Clinical Screening for Firearm Violence Risk

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University of Michigan

Status

Active, not recruiting

Conditions

Firearm Injury

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other
Other U.S. Federal agency

Identifiers

NCT05436457
1R01CE003294-01 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
HUM00188023

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of the proposed work is to harness cutting-edge machine learning methods to optimize prediction of future firearm violence in youth ages 18-24 so that prevention resources can be allocated efficiently.

Full description

Firearm violence is a public health crisis in the United States, and new epidemiological data suggest we may have reached a new endemic level of firearm mortality in recent years. Youth are disproportionately affected by firearm violence, with those age 18-24 being demonstrably the highest risk group. This study will recruit 1,500 youth age 18-24 from urban emergency departments (EDs) in three broadly different locales-Flint, Philadelphia, and Seattle-and administer a baseline survey covering several domains of potential risk factors for future violence, and follow up with those youth at 6- and 12-months to ascertain the primary outcome-firearm violence involvement (as victim or perpetrator, including threats and sub-clinical injuries)-as well as the secondary outcomes: high-risk firearm behaviors, non-firearm violence, and violent injury. This work will generate new insights into the prediction of firearm violence, and will lay the ground for future research involving the development and testing of interventions for interpersonal firearm violence both by identifying potential high-leverage modifiable predictive factors, and by focusing on youth most in need of intervention.

Enrollment

1,506 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 24 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Flint, Philadelphia, or Seattle Youth between the ages of 18-24 seeking care for any reason at Hurley Medical Center, the Hospital of University of Pennsylvania, Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, or Harborview Medical Center Emergency Department
  • Can provide consent for the study

Exclusion criteria

  • Do not understand English (<1% in prior work)
  • Unable to provide consent due to mental status (e.g., alcohol intoxication, acute psychosis) or medical instability.
  • ED visit requiring intensive psychosocial services (e.g., sexual assault, psychosis, active suicidal ideation, or child abuse)
  • In active police custody/prisoners (as they cannot provide consent)

Trial design

1,506 participants in 1 patient group

18-24 Year Olds in Emergency Department
Description:
Individuals age 18-24 recruited from one of the four study sites in Flint (1 hospital), Seattle (1 hospital), and Philadelphia (2 hospitals)

Trial contacts and locations

4

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Central trial contact

Amanda Ballestros, MPH

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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