BYL719 Plus Letrozole or Exemestane for Patients With Hormone-Receptor Positive Locally-Advanced Unresectable or Metastatic Breast Cancer

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) logo

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Metastatic or Locally-advanced Unresectable Breast Cancer

Treatments

Drug: Exemestane
Drug: BYL719
Drug: Letrozole

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT01870505
13-027

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to test the safety of a drug called BYL719 at different dose levels. The investigators want to find out what effects, good and/or bad, BYL719 has on the patient and breast cancer. BYL719 will be given with either letrozole or exemestane to patients with HR+ locally-advanced or metastatic breast cancer. When the recommended phase II dose of BYL719 in combination with letrozole or exemestane has been determined in the dose-finding phase, an additional 10 patients will be enrolled onto each arm in an expansion phase of the study. The purpose of the expansion phase is to further define the safety and feasibility of BYL719 in combination with letrozole or exemestane at the recommended phase II dose, and to estimate efficacy.

Enrollment

52 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Women age ≥ 18 years
  • Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan and laboratory tests
  • Willing and able to consent for biopsy of locally-advanced or metastatic breast cancer prior to treatment
  • Metastatic or locally-advanced unresectable breast cancer (includes metastatic or locally-advanced unresectable breast cancer which is diagnosed while on adjuvant letrozole or exemestane)
  • Histologically documented HR+ breast cancer in either the primary or metastatic setting, as defined by ER or PR ≥ 1%; results from the local lab are acceptable. Eligibility will not be affected by HER2 status.
  • The most recent treatment prior to enrollment must be one of the following (duration of treatment ≥2 weeks), and must have been adequately tolerated according the treating physician's judgment:
  • Letrozole
  • Exemestane
  • Exemestane + everolimus (everolimus must be discontinued for ≥ 3 weeks prior to starting study treatment)
  • Letrozole or exemestane in combination with an experimental agent(s) on a clinical trial, provided that the experimental agent(s) is not a PI3K inhibitor or AKT inhibitor (experimental agent(s) must be discontinued for ≥ 3 weeks prior to starting study treatment)
  • Any number of prior endocrine therapies (including tamoxifen, fulvestrant and/or aromatase inhibitors in either the adjuvant or metastatic setting) and any number of prior chemotherapy regimens. Anti-cancer systemic therapy, such as chemotherapy or biologics or endocrine therapy, other than the AI, must be discontinued for ≥ 3 weeks prior to starting study treatment.
  • For the dose-finding phase, patients must also have stable disease OR progression of disease on the most recent treatment. For the expansion phase, patients must have progression of disease on the most recent treatment. Progression of disease is defined as new or worsening disease on objective imaging. Progression of disease includes recurrence diagnosed while on adjuvant letrozole or exemestane.
  • Postmenopausal women, as defined by one of the following (estradiol assay cutoff takes into account that the patient is on aromatase inhibitor therapy):
  • Age ≥ 55 years and one year or more of amenorrhea
  • Age < 55 years and one year or more of amenorrhea, with an estradiol assay within the post-menopausal range
  • Age < 55 years with prior hysterectomy but intact ovaries, with an estradiol assay within the post-menopausal range
  • Surgical menopause with bilateral oophorectomy
  • Ovarian suppression with a LH-RH agonist, with an estradiol assay within the post-menopausal range at baseline and periodically on-study Measurable or non-measurable disease per RECIST criteria v1.1
  • ECOG performance status 0-1
  • Adequate organ function, as defined by all of the following:

Hematologic parameters:

  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/μl (without growth factor support)
  • Platelets ≥ 100,000/μl (no transfusion allowed within 2 weeks)
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dl (may be reached by transfusion)
  • Liver function:
  • Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) unless attributable to Gilbert's syndrome
  • AST ≤ 2.5 x ULN, or ≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastases are present
  • ALT ≤ 2.5 x ULN, or ≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastases are present

Kidney function:

  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 ULN
  • Endocrine function:
  • Fasting plasma glucose <140 mg/dl (may be on antiglycemic agents other than insulin). Fasting glucose measurement must be obtained at least 8 hours after the most recent caloric intake.
  • Ability to swallow oral medication
  • Willing to discontinue all herbal preparations / medications at least 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug and throughout the study. These include, but not limited to,St. John's wort, Kava, ephedra (ma huang), gingko biloba, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), yohimbe, saw palmetto, and ginseng.

