Clozapine/Paliperidone Versus Clozapine/Placebo in Resistant Schizophrenia


Universidad Nacional de Rosario

Status and phase

Phase 4


Schizophrenic Disorders
Psychotic Disorder


Drug: paliperidone clozapine

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


augmentation of clozapine with paliperidone in the treatment of resistant schizophrenia has not been tested until now in randomized controlled trials. This combination is supposed to have therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of resistant schizophrenia.

Full description

This is a 12 weeks, blind study (the patient, investigator, and sponsor do not know the study drug and dosage being taken by the patient) of the safety and tolerability of flexible-dose (3 to 12mg per day), extended-release (ER) paliperidone in combination with clozapine with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Patients who have completed study or who discontinued from that study because of lack of efficacy but completed a minimum of 21 days of the study may enter this study. This study consists of a 21-day screening and washout phase (to discontinue and "wash out" any medication not allowed in the study), and a double blind treatment phase of 12 weeks, during which all patients will take oral paliperidone ER every day and clozapine versus clozapine alone, and a post-treatment phase consisting of a follow-up visit completed 1 week after a patient has received the final dose of paliperidone ER. The study, including the screening and posttreatment phase, will last approximately 30 weeks. Screening and washout may be conducted while a patient is an outpatient. Safety will be assessed by laboratory measurements (chemistry, liver function tests, hematology, hormone, lipid assessments, prolactin [blinded], urinalysis, and urine drug screens; body weight, height, and waist circumference measurements; ECGs and the ESRS (extrapyramidal syndrome rating scale). These instruments will be used to assess extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) and dyskinesias. Adverse events will be monitored including psychiatric adverse events of interest (worsening of psychosis, hyperprolactinemia, weight gain) that may be associated with paliperidone ER in this population. The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term (12 weeks) safety and tolerability of clozapine/paliperidone ER in resistant schizophrenia. As exploratory secondary aims, the study will assess the effect of clozapine/paliperidone ER on the long-term symptoms of schizophrenia as measured by the changes in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS) scores, the global improvement in severity of illness as measured by the Clinical Global Impression(CGI) scale. Patients begin the study at 6.0 mg/day of oral paliperidone ER. If a higher dosage is needed, the dosage will be increased (in increments of 3 mg/day not more frequently than once every 5 days) to 12 mg/day. If the 6.0 mg/day dosage is not well tolerated, the dosage may be decreased (not more frequently than once every 5 days) to 3.0 mg/day. Patients will be dosed for up to 6 months.


70 patients




20 to 50 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

resistant schizophrenia failure in therapeutic response to three previous antipsychotic drugs -

Exclusion criteria

age upper 50 other psychiatric diagnosis head trauma neurological diseases -

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Quadruple Blind

70 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

paliperidone clozapine BPRS
Active Comparator group
patients assigned to clozapine plus paliperidone controls at 6 and 12 weeks
Drug: paliperidone clozapine
clozapine plus placebo BPRS
Placebo Comparator group
patients assigned to placebo plus clozapine should show less improvement
Drug: paliperidone clozapine

Trial contacts and locations



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