Characterizing and Predicting Drug Effects on Cognition

University of Minnesota (UMN) logo

University of Minnesota (UMN)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Cognitive Deficits

Treatments

Drug: Topiramate 200mg
Drug: Topiramate 100mg
Drug: Lorazepam
Drug: Topiramate 150mg
Other: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01889602
CPDEC

Details and patient eligibility

About

Cognitive impairment is a widely reported side effect of many commonly used drugs. Even a mild, untoward effect on an essential function such a linguistic behavior, a directly observable product of complex cognitive processes, is disruptive to daily life. Nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying a drug's impact on cognition are poorly understood. This lack of understanding impedes the ability to predict both the effects of drugs in development and the degree to which an individual is vulnerable to the cognitive impact of a particular agent. Topiramate (TPM, an antiepileptic drug) is, with increasing frequency, being prescribed for a range of conditions including migraine prophylaxis, obesity and pain. It is a prime example of a drug that causes speech and language problems severe enough in some patients to result in discontinuation of therapy. For reasons not well understood, TPM has a poorer cognitive profile than many of the older antiepileptic drugs. The investigators' rational for this study is that it will offer insight into the mechanisms underlying drug-induced cognitive deficits.

Full description

The investigators' long-term goal is to enhance clinical strategies and inform drug development in order to maximize the benefits of individual drug therapy while minimizing adverse cognitive/language-related side effects. The investigators' objective in this application is to elucidate the relationship among drug exposure as measured by plasma drug levels, its neurophysiological effects, and consequent effects on the cognitive processes observable in everyday language use. Using topiramate (TPM) as a prototype, the investigators will apply the tools of clinical pharmacology, computational linguistics, neuroscience, and engineering to the design and execution of randomized, double blind, crossover studies using three (3) doses of TPM, one (1) dose of a comparator drug (lorazepam-LZP) and a placebo. In order to isolate the cognitive effects of TPM from those possibly arising from an underlying medical condition, subjects will be healthy adults. The investigators will capitalize on an innovative system for automated language and speech analysis (SALSA) developed in our laboratory, to quantify the effects of TPM administration on effective language use, a crucial component of normal day-to-day functioning.

Enrollment

60 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 50 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Healthy men and women
  • Ages 18-50
  • Women are post-menopausal or using approved birth control methods
  • To control for brain lateralization of language functions, subjects need to have a dominant right hand.

Exclusion criteria

  • Presence of clinically significant cardiovascular, endocrine, hematopoietic, hepatic, renal, neurologic, and/or psychiatric disease including suicidality
  • Vision or hearing impairments
  • Current or a history of drug or alcohol abuse
  • living outside of the Twin Cities Metropolitan area.
  • The use of concomitant medications known to affect Topiramate (TPM), Lorazepam (LZP), or the use of any concomitant medications that may alter cognitive function
  • Prior adverse reaction or prior hypersensitivity to TPM, LZP or related compounds
  • A positive pregnancy test (administered to all women before enrollment, and prior to each study session).
  • Subjects who have received any investigational drug within the previous 30 days

Trial design

Primary purpose

Other

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

60 participants in 3 patient groups

Topiramate 100mg
Experimental group
Description:
Participant will receive 3 single-dose treatments with 2-week washout between each treatment. At each of 3 treatments, participants will receive 100mg torpiramate, 2mg lorazepam, or placebo. Treatment order is randomized. All participants in this arm will receive all 3 treatments.
Treatment:
Other: Placebo
Drug: Lorazepam
Drug: Topiramate 100mg
Topiramate 150mg
Experimental group
Description:
Participant will receive 3 single-dose treatments with 2-week washout between each treatment. At each of 3 treatments, participants will receive 150mg torpiramate, 2mg lorazepam, or placebo. Treatment order is randomized. All participants in this arm will receive all 3 treatments.
Treatment:
Drug: Topiramate 150mg
Other: Placebo
Drug: Lorazepam
Topiramate 200mg
Experimental group
Description:
Participant will receive 3 single-dose treatments with 2-week washout between each treatment. At each of 3 treatments, participants will receive 200mg torpiramate, 2mg lorazepam, or placebo. Treatment order is randomized. All participants in this arm will receive all 3 treatments.
Treatment:
Other: Placebo
Drug: Lorazepam
Drug: Topiramate 200mg

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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