups receiving vitamin D will have an improved response as compared to those patients only receiving enzyme replacement. Patients in each group who respond to enzyme replacement with increases in bone density will be compared to the other treatment groups.

Full description

The purpose of this study is to examine the response of the skeleton to repeated infusions of macrophage-targeted glucocerebrosidase (CEREDASE (Trademark) ) in splenectomized patients with type I Gaucher's disease. The magnitude and rate of development of the skeletal response will be monitored non-invasively. Theoretically, an enhanced response should occur in patients supplemented with pharmacologic doses of 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol), since calcium absorption and enzyme delivery to bone marrow macrophages should be increased in this setting. These issues will be addressed in a clinical trial that uses a modified factorial design. A total of 57 patients will be assigned to three treatment groups by block randomization. Group 1: CEREDASE (Trademark) (60 IU/kg q2wks; 0-6 months) CEREDASE (Trademark) (30 IU/kg q2wks; 7-24 months) Group 2: Calcitriol (0.25-3.0 micrograms/day; 0-24 months) CEREDASE (Trademark) (60 IU/kg q2wks; 7-12 months) CEREDASE (Trademark) (30 IU/kg q2wks; 13-24 months) Group 3: Calcitriol (0.25-3.0 micrograms/day; 0-24 months) CEREDASE (Trademark) (60 IU/kg q2wks; 0-6 months) CEREDASE (Trademark) (30 IU/kg q2wks; 7-24 months) The number of patients responding to enzyme replacement with a significant decrease in hepatic volume and a significant increase in trabecular bone density of the lumbar spine will be compared between the treatment groups.

Sex

All

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Splenectomized Gaucher patients.

Aged 18-45 who have not received enzyme therapy for at least 1 year.

No patients with other illnesses (pulmonary, liver, kidney, bone, hematologic).

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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