Building Better Bridges Randomized Control Trial ((AIR-B3))

H

Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Treatments

Behavioral: Intervention Coaching Group

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Other U.S. Federal agency

Identifiers

NCT03445520
17-001459

Details and patient eligibility

About

In this study, the investigators will randomize 20 families per site (across 4 sites) to be in the BBB Transition Passport Only Group or BBB Intervention Group. Both groups will receive the BBB Transition Passport, which include the Transition Checklist, Student Snapshot, Parent/Caregiver Guide, and Student Guide. In addition to receiving the Transition Passport, the BBB Intervention Group will also receive coaching support to implement these resources. This coaching will include a member of the research team assigned as a coach for each family. This coach will introduce the resources to the family, briefly teach them fundamental information about the transition process, provide brief coaching phone calls, and guide parents in using the tools and requesting help from the child's provider(s). The investigators will be testing the differences between these two groups in terms of: 1) quality of the transition as reported by the parent and teacher, 2) self-efficacy of the parent during the transition process, 3) child school engagement and behavior during the transition as rated by the teacher and parent, and 4) the quality of the child's team to communicate about information important to the child's transition.

Full description

Building Better Bridges (BBB), will evaluate an intervention designed to support the needs of students with autism who are transitioning from either preschool to elementary school, or from elementary to secondary school. In this randomized controlled trial, the investigators will randomly assign a total of 160 families (40 families/site, across 4 sites, over 2 years) to one of two intervention groups: BBB Transition Passport Only Group (Comparison) or BBB Intervention Group. Both groups will receive the BBB Transition Passport, which include the Transition Checklist, Student Snapshot, Parent/Caregiver Guide, and Student Guide. In addition to receiving the Transition Passport, the BBB Intervention Group will also receive coaching support to implement these resources. The coach will be a member of the research team who will introduce the resources to the family, briefly teach them fundamental information about the transition process, provide brief coaching phone calls, and help parents identify an appropriate person at the school or district who can work with them to complete the Student Snapshot. The research staff will first recruit interested schools, and school administrators will identify potential teachers who may have eligible students. If the teacher agrees to participate, he/she will send the study flyer home to parents where parents can either call the study phone line to learn more, or can fill out the study interest portion of the flyer and turn it in to their teachers. Parents who fill out the interest sheet will be contacted by the research staff. Interested parents can also contact research staff. All parents will receive a screening over the telephone to determine eligibility, which will include an Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) over the phone and will ask if their child has received a diagnosis of Autism by the administration of an Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) or any other official diagnosis. The investigators will accept an ADOS diagnosis within one year for children in preschool and within three years for students transitioning to secondary school.. If an ADOS or any record of an official diagnosis is not provided, the research staff will schedule a time to administer the ADOS to determine eligibility. We will also ask if the child has a record of a cognitive test like the Stanford Binet-5. If parents do not have a record or if it has been over a year since the pre-school child or over 3 years since the older child has had one, the research staff will also schedule with the parents to administer it around the same time as the ADOS. After the initial phone screen and verification of autism diagnosis, the parent will be consented and then will complete baseline T1 measures. Pre-transition teachers will complete T1 measures as well. Schedule of measures can be found in the Outcome Measures Section. Following enrollment into the study, the child will be randomized to one of two treatment groups, BBB Comparison Group(Control) or BBB Intervention Group. Families randomized to the control group will only have access to the BBB Transition Passport, which consists of the Transition Checklist, Parent Guide, Student Guide, and the Student Snapshot. A hard copy of these tools will be given to them. We will also provide them with a link to download them online through LiveBinder (online website). Families randomized to the BBB Intervention group will be enrolled in ParentSquare if they agreed to it in the consent form. ParentSquare is an app that provides a safe and secure platform for program-to-parent communication. ParentSquare is in compliance with Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). Any school team members who want to use ParentSquare will be consented to use it and agree to allow the de-identified data from ParentSquare to be used for research purposes. The participants in this group will also have access to download the tools and share them with each other. Parents in the intervention group will also receive six, 1 hour, coaching sessions (one session per month for six months), with a research staff coach, to discuss key information about transitions (knowing parent's rights about special education services, communicating effectively with school staff, knowing the roles of the school team members, preparing their child over the summer, developing and sharing their Snapshot). These coaching sessions will occur individually (in-person or by telephone) during the pre-transition school year. In addition, parents will receive ongoing 1-2 monthly follow up phone calls (10 minutes each) to see how the transition planning is going, to help the parent problem-solve around any concerns about the transition, and to encourage the parent to implement all components of the intervention (including conducting at least one school visit, working on the student guide, and completing the Student Snapshot with the school team). These coaching calls are expected to start in February during the pre-transition school year and continue through November of the post-transition year. Coaching calls are designed to be flexible and brief and can occur in person or by telephone, or by a secure internet-based platform (Zoom), depending on the parent's preference. The coach will encourage the parent to identify a school staff member to help with preparing for the transition. This person can be the child's teacher, provider, or someone else from the school or district who can assist with the child's transition. The coach will encourage the parent to work with this school person to arrange a meeting prior to the transition (or join an existing meeting), for the purpose of completing the Student Snapshot and meeting with a post-transition teacher or staff from the receiving school, if possible. This school staff person can also help to recruit other school team members working on the transition process and to utilize Parent Square for all communication and sharing of transition materials. Any team member involved in the transition will be offered to be consented and given access to Parent Square. This meeting will occur at a time convenient for the school team, likely in April or May. If the post-transition school personnel can attend the meeting (if known prior to the transition), they will also be consented for the study form. During this meeting, everyone will work together to complete the BBB Passport materials. If the post transition school team is not able to participate in a pre-transition meeting, then the coach will encourage the parent to share the Student Snapshot with the post-transition teacher(s) and school team when the new school year begins in the Fall.

