Child Life Intervention to Decrease Anxiety in Patients and Caregivers for Outpatient Surgical Intervention

A

Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Status

Completed

Conditions

Surgery

Treatments

Behavioral: Child Life

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03075059
2016-161

Details and patient eligibility

About

Determine preoperative and postoperative levels of anxiety for pediatric patients ages 6-17 related to outpatient surgical intervention using the validated Psychosocial Risk Assessment in Pediatrics (PRAP) assessment tool, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Adults(STAI-AD), and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAI-CH) Determine preoperative and postoperative levels of anxiety for parent/guardian of pediatric patients ages 6 - 17 related to outpatient surgical intervention using the validate PsychosocialRisk Assessment in Pediatrics (PRAP) assessment tool and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Adults (STAI-AD). Assess if additional Child Life intervention offered pre-operatively to one group demonstrates differences in PRAP scores compared to control group

Full description

This is a prospective, interventional study with two groups of patients scheduled for outpatient surgery at Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago. Participants eligible for enrollment will be identified and screened upon diagnosis and/or at the time of referral for surgery until patient enrollment is completed. Based on a power analysis, using average scores and norms for the validated tool with a projected difference of four points difference between groups, minimum enrollment is 22 per group, 44 patients total to detect a statistically significant difference based on established parameters. Potential participants will be identified in the outpatient clinic setting once a physician and family has agreed to pursue surgical invention. The research team will consent either during clinical evaluation or following surgical consent obtainment. All questions will be answered prior to obtaining signed study consent. Once consent is received, Child Life will be paged to observe the patient and caregiver along with the physician provider in order to observe and assess behavior required to complete the PRAP assessment form. Additionally, the patient and parent/guardian will be asked to complete the STAI-CH and STAI-AD assessments as appropriate per age. After the completion of the assessments the patient and family will be randomly assigned to intervention or control group. Only the Child Life Specialist and research staff facilitating the intervention will be unblinded as to which patients are in which group, which is necessary for conducting the study. All other study staff will remain blinded. For patients randomized to the intervention group, the Child Life specialist will reach out via telephone to offer support and expertise in helping prepare their child and themselves for outpatient surgery to help decrease anxiety and increase coping. Concepts covered will include: developmentally appropriate language for explaining surgery and related procedures, potential coping skills to ease separation for caregivers and pediatric patients. Additionally, written materials (attached) covering the same information will be sent via mail or email covering the same information discussed in the phone conversation to serve as a refresher and resource before the day of surgery. On the day of surgery, the patient will receive standard of care (SOC) Child Life Services available to all patients. Patients randomized to the control group will not receive the preoperative phone call or written materials and will only receive SOC Child Life services on the day of surgery. After the surgical induction or day of the procedure, the Child Life Specialist will complete the PRAP and document in EPIC per SOC procedures. The Child Life Specialist will also attend the postoperative and complete the third PRAP based on feedback from the patient, family/caregiver and providing surgeon. At this postoperative time the patient and parent/guardian will be asked to complete the STAI-CH and STAI-AD assessments as appropriate per age for the second time. Once data is collected, analysis will compare PRAP, STAI-CH, and STAI-AD scores between groups at all three points on the timeline. Information gained may be used to help direct and develop interventions to help decrease patient and family anxiety and increase coping related to surgical intervention

Enrollment

72 patients

Sex

All

Ages

6 to 17 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Participants will be patients ages 6 - 17 and their families/caregivers that are scheduled for outpatient surgical intervention in the division of pediatric surgery of Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago. Patients receiving low acute, lower risk procedures will be enrolled

Exclusion criteria

Patients who may turn 18 during the course of the study will not be eligible for enrollment and will be excluded.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

72 participants in 2 patient groups

Intervention
Experimental group
Description:
For patients randomized to the intervention group, the Child Life specialist will reach out via telephone to offer support and expertise in helping prepare their child and themselves for outpatient surgery to help decrease anxiety and increase coping. Concepts covered will include: developmentally appropriate language for explaining surgery and related procedures, potential coping skills to ease separation for caregivers and pediatric patients. Additionally, written materials (attached) covering the same information will be sent via mail or email covering the same information discussed in the phone conversation to serve as a refresher and resource before the day of surgery. On the day of surgery, the patient will receive standard of care (SOC) Child Life Services available to all patients.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Child Life
Control
No Intervention group
Description:
Patients randomized to the control group will not receive the preoperative phone call or written materials and will only receive SOC Child Life services on the day of surgery.

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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