Cohort Study of Clinically Isolated Syndrome and Early Multiple Sclerosis (CIS-COHORT)

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Charité University Medicine Berlin

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Multiple Sclerosis, MS
Clinically Isolated Syndrome

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01371071
EK1/2011

Details and patient eligibility

About

A majority of patients with multiple sclerosis initially presents with a single demyelinating event, e.g. in the optic nerves, brain, brainstem or spinal cord, referred to as a clinically isolated syndrome (CIS). Not all patients with CIS get a relapse and develop multiple sclerosis but in those patients who do, irreversible damage of the central nervous system, e.g. axonal damage, is already detectable in that early stage of disease. Early initiation of immunomodulatory therapy is crucial for patients with clinically isolated syndrome who are at high risk for the development of multiple sclerosis. Vice versa identification of low risk patients could help to avoid an unnecessary therapy. In this prospective observational study we want to follow up patients with CIS and early multiple sclerosis over a period of four years and obtain clinical, laboratory and MRI - data in order to identify risk factors for relapses, prognostic factors and therapy response markers.

Enrollment

200 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • age > 18 years
  • signed informed consent
  • clinically isolated syndrome within the last 6 months
  • diagnosis of multiple sclerosis within the last two years

Exclusion criteria

  • eye disease that could interfere with OCT (e.g. glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy)
  • secondary progressive multiple sclerosis
  • pregnancy
  • contraindications for MRI, e.g. pacemaker, metal implants, allergy against gadolinium
  • alcohol or drug abuse

Trial design

200 participants in 1 patient group

CIS or early relapsing-remitting MS

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Central trial contact

Friedemann Paul, Prof.; Klemens Ruprecht, Dr.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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