Canagliflozin in Patients With Acute Decompansted Heart Failure (The CANA -AHF)


October 6 University

Status and phase

Phase 3


Chronic Heart Failure
Acute Heart Failure
Diabetes Mellitus


Drug: Canagliflozin
Drug: Empagliflozin

Study type


Funder types



CL (2973)

Details and patient eligibility


The study aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of the early initiation of canagliflozin treatment in hospitalized heart failure patients with volume overload (warm-wet) who require the use of I.V loop diuretic during the hospitalization period.

Full description

The study will focus on the role of adding canagliflozin to I.V loop diuretic therapy early in unstable hospitalized acute heart failure patients regardless of diabetic state, patients who will be included in the study will continue on canagliflozin for 3 months after hospital discharge to evaluate the incidence of re-hospitalization, mortality rate and other benefits related to HF symptoms will be investigated.


144 estimated patients




18 to 65 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Randomized within 24 of presentation during hospital admission for hypervolemic ADHF with evidence of congestion defined by the presence of any of the following signs or symptoms:

Peripheral edema Ascites Jugular venous pressure > 10 mmHg Orthopnea Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea 2.5 kg weight gain Signs of congestion on chest X-ray or lung ultrasound If pulmonary artery catheterization is available pulmonary capillary wedge pressure > 19 mmHg plus a systemic physical examination finding of hypervolemia.

Planned use of intravenous (IV) loop diuretic therapy during the current hospitalization Estimated glomerular filtration rate (e-GFR) > 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 based on the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation.

Exclusion criteria

Type 1 diabetes Serum glucose < 80 mg/dL Systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg Requirement of IV inotropic therapy History of hypersensitivity to any SGLT-2 inhibitors Already receiving therapy with an SGLT2 inhibitor Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding Severe anemia (Hemoglobin < 7.5 g/dL)(24) Severe uncorrected aortic or mitral stenosis Inability to perform standing weights or measure urine output accurately Signs of ketoacidosis and/or hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic syndrome (pH >7.3 and glucose > 250 mg/dL and HCO3 > 18 mmol/L) in diabetic patients at the time of inclusion to the study.

The use of other diuretic therapies including; ≥100 mg/day spironolactone doses, ≥ 100 mg/day eplerenone, metolazone, hydrochlorothiazide, or other thiazides, systemic acetazolamide for the indication of diuretics, triamterene, or amiloride therapy.

The use of other medications possessing natriuretic effect as nesiritide, or arginine vasopressin antagonists.

Diffuse anasarca with 4+ edema and projected hypervolemia exceeding 18 kg. Severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C). Patients on hemodialysis Acute myocardial infarction with symptoms of acute ischemia or changes on electrocardiogram

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

144 participants in 2 patient groups

Group A(Intervention group)
Experimental group
patients will receive 100 mg canagliflozin initiated within 24 hours from patients hospital admission due to signs of hypervolemic state. All patients also will be prescribed the conventional diuretic therapy and other medications such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), beta-blockers, angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs). Canagliflozin will be continued for 90 days after hospital discharge
Drug: Canagliflozin
Group B
Active Comparator group
patients will receive 10 mg Empagliflozin initiated within 24 hours from patients hospital admission due to signs of a hypervolemic state.All patients also will be prescribed conventional diuretic therapy and other medications including ACEIs, ARBs, beta-blockers, ARNI, and MRAs.Empagliflozin will be continued for 90 days after hospital discharge
Drug: Empagliflozin

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Rabab A EL-Gazar, MSc

Data sourced from

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