Brief Interventions to Create Smoke-Free Home Policies in Low-Income Households

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Emory University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Chronic Diseases

Treatments

Behavioral: Educational print materials and a coaching call

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT01625468
IRB00056797
U01CA154282-01 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The burden of tobacco use falls disproportionately on low-income populations, through high rates of primary smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke. The remarkable progress in creating smoke-free environments in the U.S. over the past two decades has left smoker's homes as one of the primary sources of exposure to secondhand smoke for both children and nonsmoking adults. Intervention research that identifies effective and practical strategies for reaching the minority of households that still allow smoking in the home has considerable potential to reduce smoke exposure, but suitable channels to reach low-income families are limited. The proposed research will develop, evaluate and disseminate a brief smoke-free homes intervention through the established national infrastructure of 2-1-1 call centers. 2-1-1 is a nationally designated 3-digit telephone exchange, similar to 9-1-1 for emergencies or 4-1-1 for directory assistance, that links callers to community-based health and social services. The proposed research has four specific aims: 1) Conduct formative research on intervention messages and materials for promoting smoke-free homes in low-income populations, applicable to both smokers and nonsmokers as household change agents; 2) Conduct a randomized controlled trial in the Atlanta 2-1-1 service area to evaluate the efficacy of a brief intervention to create smoke-free homes among 2-1-1 callers; 3) Conduct replication studies in Houston and North Carolina 2-1-1 systems to systematically test the intervention in varied populations and tobacco control climates, and 4) Disseminate the research-tested smoke-free homes intervention through a variety of mechanisms including a national grants program to 2-1-1 systems and through the Tobacco Technical Assistance Consortium's linkages to the state and local tobacco control infrastructure in the U.S.

Enrollment

500 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Must be 18 years of age or older.
  • Must speak and understand English.
  • Must smoke and live with at least one other non-smoking person OR be a non-smoker who lives with a smoker(s).
  • Must not have a total smoking ban in their home.

Exclusion criteria

None

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

500 participants in 2 patient groups

Control
No Intervention group
Description:
Participant receives usual care
Intervention
Experimental group
Description:
Intervention group participants receive three sets of mailed educational materials about making their home smoke-free and one coaching call.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Educational print materials and a coaching call

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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