CO-OPerative Training for Stroke Rehabilitation

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University of Pittsburgh

Status

Completed

Conditions

Attention Control
CO-OP

Treatments

Behavioral: CO-OP
Behavioral: Attention Control

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT02755805
K12HD055931 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
PRO09010473

Details and patient eligibility

About

Cognitive impairments occur frequently after stroke, and are associated with significant long-term activities of daily living (ADL) disability and poor quality of life. This research study will undertake an innovative approach addressing cognitive impairments, by examining a new patient-centered functionally-relevant rehabilitation intervention that teaches individuals with cognitive impairments to manage their deficits to reduce ADL disability.

Full description

Cognitive impairments are characterized by problems sustaining attention in distracting conditions, shifting attention between different task demands, and using working memory to consistently execute intended actions, and as a result limit the ability to execute routine ADLs. Presently there are no interventions that have demonstrated robust effectiveness in reducing disability among individuals with cognitive impairments after stroke. Recent findings suggest that individuals with cognitive impairments may experience ADL disability in part because they have difficulty engaging in, and benefiting from rehabilitation programs as they are currently delivered. In other words, individuals with cognitive impairment, due to the nature of their impairments, have difficulty learning and applying adaptive strategies as they are currently provided during traditional rehabilitation training. Therefore, interventions that train individuals with cognitive impairments a new way to learn and apply adaptive strategies may help them benefit from rehabilitation programs and reduce long-term disability. Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupation Performance (CO-OP) is a strategy training approach that trains individuals to identify problems in the performance of daily activities, develop strategies to address these problems, and monitor their own performance in the course of their daily routines. Therefore, CO-OP teaches individuals to "take charge" of their rehabilitation, and develop adaptive behaviors to "work around" cognitive impairments to meet their goals. The proposed project examines whether CO-OP facilitates reductions in ADL disability and improvements in rehabilitation engagement among individuals with cognitive impairments after acute stroke.

Enrollment

30 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • primary diagnosis of acute stroke
  • admission to acute inpatient rehabilitation
  • impairment in cognitive functions (Quick Executive Interview ≥ 3)

Exclusion criteria

  • dementia diagnosis (as indicated in the medical record)
  • severe aphasia as indicated by score ≥ 2 on the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination (3rd Edition) Severity Rating Scale (BDAE-3)
  • current major depressive disorder (unless treated and in partial remission), bipolar or any other psychotic disorder (Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders)
  • drug or alcohol abuse within 3 months (Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview)
  • anticipated length of stay less than 5 days

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

30 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

CO-OP
Experimental group
Description:
Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) is a strategy training approach that trains individuals to identify problems in the performance of their daily activities, develop strategies to address these problems, and monitor their own performance in the course of their daily routines. Participants use a workbook to support their application of the strategy training.
Treatment:
Behavioral: CO-OP
Attention Control
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
The attention control intervention controls for the non-specific effects of strategy training. The therapists administer the standardized and dose-matched protocol, using scripted open-ended questions to facilitate participants' reflections on their rehabilitation activities and experiences. Participants complete a daily journal, merely reviewing their rehabilitation activities.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Attention Control

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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