Chemoprevention of Anal Neoplasia Arising Secondary to Anogenital Human Papillomavirus Infection in Persons With HIV Infection.

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) logo

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Anus Neoplasms
HIV Infections

Treatments

Drug: Interferon alfa-2a
Drug: Isotretinoin

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00000764
11193 (Registry Identifier)
ACTG 216

Details and patient eligibility

About

PRIMARY: In Phase I, to define a broadly tolerable dose of isotretinoin that can be used in combination with interferon alfa-2a (IFN alfa-2a). In Phase II, to determine trends in efficacy of isotretinoin alone or in combination with IFN alfa-2a as chemoprevention (preventing progression or recurrence) of anal intraepithelial neoplasia ( AIN ) / squamous intraepithelial lesions ( SIL ) in patients with HIV infection. SECONDARY: To evaluate the effects of isotretinoin alone or in combination with IFN alfa-2a on immune function markers, human papillomavirus (HPV) type, and HPV DNA levels. Patients with HIV infection have a significant risk of recurrence following local ablation of intraepithelial neoplasia; thus, anogenital epithelial may become an increasingly important cause of morbidity, and possibly mortality, as the HIV epidemic matures. Clinical studies of non-HIV-infected subjects have established that synthetic retinoids inhibit the progression of epithelial preneoplastic conditions and some neoplastic states.

Full description

Patients with HIV infection have a significant risk of recurrence following local ablation of intraepithelial neoplasia; thus, anogenital epithelial may become an increasingly important cause of morbidity, and possibly mortality, as the HIV epidemic matures. Clinical studies of non-HIV-infected subjects have established that synthetic retinoids inhibit the progression of epithelial preneoplastic conditions and some neoplastic states. In the Phase I portion of the study, 20 patients per site each receive isotretinoin in escalating doses. If a patient experiences grade 2 or worse toxicity (or grade 3 or worse hypertriglyceridemia), dose is reduced to the previously tolerated dose for the remainder of the 6 week period. Patients are then reassessed for anal neoplasia; those with no progression and no grade 2 or worse toxicity receive an additional 6 weeks of isotretinoin in combination with interferon alfa-2a. For Phase II of the study, a separate group of patients who have undergone ablative therapy are randomized to one of three arms (26 patients/arm): isotretinoin alone at the dose tolerated by at least 60 percent of patients in Phase I; isotretinoin plus interferon alfa-2a; or observation only. Treatment continues for 48 weeks.

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • PCP prophylaxis (required for patients with CD4 count < 200 cells/mm3).
  • Chemoprophylaxis for candidiasis and herpes simplex.
  • Metronidazole for up to 14 days.
  • Erythropoietin.

Patients must have:

  • HIV seropositivity.
  • NO active opportunistic infection requiring treatment with prohibited drugs.
  • Phase I - Current grade 1 AIN (i.e., low grade SIL) OR treated or untreated grade 2 or 3 AIN (i.e., high grade SIL).

Phase II - Prior histologically confirmed grade 2 or 3 AIN / high grade SIL, with ablative therapy within the past 30-90 days.

  • Capability of complying with study protocol.

NOTE:

  • The terms condyloma, grade 1 AIN, and low grade SIL are interchangeable. Grade 2 or 3 AIN is interchangeable with high grade SIL.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Active medical problems for which the patient is undergoing evaluations or for which prohibited therapy is required.
  • Other active malignancies requiring systemic therapy.
  • Significant symptomatic cardiac disease.

NOTE:

  • Patients with malignancies being managed with local therapy (e.g., Kaposi's sarcoma, basal cell carcinoma) may enroll at the discretion of the site investigator.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • G-CSF (filgrastim).
  • Myelosuppressive antibiotics (except co-trimoxazole for PCP prophylaxis).
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Biologic response modifiers.
  • Cytotoxic chemotherapy.

Concurrent Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Radiation therapy.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

History of ventricular arrhythmias or myocardial infarction.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 20 days prior to study entry:

  • G-CSF (filgrastim).
  • Myelosuppressive antibiotics (except co-trimoxazole for PCP prophylaxis).
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Biologic response modifiers.
  • Cytotoxic chemotherapy.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded within 20 days prior to study entry:

  • Radiation therapy.

Excluded within 14 days prior to study entry:

  • Transfusion.

Active substance abuse or illegal drug use (alcohol consumption is strongly discouraged).

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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