Clinical Impact of Donor Milk Pasteurized by HTST Treatment in Preterm Infants

C

Carmen Rosa Pallas

Status

Completed

Conditions

Late-Onset Neonatal Sepsis

Treatments

Other: donor milk

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04424667
Neo-HTST

Details and patient eligibility

About

Randomized double-blind clinical trial to compare the incidence of microbiological proven late onset sepsis in extremely preterm infants (\<1000 grams) that are supplemented with donor milk pasteurized by High Temperature Short Time (HTST) method versus the Holder method.

Full description

Donor milk pasteurized by an innovative High Temperature Short Time (HTST) system (patented by researchers) retains more immune and trophic compounds than pasteurized milk by traditional Holder method. These compounds are related to the protection conferred by breast milk against nosocomial sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants, so it would be of interest to study if there is a clinical benefit in these patients when health professionals are supplementing with donor milk pasteurized by both methods. The purpose of this study is to compare the incidence of microbiological proven late onset sepsis in newborns under 1000 grams that in the first 28 days of life need to be supplemented with donor milk pasteurized by HTST method versus the Holder method. This is a randomized double-blind clinical trial with parallel assignment. A total of 305 premature babies with a birth weight of less than 1000 grams will be recruited, admitted to the Neonatology Services of the Hospital 12 de Octubre and the Hospital de La Paz and meet the inclusion criteria. Half of the patients will be supplemented exclusively with donor milk pasteurized by the HTST system and the other half with pasteurized milk by the Holder method. Linear generalized models will be used for longitudinal data analysis.

Enrollment

211 patients

Sex

All

Ages

Under 28 days old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria (all criteria are necessary) :

  • Infants weighing 1000 grams or less at birth
  • Infants born or transferred before the third day of life to the participating centers
  • Start enteral feeding in the first week of life
  • Receive any amount of donor milk in the first 28 days of life
  • Informed consent signed by parents or legal guardians

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Language barrier
  • Infants with chromosomopathies
  • Infants with major congenital malformations
  • Infants with severe asphyxiation (cord pH or first arterial pH <7)
  • Infants included in another clinical trial that modifies nutritional management
  • Infants who previously fed with formula

Post-randomization exclusion criteria:

  • Randomized infant who do not fulfill inclusion criteria

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

211 participants in 2 patient groups

Holder pasteurization
Active Comparator group
Description:
Donor milk pasteurized by Holder method (62.5ºC, 30 minutes)
Treatment:
Other: donor milk
HTST pasteurization
Experimental group
Description:
Donor milk pasteurized by High Temperature Short Time (HTST) method (72ºC, 15 seconds)
Treatment:
Other: donor milk

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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