Bromfenac Versus Dexamethasone After Cataract Surgery (BVD)


Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova-IRCCS

Status and phase

Phase 4


Inflammation Eye


Drug: Bromfenac 0.09 % Ophthalmic Solution
Drug: Dexamethasone 0.1% ophthalmic suspension

Study type


Funder types



Eudract 2016-004358-14

Details and patient eligibility


The aim of the study is to compare bromfenac to dexamethasone eye drops to control inflammation after cataract surgery. Inflammation in the anterior chamber of the eye will be measured by a Laser Flare Photometer (LFP).

Full description

The BVD study is a phase IV, single centre, randomized, active-control, parallel design, open-label trial comparing Bromfenac ophthalmic solution 0.1% and Dexamethasone ophthalmic suspension 0.1% in patients older than 60 years after unilateral cataract surgery. A total of 76 patients (38 for each arm) will be included in this study. Patients will be selected among subjects who underwent cataract surgery the day before the study enrolment. Enrolment will take place at the participating hospital. Eligible subjects will be sequentially assigned, according to a computer-generated randomization list (1:1), to one of the following treatment groups: Experimental Arm: Bromfenac ophthalmic solution 0.1% eye drops, 2 times per day in the study eye for two weeks; Standard Arm: Dexamethasone ophthalmic suspension 0.1% eye drops, 4 times per day in the study eye for the first week and 2 times per day in the study eye for the second week. Each group must start the drops the day after cataract surgery, for two weeks. The first post-operative clinical evaluation is planned the day after cataract surgery. The following procedures will be performed on the study eye and data will be collected during this first clinical encounter: Eye Drops Usage training Concomitant medications Best-corrected Visual Acuity Laser Flare Photometry Slit lamp biomicroscopy Intracular pressure (IOP) with pneumotonometer, Dilated fundus ophthalmoscopy Ocular Comfort Grading Assessment At least six post-operative follow-up visits are planned after 3, 7, 9, 11, 14 days (±1 day) and 30 days (±3 days) from cataract extraction plus possible adjunctive controls if problems/complications will occur. The following procedures will be performed on the study eye and data will be collected during all clinical encounters: Compliance with study medication Concomitant medications Best-corrected Visual Acuity (only day 7, 14, 30) Laser Flare Photometry Optical Coherence Tomography testing (only day 30) Slit lamp biomicroscopy (only day 7, 14 and 30) IOP with pneumotonometer (only day 7, 14 and 30) Dilated fundus ophthalmoscopy (only day 30) Ocular Comfort Grading Assessment (only day 7, 14 and 30) Adverse events


76 patients




60 to 90 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria


  • Age > 60 year old.
  • Uneventful cataract surgery. Surgical procedure, as described in the patients chart, should be free of any form of intraoperative complication that may increase postoperative inflammation.
  • Availability of relevant ocular history, including: Best Corrected Visual Acuity testing, Laser Flare Photometry, Optical Coherence Tomography, slit lamp biomicroscopy, intraocular pressure (with pneumotonometer), dilated fundus ophthalmoscopy.
  • Ability and willing to follow all instructions and attend all study visits
  • Ability to self-administer study drug (or have a caregiver available to instill all doses of study drug)
  • Ability and willing to provide informed consent for this study protocol.
  • No ocular, topical, systemic, or inhaled NSAIDs or ocular, topical, or systemic gentamicin, or cyclosporine ophthalmic emulsion within 1 week of investigational product initiation or throughout the duration of the study;
  • No topical, inhaled, or systemic corticosteroids within 15 days or depot corticosteroids within 45 days of the investigational product initiation or or throughout the duration of the study;
  • No oral tamsulosin at any time during the clinical trial;
  • Any ocular, topical, or systemic medication that could interfere with normal lacrimation, wound healing, the investigational product, or the interpretation of clinical trial results.
  • For women, the menopausal state is assumed.


Ocular exclusion criteria:

  • history of ocular inflammation or trauma;
  • history of previous intraocular surgery;
  • corneal haze, edema or any condition that can interfere with LFP measurement by means of reduced transparency of the cornea;
  • preoperative LFP value > 12 ph/ms (as per patient' chart)
  • pseudoexfoliation lentis;
  • retinal vascular diseases;
  • diabetic retinopathy;
  • any variation of the foveal profile at OCT (including macular edema and epiretinal membranes)
  • moderate to severe forms of age related macular degeneration
  • presence of any sign of intraocular inflammation (including cells or flare in the anterior chamber) in either eye (including uveitis);
  • intraoperative complications during the surgical procedure that may increase postoperative inflammation; this includes, in particular, patients with posterior capsule rupture;
  • marked intraocular inflammation at postoperative day 1, including keratic precipitates or any form of uveitis;
  • BCVA ≤ 1/10 in the non study eye

Systemic exclusion criteria:

  • inflammatory diseases;
  • any active or chronic/recurrent disease that was uncontrolled and was likely to affect wound healing;
  • severe blood dyscrasia or bone marrow suppression;
  • uncontrolled/unstable peptic ulcer disease
  • any uncontrolled/unstable pulmonary, cardiac, vascular, autoimmune, hepatic, renal, or central nervous system disease;
  • Known hypersensitivity to bromfenac or to any component of the investigational products, procedural medications, salicylates, or other NSAIDs.
  • Patients cannot be enrolled in another clinical study concurrently

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Double Blind

76 participants in 2 patient groups

Experimental group
Patients randomized to this arm will receive Bromfenac 0.09 % Ophthalmic Solution BID for 2 weeks
Drug: Bromfenac 0.09 % Ophthalmic Solution
Active Comparator group
Patients randomized to this arm will receive Dexamethasone 0.1 % Ophthalmic Suspension QID for one week and BID for the following week
Drug: Dexamethasone 0.1% ophthalmic suspension

Trial contacts and locations



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