China Antiretroviral Treatment Adherence for Life (AFL)

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Boston University

Status

Completed

Conditions

HIV Infections

Treatments

Behavioral: Electronic drug monitoring feedback data

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00661258
H-25495
GHS-A-00-03-00030-00 (Other Grant/Funding Number)

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study focuses on collecting and analyzing quantitative data related to adherence to antiretroviral treatment from patients in Dali, China, over a one-year time-frame and generating preliminary data on an intervention designed to improve adherence to antiretroviral treatment among the study population.

Full description

This study is a continuation of "Adherence for Life (AFL): Phase I: Exploratory Research" (H-25203), which focused on collecting and analyzing qualitative data on adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART) among HIV-positive patients in Dali, Yunnan Province, China. Like Phase I, the AFL Pilot Study (Phases II and III) will be a collaborative effort between US researchers based in Boston, MA and Chinese researchers based in Beijing and Dali. The current study, Phases II and III, will focus on collecting and analyzing qualitative and quantitative data related to adherence to ART over a one-year time-frame and generating preliminary data on an intervention designed to improve adherence to ART among the study population. The questionnaires used in these phases of the study will draw on the results of Phase I as well as standardized instruments adapted to the Chinese context. The specific aims of the study are as follows: (1) To determine the best surrogate measure of ART adherence among the study population; (2) To determine ART adherence rates in this population; (3) To analyze the relationship between adherence factors and measured adherence rates; and (4) To generate preliminary effectiveness data on an intervention that makes use of electronic drug monitors (EDM) to improve ART adherence.

Enrollment

80 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Patients who are 18 years of age or older, currently on antiretroviral treatment or about to begin it, live in the study catchment area, and are willing to provide informed consent.

Exclusion criteria

Persons below the age of 18 years, persons who are not currently on or about to start antiretroviral treatment, persons who live outside the study catchment area, or person not willing to provide informed consent.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

80 participants in 2 patient groups

Intervention
Experimental group
Description:
The intervention group patients were given their electronic drug monitoring feedback data at each monthly visit. The study coordinator would quickly calculate whether the patient's adherence was below 95% in the previous month. If so, that patient was flagged for enhanced counseling with a clinic doctor and this counseling was based on a printout containing the electronic drug monitoring data.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Electronic drug monitoring feedback data
Comparison
No Intervention group
Description:
The comparison group patients were not given the data from the electronic data monitoring feedback data. Instead, they filled out a self report form that all patients fill out. If they indicated in this report that their adherence in the previous was less than 95%, then they were flagged for "enhanced counseling" with a doctor. This counseling was based on the patient's self report. Thus both groups received enhanced counseling if they indicated poor adherence, but only the intervention group were given their electronic data output.

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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