Cefiderocol Pharmacokinetics in Adult Patients With Cystic Fibrosis

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Hartford Hospital

Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 4

Conditions

Cystic Fibrosis
Pneumonia, Bacterial

Treatments

Drug: Cefiderocol

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT05314764
HHC-2022-0078

Details and patient eligibility

About

There is established evidence that adult patients with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) may have altered antibiotic pharmacokinetics compared with non-CF patients. Cefiderocol is a newly approved broad spectrum intravenous siderophore cephalosporin antibiotic, which has potent in vitro activity against multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Burkholderia cepacia complex, Achromobacter species, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, all pathogens implicated in CF pulmonary exacerbations. This study will determine the pharmacokinetics and tolerability of cefiderocol in 12 adult CF patients admitted for a pulmonary exacerbation at one of 4 participating hospitals in the US. Patients will remain on standard of care IV antibiotics and receive 4-6 doses of cefiderocol 2 grams infused over 3 hours every 6-8 hours, depending on kidney function. Blood will be sampled after the final dose to determine concentrations and pharmacokinetics of cefiderocol. Safety and tolerability will be assessed throughout the 2 day study.

Full description

Participants will receive 4-6 doses of cefiderocol 2 grams every 6-8 hours, in addition to standard intravenous antibiotic therapy selected by the site. Just prior and then after the final dose, a total of nine blood samples will be collected to measure cefiderocol concentrations. Data will be fit to a population pharmacokinetic model. The final model will be utilized in a Monte Carlo simulation to determine the probability of several different dosing regimens retaining concentrations above the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for at least 75% of the dosing interval. These data will be utilized to determine an optimized dosing regimen for adults with CF.

Enrollment

12 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Documented diagnosis of CF
  • Acute pulmonary exacerbation as the primary reason for admission to the hospital with requirement to receive systemic antibiotic treatment

Exclusion criteria

  • Females that are pregnant and/or breastfeeding
  • History of any moderate or severe hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to any β-lactam antibiotic (a history of mild rash to a cephalosporin followed by uneventful re-exposure is not a contraindication)
  • History of a lung transplant at any time in the past or any other organ transplantation (e.g., liver) within the last 6 months
  • Moderate to severe renal dysfunction defined as a creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min (as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation using actual body weight) or requirement for continuous renal replacement therapy or hemodialysis
  • A hemoglobin less than 8 gm/dL at baseline
  • Any rapidly-progressing disease or immediately life-threatening illness (defined as imminent death within 48 hours in the opinion of the investigator)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Other

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

12 participants in 1 patient group

Cefiderocol
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive intravenous cefiderocol at a dosing regimen consistent with the current prescribing information and according estimated renal function. Each dose will be infused over 3 hours.
Treatment:
Drug: Cefiderocol

Trial contacts and locations

4

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Central trial contact

Joseph L Kuti, PharmD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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