Bortezomib, Selinexor, and Dexamethasone in Patients With Multiple Myeloma (BOSTON)

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Karyopharm Therapeutics

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3


Multiple Myeloma


Drug: Selinexor
Drug: Dexamethasone
Drug: Bortezomib

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


This Phase 3, 2-arm, randomized, active comparator-controlled, open-label, multicenter study will compare the efficacy and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and assess the safety of selinexor plus bortezomib (Velcade) plus low-dose dexamethasone (SVd) versus bortezomib plus low-dose dexamethasone (Vd) in adult patients with RRMM who have received 1 to 3 prior anti-multiple myeloma (MM) regimens. Crossover from the Vd Arm to a treatment that includes selinexor (i.e., SVdX or SdX) will be allowed at the point of IRC-confirmed objective disease progression per the IMWG criteria for patients in the Vd Arm.


402 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Histologically confirmed MM with measurable disease per IMWG guidelines as defined by at least 1 of the following:

    • Serum M-protein ≥ 0.5 g/dL (> 5 g/L) by serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP) or for immunoglobulin (Ig) A myeloma, by quantitative serum IgA levels; or
    • Urinary M-protein excretion at least 200 mg/24 hours; or
    • Serum free light chain (FLC) ≥ 100 mg/L, provided that the serum FLC ratio is abnormal.
  2. Had at least 1 prior anti-MM regimen and no more than 3 prior anti-MM regimens. Induction therapy followed by stem cell transplant and consolidation/maintenance therapy will be considered as 1 anti-MM regimen.

  3. Documented evidence of progressive MM (based on the Investigator's determination according to the modified IMWG response criteria) on or after their most recent regimen.

  4. Prior treatment with bortezomib or other Proteasome Inhibitor (PI) is allowed, provided all of the following criteria are met:

    • Best response achieved with prior bortezomib at any time was ≥ PR and with the last PI (PI therapy (alone or in combination) was ≥ PR, AND
    • Participant did not discontinue bortezomib due to ≥ Grade 3 related toxicity, AND
    • Must have had at least a 6-month PI-treatment-free interval prior to Cycle 1 Day 1 (C1D1) of study treatment.
  5. Must have an ECOG Status score of 0, 1, or 2.

  6. Written informed consent in accordance with federal, local, and institutional guidelines.

  7. Age ≥18 years.

  8. Resolution of any clinically significant non-hematological toxicities (if any) from previous treatments to ≤ Grade 1 by C1D1.

  9. Adequate hepatic function within 28 days prior to C1D1.

  10. Adequate renal function within 28 days prior to C1D1.

  11. Adequate hematopoietic function within 7 days prior to C1D1.

  12. Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at Screening. Female patients of childbearing potential and fertile male patients who are sexually active with a female of childbearing potential must use highly effective methods of contraception throughout the study and for 3 months following the last dose of study treatment.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Prior exposure to a SINE compound (i.e. an XPO-1 inhibitor), including selinexor.

  2. Prior malignancy that required treatment, or has shown evidence of recurrence (except for non-melanoma skin cancer or adequately treated cervical carcinoma in situ) during the 5 years prior to randomization.

  3. Any concurrent medical condition or disease (e.g., uncontrolled active hypertension, uncontrolled active diabetes, active systemic infection, etc.) that is likely to interfere with study procedures.

  4. Uncontrolled active infection requiring parenteral antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals within 1 week prior to C1D1.

  5. Active plasma cell leukemia.

  6. Documented systemic light chain amyloidosis.

  7. MM involving the central nervous system.

  8. Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome.

  9. Spinal cord compression.

  10. Greater than Grade 2 neuropathy or ≥ Grade 2 neuropathy with pain at baseline, regardless of whether or not the patient is currently receiving medication

  11. Known intolerance, hypersensitivity, or contraindication to glucocorticoids.

  12. Radiation, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy or any other anticancer therapy (including investigational therapies) ≤ 2 weeks prior to C1D1. Localized radiation to a single site at least 1 week before C1D1 is permitted. Glucocorticoids within 2 weeks of C1D1 are permitted. Patients on long-term glucocorticoids during Screening do not require a washout period but must be able to tolerate the specified dexamethasone dose in this study.

  13. Prior autologous stem cell transplantation < 1 month or allogeneic stem cell transplantation < 4 months prior to C1D1.

  14. Active graft versus host disease (after allogeneic stem cell transplantation) at C1D1.

  15. Pregnant or breastfeeding females.

  16. Body Surface Area < 1.4 m² at baseline, calculated by the Dubois or Mosteller method.

  17. Life expectancy of < 4 months.

  18. Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to C1D1.

  19. Active, unstable cardiovascular function:

    1. Symptomatic ischemia, or
    2. Uncontrolled clinically significant conduction abnormalities (e.g., patients with ventricular tachycardia on anti-arrhythmics are excluded; patients with first-degree atrioventricular block or asymptomatic left anterior fascicular block/right bundle branch block will not be excluded), or
    3. Congestive heart failure of New York Heart Association Class ≥ 3 or known left ventricular ejection fraction < 40%, or
    4. Myocardial infarction within 3 months prior to C1D1.
  20. Known active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or HIV seropositivity

  21. Known active hepatitis A, B, or C infection; or known to be positive for hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (RNA) or hepatitis B virus surface antigen.

  22. Any active gastrointestinal dysfunction interfering with the patient's ability to swallow tablets, or any active gastrointestinal dysfunction that could interfere with absorption of study treatment.

  23. Any active, serious psychiatric, medical, or other conditions/situations that, in the opinion of the Investigator, could interfere with treatment, compliance, or the ability to give informed consent.

  24. Contraindication to any of the required concomitant drugs or supportive treatments.

  25. Patients unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol, including providing 24-hour urine samples for urine protein electrophoresis at the required time points.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Crossover Assignment


None (Open label)

402 participants in 2 patient groups

selinexor+bortezomib+dexamethasone (SVd)
Active Comparator group
Selinexor will be given on Days 1, 8, 15, 22, and 29 of each 35-day cycle. Bortezomib will be given Days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of each 35-day cycle. Dexamethasone will be given Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, 16, 22, 23, 29, and 30 of each 35-day cycle.
Drug: Bortezomib
Drug: Dexamethasone
Drug: Selinexor
bortezomib+dexamethasone (Vd)
Active Comparator group
Bortezomib will be given Days 1, 4, 8, and 11 of each 21-day cycle for the first 8 cycles. For cycles ≥ 9, bortezomib will be given on Days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of each 35-day cycle. Dexamethasone will be given on Days 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, and 12 of each 21-day cycle for the first 8 cycles. For cycles ≥ 9, dexamethasone will be given on Days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, 16, 22, 23, 29, and 30 of each 35-day cycle.
Drug: Bortezomib
Drug: Dexamethasone

Trial documents

Trial contacts and locations



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