Clinical and Immunological Long-term Follow-up of Patients With Pemphigus Included in the "RITUXIMAB 3" Trial (LTFURITUX3)

U

University Hospital, Rouen

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 3

Conditions

Autoimmune Diseases

Treatments

Drug: Rituximab
Drug: corticosteroids'therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03790293
2018/070/HP

Details and patient eligibility

About

Pemphigus is an autoimmune disease specific to the skin and mucous membranes characterized by the production of IgG4 isotype autoantibodies (AC) directed mainly against two proteins involved in interkeratinocyte adhesion: desmoglein 1 (Dsg1 ) and desmoglein 3 (Dsg3) (1-3). The binding of auto-AC on these proteins disrupts their adhesion function, resulting in inter-keratinocyte dysjunction called "acantholysis" responsible for the formation of intraepidermal bubbles. Treatment of pemphigus is typically based on systemic corticosteroids. High doses are usually necessary because of the frequent cortico-resistance of the disease. In recent years, several studies have focused on the treatment of pemphigus with anti-CD20: rituximab. The "Ritux 3" study (NCT00784589), a randomized, multicentre, randomized, non-blind clinical trial involving 90 patients, found that the use of rituximab as first-line therapy in combination with short corticosteroid therapy was extremely effective and that cortisone sparing was thus obtained limited the occurrence of side effects of treatment. On the other hand, this study showed that the 2 rituximab maintenance infusions of 500 mg to M12 and M18 allowed the maintenance of a high rate of complete remission up to the 3rd year of follow-up. Questions remain to explain the long-term action of rituximab, in particular that of the evolution of these auto-reactive B cells (specific DSG) away from lymphocyte reconstitution B, as well as the evolution of auto-AC. anti-DSG and total IgG CAs, so as to ensure that the disappearance of the auto-reactive compartment is not accompanied by a long-term overall immunosuppression (and therefore a possible risk of infection). The immunological changes induced in the long term as well as the precise mechanism of action of these treatments and particularly rituximab which allows a complete remission 5 years after treatment in many patients remain little known.

Enrollment

90 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patient included in the RITUXIMAB 3 study
  • Major patient who has read and understood the newsletter and signed the consent form

Exclusion criteria

  • Person deprived of liberty by an administrative or judicial decision
  • Person placed under the safeguard of justice
  • Person under tutorship or curators
  • Pregnant or lactating woman

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

90 participants in 2 patient groups

Rituximab
Experimental group
Description:
Rituximab in combination with reduced corticosteroids is administrated
Treatment:
Drug: corticosteroids'therapy
Drug: Rituximab
Standard corticosteroid
Active Comparator group
Description:
Standard corticosteroid is administrated
Treatment:
Drug: corticosteroids'therapy

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Pascal JOLY

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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