Clinical Validation of Novel Malaria Diagnostic Tools for POC Point-of-Care Testing


Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics (FIND)




Diagnoses Disease

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The aim of this study is to perform a performance evaluation of novel diagnostic tools for detecting malaria in malaria-endemic countries. At the beginning of 2022, FIND launched a call for innovation with the distinct aim to identify malaria innovations that have the potential to address the technical and operational limitations of current malaria RDTs, particularly in view of the emergence of P. falciparum parasites with hrp2/3 deletions, the need for improved tools to identify all Plasmodium species and/or the need for improved surveillance. This study will generate valuable data on the performance of these novel non-HRP2-based tests and inform FIND and developers on technical and operational assay optimization requirements for accelerated access of these tools to market.

Full description

This study aims to support product development efforts towards novel malaria diagnostics not HRP2-based by providing early-stage technology developers with valuable information on performance and basic feasibility data that can help to accelerate development. The WHO now recommends that where pfhrp2/3 gene deletions are reported (within countries or in neighboring countries), representative baseline surveys are to be conducted among suspected cases. If >5% of false negative RDT results are attributed to these deletions, a change in RDT is necessary. Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH), appears as a good alternative to HRP2 as it is an essential protein expressed by all human-infecting Plasmodium species. However, pLDH-based RDTs have shown to perform poorly at low parasitaemia, which is common among patients infected with P. vivax, P. malariae and P. ovale species as well as in asymptomatic infections. Thus, RDTs not based on HRP2 are limited; moreover, WHO prequalified ones that can detect and distinguish between Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are non-existent. The current malaria diagnostic landscape demands more innovation supporting and accelerating the development of new malaria diagnostic tools that that tackle these emerging issues.


509 patients




5+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Aged 5 years or older
  • Presenting at the study site with symptoms and signs suggestive of malaria
  • Freely agreeing to participate by signing an informed consent form (adults aged 18 and older and parent/legal guardian of a child) and providing assent (children aged 13-17)
  • Willing to provide venous blood sample and other samples such as foot odour.

Exclusion criteria

  • Presence of symptoms and signs of severe disease and/or central nervous system infections, as defined by WHO guidelines

Participants are excluded from the foot odour collection if the following exclusion criteria apply:

  • Skin lesions on the feet
  • Infected skin on the feet
  • Infected toenails

Trial contacts and locations



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