Exclusion criteria

  • Pregnant patients or women who are breast-feeding (patients must be postmenopausal, see Section 6.1.9)

Patients with central nervous system (CNS) involvement may participate if:

  • Clinically stable with respect to the CNS tumor at the time of screening and >4 weeks from prior therapy completion (including radiation and/or surgery) to the start of study treatment
  • Not receiving steroid therapy
  • Not receiving enzyme inducing anti-epileptic medications that were started for brain metastases (these include carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, primidone, oxcarbazepine, topiramate, and vigabatrin) Prior PI3K inhibitor or AKT inhibitor (patients previously treated with everolimus are eligible, see rationale in Section 3.6)
  • History of toxicity to the most recent AI (letrozole or exemestane) that warrants cessation of the AI
  • Patients who have received radiotherapy ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study treatment
  • Patients who have undergone major surgery ≤ 4 weeks prior to starting study treatment, who have not recovered from side effects of such procedure
  • Uncontrolled diabetes (as defined by fasting glucose ≥ 140mg/dL) and/or insulin-dependent diabetes. Fasting glucose measurement must be obtained at least 8 hours after the most recent caloric intake. Patients currently requiring the use of antiglycemic agents (other than insulin) may be enrolled if fasting glucose <140mg/dL.
  • Current need for chronic corticosteroid therapy (≥10mg of prednisone daily or an equivalent dose of other corticosteroid), or patients who have received systemic corticosteroids ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study drug
  • Current therapeutic anticoagulation with warfarin (or coumarin derivatives) Active infection or serious underlying medical condition that would impair the patient's ability to receive protocol treatment
  • Clinically significant cardiac disease or impaired cardiac function, such as:
  • Congestive heart failure requiring treatment (e.g., New York Heart Association Class II, III or IV) Acute coronary syndromes < 3 months prior to screening (including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, coronary artery bypass graft, coronary angioplasty, or stenting)
  • Uncontrolled arterial hypertension defined by blood pressure > 140/100 mm Hg at rest (average of 3 consecutive readings)
  • History or current evidence of unstable, clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias or patients that require medications with a narrow therapeutic window, atrial fibrillation and/or conduction abnormality, e.g. congenital long QT syndrome, high-Grade/complete AV-blockage
  • Corrected QT interval (QTc) > 480 msec on screening ECG Patients who are currently receiving medication with a known risk of prolonging the QT interval or inducing Torsades de Pointes (TdP) and the treatment cannot either be discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to starting study drug treatment (see Section 9.6.3 and Appendix F)
  • Impaired gastrointestinal function or poorly controlled gastrointestinal disease that may significantly alter the absorption of oral BYL719 (e.g. Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection, uncontrolled nausea or vomiting, or grade ≥ 3 diarrhea of any etiology) based on treating physician assessment
  • Patients may not have a "currently active" second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers. Patients are not considered to have a "currently active" malignancy if they have completed therapy and are considered by their physician to be at less than 30% risk of relapse.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

52 participants in 4 patient groups

Arm A: BYL719 plus Letrozole
Experimental group
Description:
For both the dose-finding phase and the expansion phase, patients may have stable or progressive disease on letrozole, and BYL719 will be added. A treatment cycle will consist of 28 days. Treatment doses for each AI will be fixed at the established dose. Patients will continue on treatment until progression of disease or unacceptable toxicity. The initial scan interval to assess disease status will be every two cycles (8 weeks) for the first four cycles (16 weeks), and then every 3rd cycle (12 weeks) thereafter.
Treatment:
Drug: Letrozole
Drug: BYL719
Arm B: BYL719 plus Exemestane
Experimental group
Description:
For both the dose-finding phase and the expansion phase, patients may have stable or progressive disease on Exemestane, and BYL719 will be added. A treatment cycle will consist of 28 days. Treatment doses for each AI will be fixed at the established dose. Patients will continue on treatment until progression of disease or unacceptable toxicity. The initial scan interval to assess disease status will be every two cycles (8 weeks) for the first four cycles (16 weeks), and then every 3rd cycle (12 weeks) thereafter.
Treatment:
Drug: BYL719
Drug: Exemestane
Arm C: BYL719 plus Letrozole
Experimental group
Description:
For both the dose-finding and expansion phases of Arms C and D, patients may have stable or progressive disease on letrozole or exemestane, and BYL719 will be added.Letrozole 2.5mg orally once daily with BYL719 given on days 1-7 and 15-21 of a 28 day cycle. The starting dose of BYL719 in Arms C will be 250mg daily. Patients who are on study under Amendment 13, the scan interval will become every 4th cycle (16 weeks ±4 weeks) from their last scan.
Treatment:
Drug: Letrozole
Drug: BYL719
Arm D: BYL719 plus Exemestane
Experimental group
Description:
For both the dose-finding and expansion phases of Arms C and D, patients may have stable or progressive disease on letrozole or exemestane, and BYL719 will be added. Exemestane 25mg orally once daily BYL719 Days 1-5, 8-12, 15-19, 22-26 of 28 day cycle. For Arm D, the established dose is 350mg for BYL719 we are currently enrolling 10 patients to the corresponding arm in the expansion phase of the study. Patients who are on study under Amendment 13, the scan interval will become every 4th cycle (16 weeks ±4 weeks) from their last scan.
Treatment:
Drug: BYL719
Drug: Exemestane

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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