Enrollment

375 patients

Sex

All

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

* Children: * Transitioning into kindergarten or secondary school (middle/high school) * Parent-rated SCQ total score \> 15 and AT LEAST one of the following: * Positive ADOS-2 administered by research-reliable study personnel * Expert medical diagnosis or educational classification of ASD * Under-resourced, defined by: * Attending or transitioning into a Title I school (a school that receives federal funding to improve the performance of economically disadvantaged students)or rural school * Family income is under 250% of the federal guidelines for poverty rate (i.e., meets federal requirements to qualify for free or reduced lunch) * Parent/Caregiver willing to participate (Site PIs may request eligibility review by PIs across all AIR-B sites if a school is not Title I or rural but is demonstrably low-resource) Adults: * Must be a parent/caregiver of a child who meets criteria above * Must be a provider/teacher/school administrator or other adult involved in either the pre-transition process or the post transition process for a participating child.

Exclusion criteria

* Children: * Not transitioning into kindergarten or secondary school * No ASD diagnosis * Not meeting study criteria for classification as under-resourced * Parent/Caregiver unwilling to participate Adults: * Not a parent/guardian of a child with ASD * Not part of a participating child with ASD's pre or post transition team

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

375 participants in 2 patient groups

Transition Passport Comparison Group
No Intervention group
Description:
This group will only receive the Transition Passport, which includes the Transition Checklist, Student Snapshot, Parent/Caregiver Guide, and Student Guide.
Intervention Coaching Group
Experimental group
Description:
This group will also receive the Transition Passport, which includes the Transition Checklist, Student Snapshot, Parent/Caregiver Guide, and Student Guide. This group will also receive coaching support to implement these resources. The coach will be a member of the research team who will introduce the resources to the family, briefly teach them fundamental information about the transition process, provide brief coaching phone calls, and help parents identify an appropriate person at the school or district who can work with them to complete the Student Snapshot. This group will also use ParentSquare to enhance and encourage communication between parent and members of the child's school team.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Intervention Coaching Group

Trial contacts and locations

3

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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