Circadian Macular Volume Changes in the Choroid (CVdi)


Medical University of Graz




Choroid Physiology

Study type


Funder types



Details and patient eligibility


Choroidal volume measured fluctuates significantly over a 24 hour time frame.

Full description

All patients undergo enhanced depth imaging (EDI) by the Spectralis SD-OCT device (Heidelberg Spectralis HRA2, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany). SD-OCT measurements will be performed in both eyes after pupil dilation.

Scanning Protocol: This studies choroidal volume measurement protocol has been previously published. In short, 31 high resolution B-scans centered at the fovea will be obtained by a single investigator. To optimize image quality each B-scan will be averaged from at least 25 individual scans using the build in eye tracking software (TrueTrack, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany). Scan length will be set to 9.3mm and spacing to 240µm, resulting in a 30x25 degree area around the fovea.

Each individual will undergo SD-OCT measurement every 3 hours within a 24 hour timeframe (at 0, 3, 6, 9 12, 15, 18, and 21 o'clock; 8 times total). Additionally, automated blood pressure measurement and Goldmann applanation tonometry will be performed every 3 hours. Subject will be instructed to sleep in erect position from 21 to 6 o'clock, and will be awoken for examination at 0 and 3.

OCT Analysis: Two retinal specialists will manually adjust the segmentation lines for automated choroidal volume calculation by the devices build in software. Choroidal thickness is defined as the layer between the outer boarder of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and the hyper reflective layer behind the large vessels of the choroid (chorio-scleral interface). The devices Software thus generates a three-dimensional choroidal thickness map, divided according to the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (EDTRS) grid. In addition to this, subfoveal choroidal thickness will be measured manually using the SD-OCTs integrated caliper tool, drawing a perpendicular line to the RPE within the aforementioned bounds.

This is considered a pilot study, so explorative data analysis will be performed.


15 patients




18 to 65 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • age 18-65, signed informed consent form,

Exclusion criteria

  • any ocular pathology, including history of ocular surgery or trauma, use of ocular medication, elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), or significant vitreous floaters. Further exclusion criteria were current use of any systemic medications, history of cardio-vascular disease, diabetes mellitus, or hypertension

Trial design

15 participants in 1 patient group

healthy subject
healthy subject, every 3 hour measurement

Trial contacts and locations



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